Have you ever gotten lost in Korea and had to ask someone for directions? Or have you ever been mistaken for someone who is from the area and got asked for directions? Either way, if you know some basic expressions with which you can give or ask for directions to a certain place, you can learn some more advanced expressions through this lesson!
If you are familiar with the structure -(으)면서, which was introduced in the previous lesson, it is easy to guess what -(ㄴ/는)다면서(요) and -(이)라면서(요) mean. However, if you try to translate -(ㄴ/는)다면서(요) and -(이)라면서(요) literally to English, the translations are much different than the actual meaning because they can be used as a sentence ending. Find out more about these two endings by listening to the podcast and following along in the PDF!
Similar to the English term “while”, -(으)면서 can be used to add onto an action verb to describe doing an action at the same time as another. It can also be used to contrast two actions or can be used with nouns and the -이다 verb, but the translation to English is not always going to be “while”. Check out more about this structure in this lesson!
Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja], and although many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!
This is an Advanced Idiomatic Expressions lesson related to 생각, “thought” or “idea”. In order to fully understand and use the expressions introduced in this series, it is essential that you understand the grammatical structure of the sentences. When you come across a grammar point that you are unfamiliar with, please go back and review the related TTMIK lessons.