Korean Pronunciation Guide / 류현진 (Hyeonjin Ryu) – Baseball Player

  • Old Boy

    Is there a set of rules for words that are not pronounced as they are written? For example 혼잣말 is is written as “honjatmarl,” but is pronounced “honjangmarl.” Someday it would be great if the busy teachers at TTMIK could provide an explanation of the rules for pronouncing such words.

    (By the way, very tasteful graphics at the beginning of this video!)

    • Greg

      Yes, there are. Just search youtube. Not everything have to be by TTMIK.
      And well in case of 혼잣말 generally it’s 잔말 not 장, but not big difference 😛
      (btw my post below not related to Korean pronunciation I think. It’s more like related to Hanja reading)

  • Greg

    About 류현진 [柳賢振]… I don’t know how to read hanja or anything… just general understanding. So I looked into it a bit because it’s weird. Generally as far as I know, you won’t find a words that begin with ㄹ in Korean. . Same here – should be written and pronounced 유현진, but I guess people names are exception sometimes?

    I read that words coming from Chinese that begin with ㄹ or ㄴ + vowels ㅕㅑㅠㅛㅣ changed to ㅇ, and with the rest of vowels it’s always ㄴ.
    녀자 [女子] (woman) is 여자.
    女 = 녀 = female
    子 = 자 = 사람

    소녀 [少女] (young girl) stays 소녀 because 녀 is not in the begining of the word.
    少 = 소 = small

    류행 [流行] (fashion) is 유행
    流 = 류 = flow? or current?
    行 = 행 = movement?
    Not sure how does’t related to fashion, but… so be it 😀

    리상 [理想] is “Ideal”, like perfect, but it’s written and pronounced 이상, Similar to the meaning of “weird” and “more than”. All 3 spelled different in Chinese of course.

    Well if anyone wondering, that why also the word 육 (six) sometimes 육, somtimes 뉵 and sometimes 륙, depends if it’s first or after certain consonants.
    Here kinda both Hanja reading rules and nasalization 비음화 rules come into play. I guess complicated at first.

    • Peter

      South Koreans do not pronunce Sinokorean words the same way North Koreans do. According to the Wikipedia there is something called Initial ㄴ / ㄹ rule (두음법칙 頭音法則Dueum beopchik, “initial sound rule”)
      Initial ㄴ |n| / ㄹ |l| appearing in Sino-Korean words are kept in the North. In the South, in Sino-Korean words that begin with ㄹ and is followed by the vowel sound [i] or the semivowel sound [j] (when ㄹ is followed by one of ㅣ |i|, ㅑ |ja|, ㅕ |jʌ|, ㅖ |je|, ㅛ |jo| and ㅠ |ju|), ㄹ is replaced by ㅇ |∅|; when this ㄹ is followed by other vowels it is replaced by ㄴ |n|. In the North, the initial ㄹ is kept.

      That’s why the Sinokorean word 理想 is pronunced 리상 in the North and 이상 in the South. Another interesting example concerns the former presidential candidate 이정희(李正姬). Some of her critics in the South deliberately spell her name in the North Korean fashion as 리정희 to mock her pro-North sympathies.

    • Baruch

      “mock her pro-North sympathies.”

      When did you stop beating your wife, etc.

  • rigo

    hello there , this is a very good topic and also would like to know the rules for pronunciation , for example

    • Greg

      승리자 is 승니자. Just search for korean nasalization rules.

  • Old Boy

    Thanks Greg, I found a helpful chart of basic nasalization rules on Wikipedia:


  • How to read and write Hangeul
    where others?

  • Ramesh

    why it is not pronounced as a ryu-hyeon-chin? what are all the rules ?

  • jr

    (talktomeinkorean) is perfect

  • jr

    this video is timing of (24) fast as enough for not taking so long about that video of help people teaching them in korean teaching

  • jilooo93

    really helpful, for learning korean!! thankyou TTMIK, you’re sooo cool guysl!!