Level 1 Lesson 23 / Who? / 누구?

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are having a look at the word 누구 [nu-gu], which means “who” or “whom”, and how it is changed when used with the subject marking particle 가 [ga]. Listen in to find out how it changes and also to look at some useful sample sentences using the word 누구. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

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수고하셨습니다!

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Level 1 Lesson 23 / Who? / 누구?
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  • Dalis

    오눌 누가 일했어요? = Who worked today?

    Is it correct?

    • Natalie

      Attaching a subject marking particle to 오늘 is incorrect. It should just be 오늘 without the 은

    • Kenny Lau

      오늘은 is correct.

  • Mary Wu

    어제 누가 요리했어요?

  • Nadd

    아까 우리 커피 누가 마셨어요?

  • Semitic akuma

    누가했어요?

  • Semitic akuma

    the comment on the previous lesson is closed
    you are welcome tehe~
    감사합니다

  • heywaa

    어제 누가 노래했어요?

    • Seokjin Jin

      Correct! 잘했어요.

  • Xuemei Yan

    누가 청소했어요?

    • Seokjin Jin

      Correct! 아주 잘 했어요.

  • Daniela Arechiga

    Why did you use a subject marker in this : “누가 했어요?” but not in this one : 누구예요?

    • Kenny Lau

      누가 했어요? Who did it?
      누구예요? Who are you? / Who is it?

  • Nicholas Wen Hao

    누가도예뻐요?
    is this correct? ><

    • Kenny Lau

      예뻐 is already conjugated. You don’t need 예요.

      누가 더 예뻐? Who is more beautiful?

      Note the spacing. 도 > 더. 도 means “even” etc.

  • 우리 엄마는 누가 보았어요?

    • Kenny Lau

      보았어요 > 봤어요.

  • Oh Hanna

    오늘 누가 운동했어요?

  • Yasser Farawaty

    누가 와

  • Oh Hanna

    내 고양이를 누가 죽였어요?

  • haru

    sometimes in dramas, when someone goes to answer the door, they say something like: nu-gu-seh-yo?

    but here, in the PDF, it says 누구예요? with a “ye” instead of “seh”

    is that just my ear hearing it wrong? are they actually saying “ye” and I’ve misheard it all this time?

    감사합니다! 🙂

    • Seokjin Jin

      Actually, you can use both. 누구세요 and 누구예요 are correct expressions.
      Although they are formal expressions, 누구세요 sounds a little bit more formal.

    • haru

      wow, that’s very interesting, and good to know too! I’ve always been curious about that, thank you for your reply! 🙂

  • EXOL-ARMY 꿈

    누가 내 아이스크림을 먹었어요 ?

    • Seokjin Jin

      Correct! 잘 썼어요.

    • EXOL-ARMY 꿈

      YEEES !! 감사합니당~ (≧▽≦)

  • Rizariz

    그거 누가 요리해어요?

  • Keziah Keren

    Thank you for the lessons!!! Such a big help. God bless you guys 😀

  • Jina Ng

    구가 현우의 진화번호 알아요? (Who knows the telephone number of HyunWoo?)
    I think thats wrong==. PLs correct for me)

  • Jonathan Nyquist

    In a lesson on “who” you need some knock, knock jokes, so you can practice asking “who’s there?” 🙂

  • Holly (홀리)

    I had a question about one of the exercises from the TTMIK Level 1 book regarding the usage of 누구, (p. 146) 4. 어제 (…..) 만났어요?
    I thought the answer would have been 누가 but when I looked at the answer key, it said 누구.
    I don’t quite understand why it would be 어제 ‘누구’ 만났어요? rather than 어제 ‘누가’ 만났어요?
    May someone try to explain? Thank you in advance. 🙂

  • Émo TOURE

    누가 그옷을 좋아해요?
    이곳, 누가 프랑스어를 말해요?
    Thank you ^-^

  • Félix

    오늘 누가 한국어를 공부 안 했어요?

    • Somaᶰᶥᵐ ♥ 希

      저 아니에요. 🙂

  • Brendan W. Freeman

    누가 사무실에서 일했어요?

  • Somaᶰᶥᵐ ♥ 希

    누가 교실에서 잤어요? — Who slept in the classroom?
    누가 공부를 안 좋아해요? or 누가 공부를 좋아하지 않아요? — Who doesn’t like studying?
    누가 공부를 좋아해요? — who likes to study?
    똑 똑.. 누구 있어요? — knock knock, who’s there?
    집에 누가 있어요? — who is at home?

  • Phenelo

    I noraeneun nuga noraehaesseoyo? = Who sang this song?

    • 이 노래는 누가 부렸어요?

    • Phenelo

      What is the root or the verb stem of 부렸어요 in 한글? 고맙습니다 in advance. :))

    • 부르다

    • Phenelo

      Can I ask what’s the difference between 부르다 and 노래하다? If ever you know, that is. Thanks thanks. 😀

  • GK898

    누가 케이크 먹었어요? Who ate the cake?

  • Far Ah BenNai

    나는누구예요? :3♥

    • 신 켄넷

      저 모른에요…ㅋㅋ

    • Far Ah BenNai

      어 ㅎㅎ

  • Karan Kaur

    누가 집에 왔어요?

  • 박 쿄신

    누구 누텔라가 먹었어요?
    Is this right?
    Who ate the Nutella?

    • it’s should be 누가 뉴텔라카 먹었어요?

    • Joon-Jae Seven

      누가 누텔라를 먹었어요?

  • mia c

    누가 나의 김치를 먹었어요?
    Who ate my Kimchi?

  • Tibow mew

    Please give me English example sentences equivalent to using “nugu”. I’m not really understanding the difference of “who” when it’s not a subject.

    • Shezza

      For example:
      누구세요? (Who are you?)
      누구에요? (Who is it?)
      누구 때문에? (Because of who?)

  • Maureen Pavlik

    네가 누구에요? Who are you?
    누가 밥을 열리했어요? Who cooked the rice/food?
    내일 누가 한교에 가요? Who is going to school tomorrow?
    Corrections welcome! 감사합니다!