Level 1 Lesson 24 / Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

안녕하세요 여러분! In this lesson, we are going to have a look at the interrogatives “why” “how” and also how to say things like “how much” “how fast” “how quickly” and so on. You can also review how to say “what” “who” and “where” in this lesson. Be sure to try making your own sample expressions and share them with us in the comment box! And if you have any other questions, please feel free to ask! Thank you! 감사합니다.

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수고하셨습니다!

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Level 1 Lesson 24 / Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?
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  • conny

    hi!!! i have a doubt! 🙁 jajajaaj
    why is 무겁다 conjugated 무거워요?
    it shouldn’t be conjugated 무거요?
    sorry if my question is too silly xD

    • Jordan Crowley

      It’s the ㅂ irregular. When a verb stem ends in a ㅂ, the rule is that the ㅂ changes to 우 when adding a vowel. 우 then gets added to the next syllable in the conjugated word.

    • Marlou Reyes

      If it ends with a batchim ㅂit is conjugated as 워. Another example is 맵다(spicy).
      Conjugated as 매워요.

    • mxc9219

      무섭다 > 무서워요

    • 도미니카

      I was wondering about the same thing !

  • 도미니카

    You two are so cute I love your friendship ^^

  • ria

    how much is it?
    얼마예요?
    how much did you buy?
    얼마나 샀이예요?
    how fast is it?
    얼마나 빠르요?
    how fast is this car?
    얼마나 빠르요 차이에요? or 얼마나 이차 빠르요?

    • Esther Kim

      how much is it?
      얼마예요?
      how much did you buy?
      얼마나 샀이예요? -> 얼마나 샀어요?
      how fast is it?
      얼마나 빠르요? -> 얼마나 빨라요?
      how fast is this car?
      얼마나 빠르요 차이에요? or 얼마나 이차 빠르요? -> 이차 얼마나 빨라요?

  • chere nicholas

    What are some of the other uses for 어떻게? In dramas, it sounds like they use it to mean things like “I don’t know” or out of frustration?

    • mxc9219

      I think it means “What to do” or “what can I do?” rather than don’t know. Don’t know verb is 모르다.

  • Harsh

    Why is 무겁다 not conjugated to 무거어요 ??

    • Edwin Pujols

      When the stem ends in ㅂ, verbs/adjectives usually have this irregular conjugation:

      무겁다 ↦↦ 무거우 + 어요 ↦↦ 무거워요
      춥다 ↦↦ 추우 + 어요 ↦↦ 추워요
      어렵다 ↦↦ 어려우 + 어요 ↦↦ 어려워요

      So you drop the ㅂ and append a 우 to the end. From there is business as usual. Not all have this conjugation, 입다 conjugates to 입어요 for example.

  • mxc9219

    얼마예요 sounds like 얼마에요 rather than 얼마YE요. Am I right?

  • Florence

    I am confused. Why is 찾다 conjugated as 찾았요? Why is it not conjugated as 찾었요? 찾다 ends in a non vowel right? Please help me!

    • Faith Chow

      I’m no expert but I think it is because you add 았어요 to words that have the 아and 어 vowels. Whereas for any other vowels you will add 었어요.
      Check the last syllable of the noun/verb that has a vowel.
      Anyway you should check the lessons on Present Tense and Past Tense

    • Michael Duguay

      Right! Except it’s the 아 and 오, not 어.

    • Faith Chow

      Oh yes you’re right. I made a typo there , thankss 🙂

  • Jonaye

    오떻게 알라요?
    How do you know?
    왜 했어요?
    Why did you do it?
    이거 책을 얼마예요?
    How much is this book?

  • Jim Awofadeju

    왜 김치를 안먹어요?
    Why don’t you eat kimchi?

    모자 얼마예요?
    How much is the hat/cap?

    이방은 얼마나 커요?
    How big is this room?

    어떻게 만들었어요?
    How did you make it?

    • MissChuk

      In the 3rd sentence isn’t it supposed to be 이 instead of 은 (이방이 얼마나 커요?)since you are asking for clarification about the room size, not comparing it to anything, or introducing yourself, or talking about general facts.

  • Camila Erazo

    I have a question. The adjectives like 크다 ( big) or 무겁다 (heavy) need to be conjugated like verbs? In the same way? How can I conjugate the adjectives to use them into the sentences?

    • Ivis Benavides

      Most descriptive verbs are conjugated the same way as verbs like taught in lesson 16, but some are irregular verbs and need different conjugation rules. 무겁다 is a ㅂ irregular verb which is taught in level 3 lesson 11 but the majority of the time you have to drop the ㅂ and attach 워요making it 무거워요.

  • MissChuk

    어떻게 자주 운동아요? – How often do you exercise?

    왜 시험을 안 공부했어요? – Why didn’t you study for the test/exam?

    • Michaela Ray

      I think for the first sentence, it should be 얼마나 자주 운동아요? Because you’re asking how+an adjective (how often)? I think 어떻게 is only used when asking how to do something.

      Please someone correct me if I’m wrong.

  • chill ceel

    Anyone interested to have a chat on kakaotalk? I wanna practice making a converstation in Korean. I’m still a beginner. But I can make simple sentences. I’m looking for a serious study buddy.

  • J-Sky

    What did she said in 3:30? Onje___?

  • 베스타

    안녕하세요 여러분! Hello everyone!
    If any of you have problems remembering all the words, u can easily learn on this app “quizlet”.
    I do sets of the lessons, so i have level 1, 15-25 lessons right now!!
    https://quizlet.com/VestaBiv/folders/ttmik?i=17bsng&x=1xqY

    • Kenneth

      You sir are a genius! 대단히 고맙습니다!
      Now I have a constructive way of occupying my time
      while waiting!!

    • Sobia

      @disqus_vfOKfFSmH2:disqus This is so amazing!! Well done!! (Y)

  • Diana Mortagua

    얼마 냈어요? is “How much did you pay?” but why is the past tense of 내다 -> 냈어요? where did the 어 that should be above ㅆ went?

  • isha

    안녕하세요 ~~ 의문있어요.
    무겁다 + 어요 = 무거워요.
    So we have to drop the ㅂ in such words?

    • 조슈아

      Because the conjugation of 무겁다 has a vowel starting syllable following the verb stem, the ㅂ is dropped and the vowel in 겁 is not 오 therefore the following vowel added after the stem is 우. The 우 is combined with the conjugation of 어요 to become 워요.
      무겁다 + 어요
      무겁 + 어요
      무거 + 어요
      무거우 +어요
      무거워요.
      Hopefully that makes sense, if not you can learn all about this irregularity in level 3 lesson 11.

    • isha

      I got it. Thanks a lot 슈아씨 🙂

  • 조슈아

    “우리는 어떻게 살아야 돼요?” 왜 이것을 대답하는 것 어려워요?
    “How ought we to live?” Why is it difficult to answer this?