Level 1 Lesson 7 / This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

In this lesson, you can learn how to say “this” “that” “it” and “the” in Korean. In English, “this” and “that” can work as both modifiers and pronouns, but you need to use different words in Korean. This is because in Korean “this” as in “this is a book” is composed of two parts, 이 (this) + 거 (thing). Find out more about how to use these words in Korean by listening to the lesson and checking out the free PDF file attached to the lesson. If you have any question, as always, please feel free to leave them here! 감사합니다!

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

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Level 1 Lesson 7 / This, That, It / 이, 그, 저
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  • Silvia Fervorine

    Hello, I can’t download the pdf of the lesson 7! Just me have this problem?

    • Serah

      i actually have the same problem 🙁

    • weesie

      Sylvia….I was able to get it

  • Duo Martin

    Hi hi love your site…wanted to know if there is a key difference between 이것 and 이곳 as I’ve learnt it as the latter.

  • weesie

    Just a little confused on some pronunciation….in the lesson you seem to pronounce 저 as 더. I hear you say teo and not jeo. Am I hearing wrong or can ㅈ sometimes sound like a “t”? In the PDF it is written as “jeo”. Thanks….this is going slowly for me….I’m working with a 75 yr old brain….but am going to persevere!

    • Renee

      Learning Korean at that age is unbelievably awesome. I’m 23 and it’s tough 🙂

  • Karen Tay

    how do you say “it” in Korean?

  • Nguyễn Ngọc Na

    I love Linda’s voice

  • Debbie

    Really struggling with the modifier and pronoun thing! (grammar was never my strong point). It’s making it hard to get past. Anyone got any really clear example sentences? Need to get it straight in my head haha

    • DMarin

      Hi, Debbie! It’s not that hard, really! Adjectives (modifiers) 이 and 그 always need something else (a noun) next to them; for example: “I really like this lesson;” lesson would be a noun in this case and this (이) would be an adjective. But if the noun is implicit, then we’re using a pronoun; for example: “I really like this.” There is nothing next to “this,” so we know it is a pronoun. So if you’re on the phone and a new thought about your pencil comes to you, and you tell your friend “I really like this,” your friend probably won’t know what you’re talking about, because she can’t see it, so in that case it’s not implicit, you would have to say “I really like this pencil,” but if your friend is with you and she can see you’re holding a pencil, than “I really like this” is enough, because what you mean is implied by what you’re looking at. It’s all about context.

    • Debbie

      Ah thanks so much….that’s definitely helped it sink in a little more I think! So the example they give…..

      “This is my car.” – Pronoun
      “This car is mine.”- Modifier

      is that correct? or other way around? I haven’t studied grammar since school….even then not in this detail haha.

    • DMarin

      Perfect! Yes, that is right.

    • Ellizabeth Randomness

      The way i go it is that the modifier will always be this (thing) like “this apple” or “this bed” and the pronouns are when your saying this IS like in your example the pronoun one was This IS my car and the modifier was This Car(the thing or object) is mine

  • Phương

    I never think that Korean is interesting until I know this website.
    Thanks a lot

  • Vince Ralph

    does jeo-geo kamera-yeyo translate to “that is a camera” and jeo kamera to ” that camera” ?

    • gae butt

      Cheers.

  • Amanda Lynn Hood

    Would this be how you say “what is that over there?” “저거 뭐예요?”

    • Ming Jisoon

      Correct.

  • Chim Chim

    Which modifier would you use if you wanted to write something like “this word” or “this phrase” or “this sentence”?

  • xoxo EXO

    Which one (이, 그, 저) would you use when referring to things that aren’t tangible like “this/that/the week” or “this/that/the lesson” or “this/that/the idea”?

  • Chess8Ko

    이거 뭐예요 ?
    이 검퓨다
    저 버스
    저자
    이사람,그사람,저사람

    • Julian

      computer ends with 터 and car is 처 instead of 저 … I’m pretty sure

    • David Crouse

      car is 차

      터 is the correct ending

    • Ellizabeth Randomness

      I think its supposed to be 이거 컴퓨터예요 i think cause igeo is used as a pronoun and u add the yeyo which is “is” so altogether this is a computer or in the korean order this computer is

  • 라님라님

    thank you

  • Kezza

    what would you use if you say, “that love” in —that love is real—. Can you use geo? Sorry I don’t have hangul keyboard.

    • Ayat

      I guess yes,because its not near or far away from you.So you can use geo.

    • Kezza

      I think it’s right because 거 could be use for something out of sight.

    • Ellizabeth Randomness

      Wait but wouldnt it be 그 doesnt 거 mean thing

  • J-hopes Gucci slippers

    Annyeonghaseyo, I am currently on my Dell laptop and I was wondering, How do I type in Korean?

    • Samantha

      you have to go and change your keyboards
      i have a dell too

    • David Crouse

      another way is to go to this website:

      https://www.branah.com/korean

      or some other website that has a Korean keyboard

  • Klaudia

    but, when i need to use only geu end when i need to use geu-geo. Or jeo and jeo-geo.

  • Kira

    감사합니다!

  • Anna

    I’ve got hangul down but when I write I don’t know where to put the spaces..help?

    • Samantha

      between the words

    • David Crouse

      ㅋㅋㅋ

    • Florence Duguay

      It mades my day

  • Tanaz Hisham

    In my mother tongue, which is Malayalam, ‘i’/’이’ also means this.So, I was like, this is going to be eaaassyyyy.

  • Mayette Cahulogan

    It’s really very instructive! So happy to have found this! Thanks, much!

  • SimFerAtzul

    So, if I want to say: This person is Jessica,
    I must to say: 이 사람 Jessica예요. ?

  • Novelsnerd

    Thank you so much! You explain everything in such an easy way.

  • Yusra Mj

    감사합니다 🙂

  • Ellizabeth Randomness

    The way i got it is that the modifier will always be this (thing) like “this apple” or “this bed” and the pronouns are when your saying this IS like This IS my car for pronoun and This Car(the thing or object) is mine for modifier

  • Lucy

    감사합니다 !

  • ButlerOnIce

    Wait i have another question, you said if you cant see it or its not there you just say 그/그것 but what if its something like on the computer ? Like if you’re looking at a picture and you want to say what it is would you use 이/이것 because the computer is right next to you? So that makes the picture on the computer close to you?or would you use 그/그것 cause technically it’s not there

    • Francesca

      If you mean you’re looking at pictures on the computer and point at one picture and ask “What is this?(in the picture)” Then, you would say 이것 because the thing your pointing at is right in front of you/close to you. The usage of 그것 you’re talking about is for things that are literally out of sight, you can’t point at it.

  • MadChil

    이것 뭐예요?
    이것 커피예요.

    그것 학교여요.

    저것 가방이에요.

    감사합니다 <3 😉

  • Ash

    I have a lot of trouble understanding grammar. Can someone help me out by explaining what a pronoun and modifier are in simple terms.

    • Wynter

      So a pronoun in English is any word that takes the place of a noun, usually He/She/It, as in “Ash’s car” becomes “Her car” with “her” as the pronoun. A modifier, modifies a noun by saying what kind; “a car” becomes “this car” and “this” is the modifier because it’s referring to a specific car.

    • Kai5437

      thanks for this!! made it a lot easier to understand

  • Hannah Wallis

    but whats the difference in putting the geo like i-geo-ma-i-keu and i-ma-i-keu!???

  • Aili Estrada

    do we have to use geot or can we just use geo

    • noor jarar

      actually it doesn’t matter if you used geo than geot , it’s just easy to pronounce

  • Gareth Del Rey Vanstone

    These podcasts and PDFs are excellent!!!
    Thank you so much guys for putting this content together 😉 🙂
    I am going back through Unit 1 to revise.
    I can see how much time and care you guys have put into making these lessons and materials and I really appreciate you all. “Sarang heyo!!” KKKKKK!!
    (*Sorry, I can’t type in Hangul on my laptop keyboard) T.T

  • Mai Bresson Krøner

    I got a bit confused with ‘this’ as a modifier because in English it is a demonstrative pronoun either used as a subject or a determiner/article it doesn’t really modify the noun (if used as a determiner). Does it modify the noun in Korean?
    These lessons are really great and I learn a lot! It’s just the grammar nerd in me who is curious. Thanks