Level 1 Lesson 7 / This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

In this lesson, you can learn how to say “this” “that” “it” and “the” in Korean. In English, “this” and “that” can work as both modifiers and pronouns, but you need to use different words in Korean. This is because in Korean “this” as in “this is a book” is composed of two parts, 이 (this) + 거 (thing). Find out more about how to use these words in Korean by listening to the lesson and checking out the free PDF file attached to the lesson. If you have any question, as always, please feel free to leave them here! 감사합니다!

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

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Go to the Grammar Curriculum page to see all of our grammar lessons.

Level 1 Lesson 7 / This, That, It / 이, 그, 저
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  • Silvia Fervorine

    Hello, I can’t download the pdf of the lesson 7! Just me have this problem?

    • Serah

      i actually have the same problem 🙁

    • weesie

      Sylvia….I was able to get it

  • Duo Martin

    Hi hi love your site…wanted to know if there is a key difference between 이것 and 이곳 as I’ve learnt it as the latter.

  • weesie

    Just a little confused on some pronunciation….in the lesson you seem to pronounce 저 as 더. I hear you say teo and not jeo. Am I hearing wrong or can ㅈ sometimes sound like a “t”? In the PDF it is written as “jeo”. Thanks….this is going slowly for me….I’m working with a 75 yr old brain….but am going to persevere!

  • Karen Tay

    how do you say “it” in Korean?

  • Nguyễn Ngọc Na

    I love Linda’s voice

  • Debbie

    Really struggling with the modifier and pronoun thing! (grammar was never my strong point). It’s making it hard to get past. Anyone got any really clear example sentences? Need to get it straight in my head haha

    • DMarin

      Hi, Debbie! It’s not that hard, really! Adjectives (modifiers) 이 and 그 always need something else (a noun) next to them; for example: “I really like this lesson;” lesson would be a noun in this case and this (이) would be an adjective. But if the noun is implicit, then we’re using a pronoun; for example: “I really like this.” There is nothing next to “this,” so we know it is a pronoun. So if you’re on the phone and a new thought about your pencil comes to you, and you tell your friend “I really like this,” your friend probably won’t know what you’re talking about, because she can’t see it, so in that case it’s not implicit, you would have to say “I really like this pencil,” but if your friend is with you and she can see you’re holding a pencil, than “I really like this” is enough, because what you mean is implied by what you’re looking at. It’s all about context.

    • Debbie

      Ah thanks so much….that’s definitely helped it sink in a little more I think! So the example they give…..

      “This is my car.” – Pronoun
      “This car is mine.”- Modifier

      is that correct? or other way around? I haven’t studied grammar since school….even then not in this detail haha.

    • DMarin

      Perfect! Yes, that is right.

  • Phương

    I never think that Korean is interesting until I know this website.
    Thanks a lot

  • Vince Ralph

    does jeo-geo kamera-yeyo translate to “that is a camera” and jeo kamera to ” that camera” ?

    • gae butt

      Cheers.

  • Amanda Lynn Hood

    Would this be how you say “what is that over there?” “저거 뭐예요?”

    • Ming Jisoon

      Correct.

  • Chim Chim

    Which modifier would you use if you wanted to write something like “this word” or “this phrase” or “this sentence”?

  • xoxo EXO

    Which one (이, 그, 저) would you use when referring to things that aren’t tangible like “this/that/the week” or “this/that/the lesson” or “this/that/the idea”?