Level 6 Lesson 18 / – Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면


Saying “or” to link words or sentences is very simple in English, but isn’t as simple in Korean; it all depends on what part of speech you are linking that makes the translation vary. In this lesson, we are taking a look at a few of the various ways to say “or” so we can help you become a more fluent Korean speaker!

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

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Level 6 Lesson 18 / – Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면
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  • mari

    I am the first one! hehe!
    And i am really glad to hear this lesson because I was just wondering about that yesterday, when reading a text:

    • delcar

      annyeonghaseyo! delsie imnida!
      i really want to learn hangeul, and i really want to have a friend who is fluent in it and also fluent in english, because i think it would be better than self study.
      i have already studied hangeul and still studying more about it but i think it is still lacking so i hope you can help. i will really appreciate your help,kamsahamnida!

  • Andrea Isaza

    i totally get it!!! it’s not that hard … and it’s easy to remember!!!
    Thank you very much for your hard work!! …. you are really amazing!!! gamsahabnida!!! ^^

  • Desiree

    I burst out laughing at “Who CARES about your birthday.” lol oh man Hyunwoo, that was messed up and hilarious. I had to rewind to hear the amount of native english inflection in that one, wasn’t expecting it.

    But Thanks For The Lesson! ^_^ This is great!

  • Finally came across this lesson. I have been wondering for the longest time how OR is expressed in Korean. 이 수업이 좋아요. 저는 한국어로 잘 하고 싶어요. 감사합니다 TTMK

  • Teachers,thank you so much for today’s lesson…정말 쉬워요 🙂
    오늘이나 내일 집에 갈거예요!

  • finally

    i’ve been waiting for this lesson ^^


  • dk

    고향이 가거나 아니면 위국에 여행을 하러 갈거예요.

  • 나타샤

    이번은 수업이 쉽고 유용해요^^
    이제 다른 수업 듣거나 책 읽을거에요!

  • 그레이스

    Thank you for the lesson. will be looking forward to learn about 든가 in future lessons!

  • Samier


    I was struggling recently on trying to use ‘or’ in Korean!!
    This really helped a lot 😉


  • Eunice Loy

    안녕하세요 선생님(:

    Was looking at twitter and came across this lesson and just heard it because am curious on saying ‘or’ (am still at lvl 2 btw).

    Just wondering if linking sentences and sentences together, by using 아니면, besides ‘or’, does it also mean ‘if not’ in the sentence? ‘집에 갈 거예요? 아니면 친구를 만날 거예요?’ also means ‘Are you going to go home? If not, are you going to meet a friend?’


  • 제니

    친구한테 전화하거나 아니면 문자 메시지 보내거나 할 거예요?

  • ks

    너 말할것이나 아니면 아무것도 말할것이 없을거에요?
    Do you want to say something or do you not have anything to say?

    I’m wondering if the “(으)ㄹ거에요” in this grammar point isn’t simple future tense, but instead exactly like the ” (으)ㄹ 거에요” discussed in lesson 26 level 4.

  • I want to meet Heechul or Eunhyuk

    희철씨나 은혁씨는 만나고 싶어요

    Do you love Heechul or Eunhyuk

    희철씨 아니면 은혁씨 누구를 사랑해요 ?

    Until when I go to bed, there’s not much time left so I’ll either learn or listen to Super Junior song

    지금부터 자기까지(/ 취침시간까지) 시간이 안 많아서 공부하거나 슈주의 노래를 들 거예요

    that man loves that woman ? or that woman loves that man?
    그 남자 는 그녀자를 사랑해요 , 아니면 그녀자는 그남자를 사랑해요 ?

  • joy ann

    I have a question… how do i use if the verb are not both in the same time? I mean, how could i translate in korean if the first verb is on past tense and the second verb is on future tense.. how is it?

    ex.) you been arrived or going to arrived yet.

  • Florence Loh

    hi, i’m still waiting for the lesson on “-든지” and “-든가”. but i suppose it’s not taught yet? 🙂 hope to hear from you soon. wanted to learn on this lesson because i came across this quite a few times. thanks

  • Winnie Zambo

    1.새 휴대폰 살거예요?아니면 돈을 아낄 거예요?

    2.아침에 보통 우유나 주스를 마셔요.

    3.이번 주말에 친구랑 같이 영화를 보거나 공원에서 산책하려고 해요.

  • Jo A

    공부거나 놀 거예요, 너는 선택이에요.
    It’s your choice to study or play.

  • Paula Cho

    학교가거나 영화를 보거나 할거에요.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      학교가거나 –> 학교 가거나
      할거에요 –> 할 거예요

    • Paula Cho

      거예요 or 거에요 is fine.
      i learned it from ttmk.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      거에요 is grammatically incorrect even though many Koreans would say it this way.

    • Paula Cho

      Should i write always 거예요?

    • KyungHwa Sun

      거예요 is a combination of 것 and -이에요.

  • Ilikepants

    나랑 결혼하거나 나를 죽일 거야?

    • disqus_OWbCMAE8fv

      hahaha ^O^

  • Eman

    자전거나 자동차 사는 지 잘 모르겠어요.

    커피 아니면 주스 마시래요?

    내일 영화를 보거나 방을 청소거나 할게어요.

    내일 영화를 보거나 아니면 방을 청소거나 할게어요.

  • 하오라

    과일 먹거나 생선 먹거나 .

  • Cameron Belcher

    I love when you do lessons like these, because I feel it is like a nice step by step approach. 😀

  • Cameron Belcher

    Sometimes we use “if not”, in English too, to express something like or. 🙂

  • Shy Unicorn ♡

    한국 올 때면 서울이나 부산오로 가고 싶어요.

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    1) You want to eat chocolate or ice-cream?
    – 초코릿이나 아이스크림이나 먹고 싶어요?

    2) Do you want to go to library or to the park?
    – 도서관이나 공원에 갈까요?

    3) You want to buy dress or Jeans?
    – 드래스나 아니면 정바지를 사고 싶어요?

    4) Either eat or talk. Don’t do it together.
    – 먹거나 말을 해요. 같이 하지 마세요
    – 먹거나 말하거나 해요. 같이 하지 마세요
    – 먹거나 아니면 말을 해요. 같이 하지 마세요

    5) Do you want to watch movie or go to the Karaoke?
    – 영화를 보거나 노래방에 갈래요?
    – 영화를 보거나 노래방에 가거나 할래요?
    – 영화를 보거나 아니면 노래방에 갈래요?

    6) I will either go to the office or will meet my friend
    – 사무실에 가거나 친구를 만날 거예요?
    – 사무실에 가거나 친구를 만나거나 할 거예요?
    – 사무실에 가거나 아니면 친구를 만날 거예요?

    7) You will sing or dance?
    – 노래하거나 춤을 할 거예요??
    – 노레하거나 춤을 하거나 할 거예요?
    – 노례하거나 아니면 춤을 할 거예요?

    8) I will meet my mother or go to the school
    – 엄마를 만나거나 학교에 갈 거예요
    – 엄마를 만나거나 학교에 가거나 할 거예요
    – 엄마를 만나거나 아니면 학교에 걸 거예요

    Those are lots of sentences. If there are any mistakes in the sentences above, Please correct me. 감사합니다!!

  • Dania Freih

    서울에 가거나 제조도에 가거나 할 거예요.
    서울이나 제조도나언젠가 갈 거예요.
    세울에 아니면 제조도에 갈 거예요.
    서울에 가거나 제조도에 갈 거예요.

  • Elizabeth Villanueva Macadaeg

    Hi. How do you translate this. To go or not to go? 가다거나 가지마?

  • 이상민

    If the second verb is simply ‘하다’ then does it mean “or something”?
    E.g. 산책이나 하고 오자 lets take a walk or something, and come back.

  • 야씬

    운동할 때 검지이나 새끼손가락 아파요? (Does your index finger or little finger hurt when you exercise?)

    우리는 배구하거나 축구할지 잘 모르겠어요. (We are not sure if we are going to play volleybal or football.)

    박물관을 방문하고 싶나요? 아니면 도서관에서 책을 읽는 거 어때요? (Do you want to visit a museum? Or how about reading a book at the library?)

  • 안톤

    졸업한 다음에 뭐할거예요? 계속 공부하거나 아니면 일하고 싶어요? What do you want to do after graduating? Continue studying or going to work?

    이거나그거 골랐어요. 전 상관 없었어요. Picked this or that one, I really didn’t care.

    어떤 핸들폰 좋아해요? 삼성 아니면 엘기? Which phone do you like? Samsung or LG?

  • Imogen Eve Blair

    어느 스타일을 저에게 제일 어울린지 잘 모르겠어요. 이거나 이거? = I’m not sure which style suits me best. This one or this one?
    보통 전녁에는 저는 한 시간 동안 자전거 타거나 아니면 제 아버지하고 같이 걸어요. Usually in the evenings I (either) cycle/ride a bike for 1 hour or go for a walk with my dad.
    우리 지금 가거나 나중에 갈까요?= Shall we go now or later.
    저는 아주 일찍 오면 그검 제가 아마 그냥 책을 읽거나 아니면 커피를 살 거예요. If i’m very early then I’ll probably just read a book or buy a coffee.
    보통 아침에 시리얼을 먹거나 아니면 오트밀하고 같이 바나나 한 개를 먹어요. Usually in the mornings I eat cereal or have porridge with a banana.

  • Yuki

    아침에 우리 집 오거나 밤에 올게요?
    계속 떠들거니, 아니면 입을 다물거니? 제 말 뜻은 지금 머리가 아파하고 있거든요/(아파다고 했거든요) [trying to say: “I mean I’m having a headache right now”]
    제가 그에게 말해야 할까요, 아니면 떨어져 있어야 할까요? 아니면 친구에게 부탁해서 날 위해 그와 얘기해 보라고 할지도 몰라요

    • Veronica Choi

      you use 올게요 only when you talk about yourself (I will come), you can’t imply it to other people

    • Kam

      oh I see, then how is the correct way to say that?

    • Veronica Choi

      와요 or 올 거예요?

  • Matt

    [1A] 페인트거나 마커를 사용할 수 있어요. = I can use paint or markers.
    [1B] 페인트 아니면 마커 사용하고 싶어요? = Do you want to use paint or markers?
    [2] 저녁을 먹어야 하거나 굶주림으로 죽을 거예요. = I have to eat dinner or I will die of hunger.
    [3] 오늘은 운동을 하고 싶어요? 아니면 그냥 쉬고 싶어요? = Do you want to work out today? Or do you just want to rest?

    레슨 감사합니다