Level 7 Lesson 24 / Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state


In a previous lesson, we looked at how passive voice works in Korean. In this lesson, we are taking a look at the structure -어 있다. You can use structure with passive voice to say that something has been put into a certain state and stays that way. Come join us as we discuss how to use this structure to make your Korean sound more fluent and natural!

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

Download PDF
Download MP3

Go to the Grammar Curriculum page to see all of our grammar lessons.

Level 7 Lesson 24 / Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state
  • 제이슨

    새로운 수업을 이제 웹 사이트에 놓여 있어요.

  • rigo

    thanks for the lesson , passive voice has always been a difficult subject

  • marie

    I have a question about this lesson:

    I understood this structure is used to mean that “sth” or “so” in in the state of being “verb” and so as to make this structure, we have to write the verb in passive voice and add -어/아 있다 but why, for example, the verbs 앉다 (to sit down) and 눕다 (to lie down) become respectively 앉아 있다 and 누워 있다, whereas they are action verbs?
    The passive voice of 눕다 is 눕히다, so is it possible to say 눕혀 있다?
    The same for 앉히다 that would become 앉혀 있다?

    • Miss Orson

      What I see is that 앉아 있다 & 누워 있다 are not passive voice. They just describe the state of being “sitting & lying.”

    • TinaMusicFairy

      앉다, 눕다, 서다 are all verbs that the action is done and you stay in that state afterwards like you sit and stay sitting, it will be really weird if you say 앉아요 because that mean you sat down and stood up again a while after

  • Samier


    Passive voice is always a bit challenging but this lesson really helped ^^;;;


  • Hacky

    Thank you for explaining the differences and nuances between this passive voice and other sentence patterns, it helps a lot. It even helped me understand Japanese (since the grammar are somewhat similar).

  • Eman

    집에 가기 전에, 이건 벌써 닫혀있어요.

  • 정지혜

    토마토가 썰려 있어요.

  • Dania Freih

    1. 어제부터 문이 닫혀 있어요.
    2. 다 먹여 있어요. 하나도 안 나맜어요.
    3. 짐이 벌써 다 싸여 있어요.

  • TinaMusicFairy

    – 먼지가 책상에 쌓여 있어요.
    – 창문이 아직 닫혀 있어요, 열어주세요.
    – 내가 걱정돼 있어요.
    – 집이 깨끗돼 있어요.

  • Gavin Moore

    1. 제가 잘 못했어…왜냐하면 제 여행 도중 언덜 겨여있었어요.
    I messed up… I left my ondol on during my trip.

    2. 점심밥이 여전히 먹기 가능해여 있어요.
    Lunch is still being served.

  • Kam

    저 탁자에 위해서 한 휴대폰 게 놓여 있는데.. 주인을 찾아야 해요