Level 2 Lesson 19 / Making verbs into nouns / -는 것

In this lesson, we are going to learn about a grammatical structure that will come in handy when you want to expand your sentences and make longer and more accurate phrases in Korean. In Korean when you link phrases with other phrases, you often make one phrase into a noun form and have it included in a bigger phrase. In order to do that, we are going to look at how to make verbs into nouns in this lesson. Listen in and pay close attention to what 현우 and 경은 introduce, and be sure to give it a try and make your own sample sentences! If you have any questions, please feel free to ask!

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Level 2 Lesson 19 / Making verbs into nouns / -는 것
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  • 저 요즘 공부하는 거는 한국어예요. (Korean is what I’ve been studying recently.)
    저 많이 먹는 거 파스타예요. (Pasta is what I’m eating a lot.)
    저 먹는 거는 진짜 좋아해요. (I really like eating.)
    [지금은 정말 배고파요. ㅋㅋ]

    아, 진짜 어려워요 >< Will try my best.. 감사합니다~

  • Rae

    제 취미는 집 청소하는 거예요… 한숨

  • Keltoum

    요즘 보는 거는 W예요 ….Does it make sense in Korean?

  • Eskymau

    네,현우랑 경은 공부하는 거 좋아해요 ! 재미있어요
    제 취미는 책 읽는 거랑 한국 드라마 보는 거예요
    Or should I say : 제 취미는 책 읽는 거 그리고 한국 드라마 보는 거예요 ?

  • 암알

    지금 하는 거는 한극어 곰부해요 . . .. . is this correct?

  • Farzam Habib Khan

    지금 먹는 거는 김치예요..(Kimchi is what i am eating right now)
    현우씨하고 경은씨 공부하는 거 진짜 좋아해요….
    ㄱㅅ 😉

    • Seokjin Jin

      지금 먹는 거는 김치예요. 현우 씨하고 경은 씨와 공부하는 거 진짜 좋아해요.


  • Chocobana

    네, 현우씨랑 경은씨 공부는 거 아주 좋아해요.

    Random sentences:
    -제 방은 정수하는 것이 많이 싫어해요. xD
    -제 취미는 책을 읽는 거에요. 그런데 요즘 많이 바빠서 읽는 거 시간이 없어요. (I’m not sure if I used this construction correctly. I meant that I have no reading time.)

  • اسماء

    So what’s the difference between just using the present tense of the verb and using 는 것? Like instead if saying 지금 뭐 공부하는 것이에요 I can just say 지금 뭐 공부해요?.

    And the answer for the question you asked is: 네, 정말 좋아해요.

    • Visenya Ackerman

      I was confused for quite sometime actually I still am. But the conclusion I have come across after all the research and which might be wrong is that changing verbs into nouns is important for sentences where you want to use two verbs together as in ‘I like to sing’. You cant say 노래하다 촣아해요. It makes no sense. Or 저는 노래를 좋아해요 which would mean i like song. So it becomes 저는 노래하는 것을 좋아해요. As for the sample sentences you asked about I think its best to write those sentences in present progressive tense for now atleast. Long story short this all verbs into noun converting thing is for sentences that use two actions so you have to convert one of the verbs into noun depending upon the context of the sentence. But I might be wrong. So yeah. Hope it helped.

    • Linh

      thanks. It does help! I’ve been wondered how to use two verbs together since I started learning Korean.

    • Eux Ho

      This helps! Thank you 😀

  • Stitch118

    What is the difference between this and 고있어요?

    • Seokjin Jin

      You can make verbs into noun form by adding -는 것.

      -고 있어요 pattern is needed when you want to make a sentence into present progress tense.

  • Aya

    네 , 현씨랑 경은씨 공부하는 거 좋아해요 .

    – 지금 먹은 거는 피자이에요 .
    – 오늘 사과는 사는 거 이에요 .

  • Visenya Ackerman

    제 친구가 요리를 도웠어요. Or
    제 친구가 요리하는 것을 도왔어요. What would be the correct sentence for My friend helped me cook. Or my friend helped me in cooking. Since 요리 itself is a noun do we have to change its form? Same goes for verbs like 이사하다 and 청소하다.
    그리고 your lessons are a great help. I am having a great time learning the beautiful language that is korean. 너무 너무 감사합니다.

  • Trinity Pate


    제 연습 문장 세 개:

    저는 한국어를 공부하는 거 좋아해요!! 정말 재미있어요!! – I like studying Korean. It’s really fun!!

    요즘 공부하는 거 한국어예요 – Recently I am studying Korean

    제 친구랑 그녀의 엄마의 취마는 노래하는 갓이에요 – My friend and are her mum’s hobby is singing

    Also just a question, for my second example would ‘요즘 한국어를 공부하고 있어요’ – also be correct and if so, which is better and more natural to use??


    • 요즘 공부하는 거 한국어예요. Sounds like it means “lately, studying is korean.”
      adding 것이 makes it more clear that the study is the subject. So, 요즘 공부하는 것이 한국어예요. But I think 요즘 한국어를 공부하고 있어요 is more natural.

    • Trinity Pate

      감사합니다!! I’ll add what you’ve said to my notes!!

  • McKenzie Rodwell

    요즘 시험 주 학교 그렇지만 조금 아직도 공부하는 한국어에요. = recently its exam week at school but I’m still studying Korean a little bit.

    감사합니다!!!! I hope I wrote that sentence right I’m studying for my finals right now so I don’t have a lot of time to make a lot of sample sentences but I still wanted to study some of my Korean for a little bit so i can continue to improve and learn more because its fun learning Korean. 🙂

    • Trinity Pate


      I’m by no means an expert at all so I may be wrong but I think you need to use the location marking particle when talking about ‘at school’ so I think it’d be ‘학교에서’. And also I think it’d be ‘한국어예요’ instead of ‘한국어에요’Other than that, I think it’s good!!

      Good luck in your finals!!

    • McKenzie Rodwell

      감사합니다!!!! and thank you for your help, those were the two things i was worried about in my sentence lol.:)

  • nin

    저는 현우선생님하고 경은선생님하고 공부하는 것을 너무 좋아합니다. ^^
    제 집에 있는 것(을) 좋아해요. I like to stay at home(?)
    운동할 때 노래를 듣는 거 좋아해요.
    토요일에 공부하는 거 별로 안 좋아.
    I can’t think of any examples without 좋다, I think I’m tired. I hope these are correct.

  • It’s interesting people are getting this and present progressive tense (-고 있어요) mixed up.
    The present progressive tense is a tense of a sentence. 는 것 changes a verb to function like a noun (similar to adding -기).
    책을 읽고 있어요. = “I am reading a book (right now).” (this is a complete sentence)
    읽는 것 = “reading” (this is now a noun that can be used in a full sentence, and make more complex sentences)
    ex: 그 남자가 신문 읽는 것 같아요. = It seems like that guy is reading the newspaper.
    Here it is necessary to change the verb 읽다 to a noun, so 읽는 것 is literally “thing of reading.”
    In more simple sentences like “The thing I am doing is ___” it makes sense to use the progressive tense instead, or even the normal formal ending (-아/어요). However the different sentence structures gives a different feeling to the sentence, so it depends on the situation you are using it in.

    • Eux Ho

      Hi there! Thank you for your elaboration. It helped alot.
      Does that mean it is safe to say that ~는 것 is used for passive statements?

      E.g. The thing he is reading is newspaper. (Passive)
      He is reading newspaper. (Active)

  • Justin Steven Cruz

    혼자 집에서 한국말을 배우는 거를 좋아해서 현우선생님이랑 경은선생님이랑 공부하는 거를 줄겨요!

  • AudioAw

    매운 것 잘 먹어요?

    Is this a proper use of 는 것 when it is being used after an adjective instead of a verb? Or Is it simply describing “a spicy thing”?

    • Bianca Lima

      I’m just a fellow student, but I hope I can help because this example can be confusing. Here we have the stew of an adjective + ㄴ/은, which is the way adjectives are written to describe nouns (예쁜, 똑똑한, 젊은…), and the 것, like you said, is describing a spicy thing.
      In this case, they’re not using 는 것, instead they’re using “adjective + ㄴ/은 + 것”, and 것 in this case simply means “food”. The 는 것 form (like you said, once again) is used only with action verbs, so I’m pretty sure this example doesn’t really fit in the lesson. Again I’m just a student, but I hope this helps you!

    • Bianca Lima

      I deleted my previous comment because it was unnecesarily confusing OTL. But here, as you said, it is only describing “a spicy thing”, because 는 것 is indeed used only with action verbs.

      맵다: to be spicy >>> 매운: “the act of” being spicy, or simply, the noun form of the verb 맵다. Notice that to change adjectives into verbs, you simply add ~ㄴ/은 to the stew. So here we have “adjective turned into noun + 것”, which in this case simply means “food”, and not “adjective + 는 것”, because it would be wrong. I’m just a fellow student and english is not my native language, but I hope this helps!

    • AudioAw

      That’s what I was thinking, thanks for the clarification. Your english is great btw 🙂

  • Bianca Lima

    > 제 엄마가 요리하는 음식이 최고예요. = The food that my mom cooks is the best.
    > 자전거를 빨리 타는 남자는 넘어졌어요. = The man who rides his bicycle fast fell down.
    > 하이힐로 걷는 여자는 달릴 수 없어요. = The woman who walked with high heels couldn’t run.

    이거 맞아요? 이거 어렵지 않아요, 근데 예문 만들기가 조금 헷갈려요 ㅠㅠ 수업을 주셔서 감사합니다! ^^

  • Saquib Siddiqui

    네. 선냉님들랑 한국어는 공부하는 거를 진짜 좋아해요.

  • Lovely Nody (나다)

    ( 가는 것 ) why can’t it mean “the place we are going to” ?

  • laura

    지금 하는 거 어려워요.
    지금 기다리는 거는 수요한 사람이에요.
    어제, 제 남자친구랑 먹은 거는저녁식사를 좋아해요.
    월요일에, 선새임이랑 말할 거 알아요.

  • Tiffany A

    so is 지금 듣는 것은 노래예요. the written form and 지금 듣는 거는 노래예요. the spoken form? and it would be inccorect to write 지금 듣는 거는 노래예요.
    Is this correct?

    • honestlyidk

      if i have understood correctly, you can write both ways. -는 것은 is more used in formal speech, not that you have to write it like that. (:

  • Misk

    지금 드라마 보는거은 (김 과장) 이예요
    Is it right ?

    • Jixanh

      보는 거는, not 보는거은.

  • Marjz

    can you please explain to me what is the difference of gu ittda (present progresive) and nun geot?? i think nun geot is also present progresive.. kamsahamnida

  • Zubkov Yevhen

    당신과 함께 공부하는 것을 진짜 좋아해요)

  • 민지

    네, 여기 정말 공부하는 것 좋아해요. 🙂 = Yes, I really like studying here. 🙂

    • A.L.

      You probably want to add a location marking particle after “여기”, or your sentence can also mean “Yes, I also/I, as well, really like studying.”

  • Far Ah BenNai

    조금 어렵다.

  • Sadaf

    많이 좋아요.

  • jellyjelly

    i don’t understand one thing, in the example :
    요즘 공부하는 거는 뭐예요? here is 거는
    but why in the next example :
    저는 친구랑 수다떠는 거를 좋아해요. here is 거를 ????
    why why why, i still don’t get it when to use 는 and 를 🙁

    i’m getting frustrated in it …… :(( please teach me

    • Trinity Pate

      I think, I’m not an expert but it’s because in the first example the topic of the sentence is 공부, study so the topic marking particle is used. The main focus of the sentence is the study that he is asking about so 공부하는 거는 claims the topic marker .

      In the second example, it is the object because it is the object of what he likes doing so the topic is him 저는 (topic marking particle) and the object is chit chatting 수다떠는 거를 (object marking particle) because it is the thing being liked.

      I’m not sure if that helped, but I hope it did.

      It takes a bit of practice to understand all the particles since we don’t have them in English but I’m sure you’ll get it soon!! 화이팅!!

  • SuperDuper

    Question, from what i just learned, would “너를 사랑하는거 알아요?” be do you know i love you?

    • A.L.

      Almost. “너” is informal Korean, so you’ll either want to drop that “-요” at the end or use something else, such as “당신”. (The use of the latter can be kind of complex, though, but if you’re telling someone you love them you’re probably intimate enough to use “당신”.)

    • SuperDuper


  • Brittney

    So how is this different from, “기”?

    • A.L.

      The -기 form of a verb can’t be used as in the examples used in this lesson. For example, you can say “I like that thing you’re buying” by using the -는 것 form: “저는 그사는 거를 좋아해요”, but you wouldn’t be able to do that with “기”.

  • A.L.

    우리 엄마는 혼자 요리하는 것 싫어요, 그레서 토요일에 하고 일요일에 아빠랑 같이 요리하고 있어요.

    Is my sentence structure alright?

  • Jixanh

    네, 여기 공부하는 거 좋아해요. (Yes, I like studying here.)
    제 취미는 자는 것이에요. (My hobby is sleeping.)
    그림하는 거는 어려워요? (Is drawing difficult?)

    IU – Palette (Lyrics)
    날 좋아하는 거 알아. (I know you like me.)

  • Ha Lam

    저는 먹는 거하고 자는 거를 촣아해요!
    I like eating and sleeping

  • 이상민

    먹을 것있어요? 제 친구가 곧 올 거니까요. is there anything to eat? because my friend is coming soon