Level 2 Lesson 20 / have to, should, must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다


안녕하세요! We are learning another great sentence pattern to know in this lesson! Listen in and find out how to say that you “have to” do something or something “should” be done. And after listening to the lesson and checking out the PDF, let us know what you have to do, in Korean!

여러분, 뭐 해야 돼요? What do you have to do?

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

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Level 2 Lesson 20 / have to, should, must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
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  • Abbie

    Is there no difference between should, must and have in korean?

  • The Deadly Bean

    isn’t it “공부해여야 되요” ? As the 하다 verb stem is followed with -여 야 돼요? Not trying to sound like a know it all but i just wanted to make sure.

  • Ivis Benavides

    Hello I only found a couple mistakes.
    내일 학교는 시작한을 거예요.그래서 오늘 저는 잘쉬야 돼요 –> 내일 학교는 시작할 거예요.그래서 오늘 저는 잘 쉬어야 돼요

    Remember the rule for future tense is verb stems ending in a vowel are followed by ㄹ 거예요 so 시작하다 –> 시작할 거예요.
    Also it should be 쉬어야 돼요 since the rule is verb stems not ending in vowels ㅏ or ㅗ you add 어야 되다/하다

    To say “I want to go to Korea, but I have to save money first” would be 저는 한국에 가고 싶어요. 그렇지만 먼저 돈 절약해야 돼요

    Also, 먹었었어요 —> 먹었어요
    I’m also learning myself so I could be wrong.

    • salsal

      Thank you so much!!! I love when people correct my senteces.
      I will rewrite my sentences in a notebook and try to practice more

  • Chess8Ko

    I have to go home
    집에 가야 돼요
    What should I do?
    뭐가 해야 돼요?
    Until when should I be here?
    언제 까지 여기에 있어 야 돼요?
    Who should I give this to?
    누구한테 이거 줘야 돼요?
    Where should I buy it?
    어디에서 사야 돼요?

  • ryebun17

    1. 지금 공부해야 되요.
    2. 친구랑 바다에 가고 싶어요, 그런데 남자친구 만나야 되요.
    3. 사과 먹어야 해요. 저는 안 촣아해요, 맛없어요.

    1. I have to study now.
    2. I want to go to the sea with my friend but I have to meet my boyfriend.
    3. I should eat an apple. But I don’t like them, they’re not tasty.

  • Nguyen Thu Cuc

    오후 8시후에 쓰레기를 버려야되요./ I have to through out the trash after 8pm.

  • Montato91

    How do you say “it’s okay to speak Korean?” For example, if the person tries to speak English and the English speaker says “it’s okay you can speak Korean”

    • fluffyunicorn

      한국어로 말해도 돼요. 🙂

    • Montato91

      감사합니다 😀

  • Ami Jong Hyun

    한국어는 공부해야 돼요

    • fluffyunicorn

      (저는) 한국어를 공부해야 돼요. 🙂

    • Ami Jong Hyun

      아 맞아 .. 감사합니다 ^_^

  • Sneaky15

    Sorry if you said this, I didn’t quite get it. What is the difference of when you use 야 뒤다 and 야 하다? Like, when would you use 야 뒤다 or 야 하다? Thanks!!

    • luna

      야 되다 is just more commonly used than 야 하다 🙂

    • Sneaky15

      Ok thanks!!

  • Clara Galacho

    지금 먹고 쉬어야 돼요