Level 2 Lesson 3 / and, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

Hello everyone, we are back with another lesson! Like many languages in the world, there are many conjuctions in the Korean language. In this lesson we are introducing two of them: 그리고 and 그래서. 그리고 [geu-ri-go] has the meaning of “and” and “and then”, depending on the context. 그래서 [geu-rae-seo] has the meaning of “therefore” and “so”. If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

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Level 2 Lesson 3 / and, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
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  • Sulekha

    저는 피곤해요 그래서 지금 잘 거예요
    = I’m tired, so im going to sleep now.

    Is that correct? I feel there should be an object particle in there somewhere:/

  • Nermine Mohamed

    i have a question : why did you say 저는 학생이에요. 그래서 돈이 없어요.
    and not 저는 학생이에요. 그래서 돈를 없어요.
    and can we just say 저는 학생이에요. 그래서 돈 없어요.
    can you please explain ?

    • Maureen Pavlik

      A native Korean speaker should probably correct me on this if my understanding is not right but I think it has to do with 있다 and 없다 being passive verbs, if that makes sense, versus active verbs like 보다, 먹다, 시다 etc.

    • ZeR0Neon

      Exactly. I have the same thought.

    • Larry Aaron

      Maureen is correct about it being related to the verbs “있다” and “없다”

      This is something that confused me at first too, but it is another exception to the rule. When using the verb to have or don’t have (있다 & 없다), what you are talking about is followed with “이” or “가”. For example:

      돈이 없어요. (I) don’t have money. or There is no money.
      사과가 있어요. (I) have an apple. or There is an apple.

      If you want to declare who has the money or apple, you can use the topic particle marker “는” or “은”.

      우리 어머니는 돈이 있어요. My mother has money.
      제 친구는 사과가 없어요. My friend doesn’t have an apple.

  • Maureen Pavlik

    한국에 가고싶어요. 그래서 한곡어를 공부애요.
    I want to go to Korea so I am studying Korean.

    오널 파스타 그리고 토마토, 버섯,니금치 크림소스를 열리했어요.
    Today I made (cooked) pasta and a tomato, mushroom, spinach cream sauce.

    • Kieran McKenzie

      Almost!
      Be careful with your 애요 and 해요 in the first one.

      오늘 = today
      요리핬어요 = cooked

  • ZeR0Neon

    Why use 돈이 없어요?
    I (Subject) don’t have (Verb) money (Object).
    Shouldn’t it be 돈을 없어요?

    • Larry Aaron

      This is something that confused me at first too, but it is another exception to the rule. When using the verb to have or don’t have (있다 & 없다), what you are talking about is followed with “이” or “가”. For example:

      돈이 없어요. (I) don’t have money. or There is no money.
      사과가 있어요. (I) have an apple. or There is an apple.

      If you want to declare who has the money or apple, you can use the topic particle marker “는” or “은”.

      우리 어머니는 돈이 있어요. My mother has money.
      제 친구는 사과가 없어요. My friend doesn’t have an apple.

    • ZeR0Neon

      Thank you!

  • Cristina Martín

    한국을 가고싶어요, 그래서 한국어 너무 공부해요!

  • Cristina Martín

    나는 쇼핑 엄마랑 갔어요, 그리고 김치를 샀어요.

  • Cristina Martín

    요즘사람들 너무 피곤해요, 그래서 이 사람들 슬픈 이애요.

  • Cristina Martín

    한국어 배우다 너무 재미있어요 그리고 어렵다.

    • mengshachen

      You need to conjugate 어렵다 (to be difficult), to be 어려워요.

  • Ian Victor B. Gabon

    안녕하세요. 오늘 저는 슈퍼마켓에 갈 거예요 그리고 저는 계란이랑 토마토랑 당근이랑 사과랑 포도 주스를 살 거예요.

    나중에, 저는 영화 볼 거예요 그리고 저는 한국식당에 갈 거예요 그래서 한국음식 먹을 거에요. 불고기랑 삼겹살이랑 김치가 맛있어요.

    저는 한국음식을 사랑해요.

    안녕히계세요.

  • 쿠미

    오늘은 너무 뜨거웠어요. 그래서 집에서 있었어요.
    Today it was really hot so I stayed at home.
    저는 친구를 만났어요. 그리고 영화를 봤어요.
    I met a friend and (we) watched a movie.

    • mengshachen

      In a Korean textbook I read that “뜨겁다” usually refers to things being hot to the touch, not the weather.
      To express the weather being hot, you should use 덥다, i.e. 오늘은 더웠어요.

    • 쿠미

      Thank you!

  • Chess8Ko

    I like coffee, bread and water
    커피, 빵 그리고 물 처하요.
    I met a friend and we ate a meal together
    친구를 만났어요 그리고 가치 밥 먹었어요
    It rains today so I stay home
    오늘은 비가 왔어요 그래서 집에 있어요
    Kimchi is delicious and it is korean food!
    김치는 맛있어요 그리고 한국 음직 이에요
    I am a student. And I am studying french.
    저는 학생 이에요.그리고 프랑스어를 공부해요.
    I am a student so I don’t have money
    저는 학생이에요. 그래서 돈이 없어요
    Kimchi is delicious so I eat a lot of Kimchi
    김치는 맛있어요. 그래서 김치를 많이 먹어요

    • ~ Victoria ~

      The first sentence should be corrected to “커피, 빵, 그리고 물 좋아요.” The verb for “to like” is “좋다”, so the conjugated form in the present tense polite form is “좋아요.”

    • HSK

      저는 커피, 빵 그리고 물을 좋아해요.
      친구를 만나서 같이 밥 먹었어요.
      김치는 맛있는 한국 음식이예요.

  • Moka

    저 너무 좋아해요 this lesson! I hope you’ll make level 10 soon, because I am studying a lot and I’ll finish all 9 levels really fast 😀

  • Julian Urazan

    저는 한국어를 정말 좋아요 그래서 한국에 가요 십어요… that sounds normal?

  • four

    My Korean is not that good, therefore I’ll continue (writing) in English.
    저는 한국어 잘 못해요. 그래서 저는 영어로 계속 될거야.
    Is that correct? I’m not sure about the last part…

  • MadChil

    폴란드 사람이에요. 그래서 폴란드어 말해요.
    늦게예요. 그리고 수면을 갈 거예요.
    일을 끝냈어요. 그래서 집에 갈 거예요.

  • Pia Crdn

    안녕하세요 여러분! Was wondering if this makes sense: 저는 어제 음식을 많이 샀어요 그래서 지금 돈이 많이 없어요. 안습이다…

    정말 감사합니다! 건강하세요!

  • Kathy

    I notice that the sample Korean and English sentences in this lesson were formed with a full stop before the conjunctions. I have never formed my sentences like this in English. Is this usual when writing in Hangeul?

    ie,김치는 맛있어요. 그리고 한국 음식이메요.

    Kimchi is delicious. And it is Korean food. (English is my native language:) )

  • Jessie James

    저는 필리핀 사람이에요 그리고 한국이 공부해요.
    Can someone correct this please?