Level 3 Lesson 11 / ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

안녕하세요! Welcome back to TalkToMeInKorean.com! You have learned A LOT about verbs so far! You can now conjugate Korean verbs into many different forms! Great job so far everyone, and today we would like to introduce an exception in the Korean verb rules, which is called the “ㅂ irregular”. Well, it is not as difficult as it sounds. Listen in to find out more!

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Level 3 Lesson 11 / ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙
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  • Larissa Natsumi Miyaji

    Hello, I would like to know about the 고맙다
    verb, why does it become 고마워요?

    • Maybe 고맙다 is an exception… 🙂

    • Anna Le

      If the vowel before is NOT 오: ㅂ changes to 우
      And because you conjugate it to present tense you add 어요 which then becomes 워요 🙂

    • Seokjin Jin

      Thanks for your good explanation Anna Le! 🙂

  • I really like this sample sentence:

    • Anna Le

      짠자 쉬워요 ^ㅂ^

    • ^^

    • Seokjin Jin

      진짜 쉬워요. 🙂

    • 😀 Thanks again for your lessons!!! 😀 TTMIK Fighting!!! 😀

  • 사실은 이행하는 한국어 쉽지만 기억하는 한국말 어려워요 actauly understanding korean grammar is easy but memorizing korean words is difficult did I say it right in korean ???

    • KyungHwa Sun

      사실 한국어를 이해하는 것은 쉽지만 한국어 단어를 외우는 것은 어려워요.

  • Omnia Mohamed

    여러분 한국어를 정말 쉬워요 ^_^

  • Francesco Colléter

    친구와 함께 공부하면, 공부가 쉬워요

  • Katherine Traylor

    ㅂ 불규칙이 안 어려워요! 아마 한국어 불규칙이 ‘규칙’이에요. ^ ^ 영어 불규칙은 및여요. “웨 이럮해요?” “그냥…” 이 렜선을 준비 했서 너무 감사합니다! 😀

    • Seokjin Jin

      ㅎㅎㅎㅎ 맞아요. 어렵지 않죠?

  • 소피

    십이월 추워요, 그런데 여름 더워요.

  • VoldiPhil

    Merry Christmas guys! 🙂

    Short question: You leave the ㅂ just when you attach a suffix that starts with a vowel. But what if you have a suffix, where you have a “version” with and without a vowel first, like the future suffixes that either start with a 을 or ㄹ?

    thanks 🙂

    • Jan

      If you check the PDF notes from Level 3 Lesson 14, the verb 어렵다 becomes 어려운 as an adjective. So that’s 어려 + 우 + 은. “-ㄴ” is not the suffix because 어렵 originally ends with a consonant. TTMIK teachers, what do you guys think? 🙂

    • Seokjin Jin

      Because 어렵다 is effected by ㅂ irregular rule when it is conjugated, the ㅂ changes to 우.

      If the vowel before ᄇ is 오, you change ᄇ to 오.
      If the vowel before ᄇ is not 오, you change ᄇ to 우.

    • KyungHwa Sun

      When you attach a suffix that starts with a CONSONANT, you leave the ㅂ. The suffixes like -(으)ㄹ or -(으)ㄴ, you need to consider them the suffix that starts with a vowel.

    • VoldiPhil

      okay, thank you 🙂

  • Jan

    덥은 날씨 너무 미워요. 춥은 날씨 조아하늘 것 같아요.

    “I really hate hot weather. I think I will like cold weather.”

    • KyungHwa Sun

      더운 날씨 너무 싫어요. 저는 추운 날씨를 좋아하는 것 같아요.

    • Jan

      Thank you for the correction, 경화 선생님!

  • Holger

    ㅂ-irregularity는 안 어려워요. 쉬워요.

  • Diana Artunduaga Osorio

    TTMIK에서 공부하면, 한국어 공부가 쇠워하고 재미있어요!

    TTMIK이 너무 좋아해요! 🙂

  • Koreabound

    Why do descriptive verbs use the conjugated form when being changed to a noun?
    ex: 어렵다=어려운 것
    I understand we need to use the past form to change descriptive verbs to nouns but that doesn’t make the suffix begin with a vowel since the suffix still beings with a ㄴ. I guess if we were to add the suffix to the unconjugated form the suffix would begin with 은 which is a vowel, thus forcing us to use the conjugated form.

    But then what about when adding the (으)면 suffix? Why would 돕다 become 도우면 rather than 돕으면?

    I’m so confused!!

    • Seokjin Jin

      Yeah, it must be confusing. But I hope you note that languages always have irregular rules, like below.

      눕-/굽-/줍-+-으면 → 누우면/구우면/주우면
      돕-+-아 → 도와
      돕-+-으면 → 도우면

  • Matt

    저는 케이크 굽고 싶어요. = I want to bake a cake.
    이 레슨 안 어려웠어요. = This lesson is not difficult.
    그 개는 저를 씹었어요! = That dog bit me!

    감사합니다 for the lesson!

    • Seokjin Jin

      “씹다” 라는 표현보다 “물다”라는 표현을 써야 돼요.

      그 개는 저를 씹었어요! > 그 개는 저를 물었어요.

      씹다 = to chew

  • 나탈리아

    한국어 공부가 별로 안 아려워요. 너무 재미있어요. 🙂

  • Esat Armağan Kaymaz

    저는 이 문제가 쉬웠어요.

    This problem was easy for me.

  • Peter

    내일 날씨가 더울 것 같아서, 아마 재킷을 안 입을 거예요.
    It looks like the weather will be hot tomorrow, so I probably won’t wear a jacket.

  • Asha

    어제 케이크 구었어요
    Yesterday I baked a cake

    이 방이 조금 좁아요
    This room is a little narrow

  • 파비안 (Fabian)

    음식이 너무 맵면, 먹을 수 없어요.

    오늘은 더워요. 그래서 친구들하고 호수에서 수영해요.

  • Sena Rainey

    돕고 십어요.
    I want to help.

  • Marina Tetelin


    This summer is very hot.

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    I have this basic doubt— How do we know when there will be an exception in such irregularities. Is it limited to few words or there is some rule to differentiate them? Well, I have some sample sentences. Correct me if it has any mistakes.

    1)My mom is going to bake cake for my birthday
    – 제 엄마가 저 셍일 위헤 캐이크 구을 거예요

    2) It’s very spicy, but I like it
    -이것 너무 맵는대, 좋아헤요

    3)Iam going to wear this for party
    -저는 파티로 이것 입을 거예요

    TTMIK, 감사합니다 . 제가 이 레벨은 빨리 큰하고 싶어요

  • Marty Oestreicher

    I noticed that the verbs that do not change such as 잡다 do seem to be irregular in the imperative. Why is it 잡으세요 instead of 잡세요? Also in one of the examples, the noun form of studying is 공부가. Did we cover this form in our previous lessons. 감사합니다.

    • 잡으세요 – You don’t change ㅂ because 잡다 is regular. So you then add -으세요 since ㅂ is a consonant. It is incorrect to say ‘자우세요,’ and ‘잡세요.’
      공부가 – it’s ok to say just 한국어 공부 for ‘Korean study/ studying Korean’ since 공부 is already a noun which is ‘study.’ And 가 is the subject marker. I think either way is fine, but it’s simpler to omit 하다.
      You’re comment was a year ago, but hopefully it helped. ^^

  • TinaMusicFairy

    Isn’t 어렵다 an adjective?

  • TinaMusicFairy

    aren’t 어렵다 and 쉽다 adjectives?

    • JooyeonPark

      “어렵다” and “쉽다” can be considered as descriptive verbs.

    • TinaMusicFairy

      so, are adjectives different from descriptive verbs? or are they the same?

  • Malori Green

    언니, 이거 너무 어려워요! 지금 뭇해요!

    뭐 입을 거예요, 치마?
    아니요, 내일 너무 추울 거예요.

  • faiza

    돕는 것 고마워요 >> thank you for helping
    당신은 너무 시끄러워요 , 제발 조용하세요 >> you are too noisy , be quiet please
    이 가방이 너무 무거워요 >> this bag is too heavy
    이 영화가 미워요 , 다른 영화 보자 >> i hate this movie , let’s see an other one
    공은 빨리 잡으세요 >> catch the ball quickly
    선생늠들 도와주세요

  • Carrie G

    In the Level 3 workbook, Section III – Comprehension, I get that the descriptive verbs drop the ㅂ and the action verbs don’t drop the ㅂwhen changing them into the noun forms. I am finding number 20 confusing, in that the definition for 밉다 is both “to hate” and “to be dislikeable.” Why isn’t the noun
    form 밉는 것 meaning “hating”? Can it be changed into the noun form both ways depending on the context?

    • Bianca Lima

      The ㅂ is dropped only when the suffix that follows it starts with a vowel, like 아요/어요 for example. Since -는 것 is a suffix that starts with a CONSONANT, the ㅂ stays on the verb stew. You’ve probably figured this out already since the comment was made 2 months ago but I hope that helps anyway ^^

  • 감사합니다

  • Bianca Lima

    On the sample sentence 서울은 겨울에 정말 추워요, would it be wrong to write “서울에” instead of “서울은” since one of the -에 particles would be indicating a place and the other one would be indicating time? I’ve been taught that you can use them twice on the same sentence if each of them is indicating different things.

  • 야신

    저 아기는 너무 귀여워요 (That baby is very/so cute).
    귀엽다 –> 귀여워요

  • McKenzie Rodwell

    – 엄마랑 언니 너무 아름다와요. 🙂
    – 밖으로 너무 주워요!

    • 아름다와요 -> 아름다워오
      주워요 -> 추워요

    • McKenzie Rodwell

      thank you 🙂

  • 이 집 김치찌개가 아주 매워요. = This place’s kimchijjigae is very spicy.
    나는 아름답지 않아~ = I’m not pretty.
    한국어 수업을 도와 주시겠어요? = Can you help me with Korean homework?

  • Misk

    어제 엄마는 케이크 를 구워서 이 케이크 가 너무 맛있어서 저는 다 먹었어요.