Level 3 Lesson 13 / Making adjectives (Part 2) / descriptive verbs + -ㄴ 명사

안녕하세요! Welcome to another fun lesson at TalkToMeInKorean.com! Today in this lesson, we are looking at how to make adjectives out of Korean verbs. In Korean, all the “adjectives” are basically “descriptive verbs”. Please listen in to find out more about it


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Level 3 Lesson 13 / Making adjectives (Part 2) / descriptive verbs + -ㄴ 명사
  • 나탈리아

    그 남자는 학교에 유명한 학생이에요.
    That boy is a popular student at school.

    우리는 편안한 소파만 사고 싶어요.
    We want to buy just a comfortable sofa.

    집에 넓은 방 있어요?
    Do you have a wide room at home?

    TTMIK 감사합니다!

  • Mary Han

    I listen to TTMIK in the morning too (= By the way, can anyone tell me where is Part 1 of making adjectives as the heading says Part 2?

  • Esat Armağan Kaymaz

    그는 강인한 선수에요.
    He’s an athletic player.

  • Peter

    큰 서점 앞에서 저를 만나 주세요. 저는 빨간 모자, 하얀 티셔츠, 그리고 청바지 입고 있어요.
    Please meet me in front of the large bookstore. I’m wearing a red hat, white t-shirt and blue jeans.

    • Samuel Goh Kang Zheng

      Take note. There are various ways of saying to wear in Korean. You may want to refer to TTMIK videos for a more accurate pronounciation. Recently, they did a video explaining the different ways to say ” wear” in Korean.

      모자 쓰다.

      청바지,티셔츠 입다.

    • Peter

      아, 진짜요? 몰랐는데요. 그럼, 그 영상을 볼게요.

      사무엘 씨, 감사합니다!

  • César Duarte

    내 여자친구 예뻐요
    리오 예쁜 도시예요 (Rio de Janeiro is a beautiful city)

  • Jeeztiff

    이 주는 바쁜 주가 됐어요.
    This was a busy week

  • 산티아고

    한국어는 아름다운 언어입니다.
    Korean is a beautiful language.

  • Katie Garcia

    오늘 어두운 사무실에서 일해요. 조명은 작동하지 않기 것 같아요.
    Today I work in a dark office. I think the lights are not working.

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    Sample sentences

    1) I have a red rose plant at my home
    – 제 집에서 빨강은 장미 식물 있어요

    2) There is a very long queue in front of the theater
    -국장 앞에 너무 긴 큐가 있어요

  • Nawal

    (I know A very good restaurant, shall we go there tomorrow? )
    너무 좋은 식당 알아요, 우리는 내일 이 식당에 갈 게요?

    • Amina :)

      isn’t it more accurate if you say 너무 좋은 식당 알아요, 우리는 내일 이 식당에 갈까요?

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    A little bit of k-pop

    I got a boy 멋진
    I got a boy 착한

  • 인영

    그 예쁜 집은 진짜 비싸요!

  • Dania Freih

    경은 씨는 정말 예쁜 선생님이에요.
    현우 씨는 진짜 재미있는 선생님이에요.

  • yourippehdees

    이커피가 너무 작은 같아요.
    This coffee seems too small.

    그는 근 사이즈 소고기 라면을 주문 해도 다 안 먹었어요.
    Even though he ordered the large beef ramen, still he didn’t eat all of it.

    긴 다리 하고 엷은얼굴 너무 키 큰 같아요.
    Her long legs and thin face make her seem very tall.

  • Malori Green

    좋은 식당 알아요?

    여기 이상한 가게 봤어요.

    나한테 왜 다른 사람이예요?!

  • faiza

    시끄러운 사람이에요 >> he is a noisy person
    나는 매운 음식 잘 먹어요 >> i eat spicy food well
    무서운 영화가 싫어요 >> i hate scary movies
    단순한 천을 좋아요 >> i like simple clothes
    넓은 마음 있어요 >> i have a wide mind i have an open mind ” in a different way to say ”
    성생님들 도와주세요 ^^

    • Ariel Yang

      그는 시끄러운 사람이에요.
      저는 매운 음식을 잘 먹어요.
      저는 무서운 영화를 싫어해요.
      저는 단순한 or 심플한 옷을 좋아해요.
      저는 넓은 마음을 가지고 있어요./ 저는 열린 마음을 가지고 있어요.

  • 해빈

    i think the title of this lesson is wrong!!! i can’t find part 1

  • 감사합니다

  • Harvey Rivas Potot

    -비싼 지갑을 절대 안 사요.
    -어제 여자친구랑 부산행라는 재미있는 영화를 봤어요.
    -저는 단 걸 좋으니까 이가 아파져도 많이 먹어 버려요.

  • 암알

    1-그 사과가 카요 ==> ( 크다 is a descriptive verb here )
    –그 큰 사과 먹고 싶어요 . ==> (크다 is an adjective here )
    2- 그 차가 비싸요 ==> ( 비싸다 is a descriptive verb here )
    — 저는 그 비싼 차 사요 ==> (비싸다 is an adjective here )

    what do you think ^_^ ?

  • 야신

    더러운 손 씻고 있어요. (I’m washing my dirty hands).
    저는 부드러운 소파 위에서 앉았어요. (I sat on a soft sofa).

    • Seokjin Jin

      잘 썼어요! 틀린 부분이 없네요. ^^

    • 야신


  • اسماء

    무겁은 개예요. It’s a heavy dog.

  • McKenzie Rodwell

    저는 예쁜 옷 입어요. i wear beautiful clothes

    please correct me if i’m wrong. 🙂

  • Nhoc Nhoc

    중학교 공부할 때 예쁜 여자친구 있었어요.
    When i studied in secondary school, I had a beautiful girlfriend
    떠거운 커피 마시는 것 좋아해요.
    I’d like to drink hot coffee
    한국음식 다 맛있는 음식이에요
    For me, all of Korean food is delicious

  • 이상민

    이런 더운 날씨에 시원한 곳으로 가는 거 어때요? for a hot weather like this, how about we go to a cooler place?

  • A.L.

    이번 주말에 저는 엄마랑 같이 큰 케이크을 굽을 거예요. 저 게이크점에 사면 너무 비싸요.

    • Ariel Yang

      이번 주말에 저는 엄마랑 같이 큰 케이크를 구울 거예요. 저 케이크점에 사면 너무 비싸요.

  • Farzam Habib Khan

    이렇게 뚱뚱한 여자와 결혼 한거에요? ㅋㅋㅋ 그냥 샘플 문장이에요 ㅎㅎ

  • Trinity Pate

    정말 감사합니다!! 너무 좋은 수업이었어요!!

    Practice sentences:

    아름다운 여자는 진짜 바빠서 너한테 이야기 할 수 없어요 – The beautiful girl is really busy so she can’t talk to you
    긴, 지루한 여행 2시쯤이었어요 – The long, boring trip was about two hours
    무거운 컵을 주세요 – Please give me the heavy cup

    • Duaa

      hey Trinity ! 🙂
      I think you did a great job in your practice sentences above! 🙂 BUT I have a question about the rule you have used in sentence 1 + 3
      I mean:
      The verb form of the the descriptive verb: 아름다운 Is: 아름답다 which means: to be beautiful
      The verb form of the descriptive verb 무거운 Is: 무겁다 which means: to be heavy
      It reminds me of the “ㅂ irregular” which we learned in lesson 11 level 3, But maybe It’s not..
      I think the rule of this kind of descriptive verbs is to change ㅂ to 운…. But I’m not sure about it.. Can you please make it clear ?

      Thank you ! 🙂

  • Duaa

    1) 작은 텔레비전 아니라 큰 텔레비전을 살거에요.
    I would buy a big television, not a small one.

    2) 짠 음식 안좋아해요.
    I do not like salty food.

  • Trinity

    Hi Duaa,

    Thank you!!

    Yes, I think that’s right! The ‘ㅂ’ irregular has two main rules:

    If the vowel before ㅂ is 오, then you remove the ㅂ and add 오
    E.g. – 돕다 –> 도와요 (take off ㅂ and add 오 + 아요 (present tense ending))

    If the vowel before ㅂ is not 오 (i.e. Any other vowel), then you remove ㅂ and add 우
    E.g – 귀엽다 —> 귀여워요 (take off ㅂ and add 우 + 어요 (present tense ending))

    화이팅 ^_^

  • Chess8Ko

    It’s a good idea
    좋은 생각예요
    He’s a strange person
    이상한 사람 이에요
    Do you have a smaller bag?
    더 작은 가방 있어요?
    I want to drink some cold coffee
    시원한 커피 마시고 싶어요
    He is a bad person
    나쁜 사람 이에요

  • ryebun17

    1. 요즘에 춘 날씨는 촣아요.
    2. 이 겁먹은 사람 돕고 싶어요.
    3. 작은 강아지 진짜 귀여워요!
    4. 학교에 여동생이 더 조용해요.
    5. 이 레몬주스 너무 셔요, 못 마셔요.

    1. I like the cold weather recently.
    2. I want to help this person who is scared.
    3. The small puppy is really cute!
    4. At school my little sister is more quiet.
    5. This lemon juice is too sour, I can‘t drink it.

    (Pls correct me if I made a mistale 감사해요) 🙂

  • ryebun17

    1. 제 어머니 아름다운 여자이에요. (?)
    2. 친구는 멋있고 18 살이에요.
    3. 저기 나무위에 작은 다람쥐 있어요. 귀여워요!

    1. My mother is a beautiful woman.
    2. My friends are cool and they are 18 years old.
    3. Over there on the tree there‘s a little squirrel. It‘s cute!

    (Pls correct me if you see some mistakes 고마워요! 🙂

  • li

    Whoa, this has always been a mystery to me, haha. Correct me if I’m getting the idea wrong, but if you’re using the “descriptive verbs” as adjectives, then you’ll have to put them before the nouns: 이거 예쁜 꽃이에요. (This is a pretty flower.)
    But when you want to use them as verbs, then just like all of the other verbs, then it has to be at the end of the sentence. Or at least after the noun: 이 꽃을 예뻐요. (This flower is pretty.)

    • Ivis Benavides

      Yep that’s right. By the way it should be “이 꽃은(이) 예뻐요” since 예쁘다 is a descriptive verb and doesn’t act on an object.

    • li

      Oooh, yeah. I just realized that, omg. So, does that mean that if a verb is an action verb, I’ll have to attach object-marking particles with the nouns, right? But if it’s a descriptive verb, topic/subject-marking particles would be more of a fitting? I’m sorry for the bombard of questions; It’s just that I’m still bad with these particles so I’m just trying to have a way to easily know which one to use, lol.

    • Ivis Benavides

      Yea I also have some trouble with them myself so I can’t tell you with 100% certainty since this is a pretty confusing topic. But yea if it is a descriptive verb you should never see an object marking particle since this particle requires an action verb. Even when using an action verb though you can still have topic/subject marking particles for example:
      제가 사과를 좋아해요 – I like apples

      If we end up switching the particles the sentence would completely change:
      저를 사과가 좋아해요 – Apples like me

      So when using subject marking particles with action verbs I like to think of it as marking the person or thing that does the action. When used with descriptive verbs it just marks what your trying to describe. So deciding between object marking particles and topic/subject marking-particles is not that difficult the real hard part in my opinion is between 은/는 and 이/가. Hope this helps a bit. If anyone sees any mistakes please feel free to correct me.

    • li

      This doesn’t help a bit, it help a lot. Thank you so much for explaining. You didn’t have to, but you still did. Really, thank you.

  • Pat

    저 범죄도시 영화를 봤어요. 캐릭터는 장첸씨 나쁜 사랑이에요.
    Trying to say: I watched the movie, ‘Outlaws’. The character Jang Chen is a bad person.