Level 3 Lesson 14 / Making adjectives / action verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

안녕하세요 ^^! We are back with another lesson on making adjectives out of verbs in Korean. And today, we are looking at how to change action verbs into adjectives. Basically when you add the suffix -는 after a verb stem, it becomes an adjective that can modify a noun. Listen in to find out more about it, and be sure to check out the PDF as well!

Thank you! 감사합니다 ^_^

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Level 3 Lesson 14 / Making adjectives / action verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사
  • 인영

    지금 공부하고 있는 외국어 한국어예요.

    • Gabi Rosmari

      한국어 공부하고 있는 외국인이에요

  • 인영

    그 집에 사는 사람은 이상해요.

  • Yuyi

    제가 파란 이것는 있고 싶어요.
    I want to have the blue one.

    Is this right?? I’m really unsure. :/

    • Seokjin Jin

      저는 파란 것을 갖고 싶어요 will be good.

  • yourippehdees

    A: 저기 혼자 먹는 여자 영화 스타 있 고 전화번호를 말했어요.
    B: 그래요? 안니요!
    A: 내 친자요 ㅡ 봐요. 대히나 – 여기요!
    C: 누가?
    A: 저는 천화번호를 말한 사람 이예요.
    C: 안이. 못했어.
    B: 에 – 고진말 해요
    A: 안이요 – 했어요!
    B: 언제요?
    A: 언제 피차 배달한 사람 였어요

  • Teleri

    요즘 가수는 좋아하는 가수 김현중예요.

    • JooyeonPark

      You can say 요즘 좋아하는 가수는 김현중이에요.

    • Teleri

      고맙습니다 !!!

  • Nicole

    이 영화는 내가 좋아하는 영화입니다! ^^

  • Rachel Tuazon

    How do you change a adjective into a verb? For example, I want to say “It’s really cold”, and I only know the adjective form of cold. Is there a way to conjugate it?

    • Gabi Rosmari

      춥다 you conjugate it to 추운
      추운 날이에요

    • 날씨가 너무 추워요.

  • Crystelle

    제가 좋아하는 가수는 샤이니예요 is this right XD

  • Malori Green

    제가 약속하는 사람이예요.

    저를 다 만지는 아이 있었어요.

    재 친구가 춤추는 사람들 안 알아요.

  • Sónia Alves

    안녕하세요, I believe there is a mistake in this lesson. Doesn’t “어렵다” mean “to be difficult”? In this lesson you mention it has “fun”… could you please clarify, thanks.

  • faiza

    내가 좋아하는 밴드는 엑소예요 >> the band i like is exo
    내가 먹고 있는 음식은 안 매워요 >> the food i’m eating is not spicy
    얘기하는 사람은 아버지예요 >> the person who is talking is my father
    제가 배우고 있는 언어는 한국이에요 >> the language i’m learning is korean
    나를 돕는 사람들은 내 성생님들이에요 >> The people who help me are my teachers
    고맙고 도와주세요 ^^

  • linnn

    이거 먹고 싶은 사람 있어요?
    맞 습니까?

  • can someone tell me the difference between these words please 🙂
    내가
    제가

    • Declan Mayer

      나 is simply ”I”
      내가 is 나 with the subject particle ‘가’ attached. 나 is changed to 내 for ease of pronunciation to become 내가.

      저 is a more formal way of saying ”I”.. and same as above, when attached to the subject particle becomes 제가.

      So the only difference between them is formality; with 저/제가 being more formal/polite.

    • 고마워

  • in the pdf file you wrote ” 일본어예요” !!

    • Sarah

      theres nothing wrong with that. 일본 means Japan. 일본어 means “japanese”. Since you say “i’m studying japanese” you use 일본어 + 예요 because it ends with a vowel.

  • 감사합니다

  • Harvey Rivas Potot

    -제가 매일 듣고 있는 음악은 Kpop이에요.
    -내 주 여자친구 생일이고 선물을 사 주고 싶은데 요즘 여자가 마음에 들은 액세서리는 뭔가요?

  • 암알

    1- 내가 노무 좋아하는 과일 딸기예요.
    i have a question : what if we were speaking about the past or the future ?
    ex : during the lesson they gave this example ==> -요즘 곰부하고 있는 외국어는 일본어예요 . ( here they used the present progressive right? , so my question is , what form woukd this sentence take if we say : the foreign language that i was studying in japenese . or : the foreign language that i will study in the future is japenese .

  • 야신

    큰 집 청소하고 있는 사람은 여자예요. (The person cleaning the big house is a woman).
    제가 팔고 있는 자동차는 녹색이에요. (The car I’m selling is green).

    • Seokjin Jin

      잘 썼어요!

      There is no mistake but it will be better if you add -을 after 큰 집. It will sound more clear.

    • 야신

      I will keep that in mind.

  • Aya

    요즘 듣고 있는 한국 노래 이에요 .

    • Sae

      요즘 듣고 있는 한국 노래예요. 좋아하눈 한국 노래 뭐 예요?

  • McKenzie Rodwell

    내가 요리하고 있는 음식 너무 더워요. the food i’m cooking is very hot.

  • 아맨다

    요즘 공부하고 있는 외국어는 한국어 그리고 중국어예요.

  • 이상민

    Question: so how are the (으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ used, like shown in the title?

    요즘에 자주 듣는 노래는 혁오예요. the song that i listen to lately and frequently is 혁오.

    • -(으)ㄴ is used for past tense. I’m not sure about -(으)ㄹ but i assume it’s for future tense.
      어제 앤디 씨가 먹은 음식이 떡갈비예요. = The food that Andy ate yesterday was teok-galbi.
      오늘 아침에 들은 (ㄷ irregular) 노래가 좋아요. = The song I listened to this morning was good.
      수연 씨가 만든 (ㄹ irregular) 국이 너무 매워요. = The soup Sooyeon made is too spicy.

  • A.L.

    제가 노력하는 사람 뒤기만 해서 성공할 수 있어요. = If I only become a hardworking person, I’ll be able to succeed. / All I need to do is become a hardworking person, then I’ll succeed.

  • Farzam Habib Khan

    커피를 사지 않은 사람은 나쁜 사람이에요…ㅎㅎ
    요즘 좋아하는 가수 백현이요

  • Trinity Pate

    감사합니다!! 이 수업 조금 어려워서 무제를 만들은 것 같아요. Please let me know about any mistakes I made because I found this lesson quite hard to get my head around!!

    다운 날에는 바닷가에 갈까요? 여기 가까이에 좋아하는 바닷가는 있어요 – On a hot day, shall we go to the beach? Nearby to here there is a beach that I like

    제가 좋아하는 책은 별로 안 길어요 – The book I like is not really long

    TV에 저 있는 사람, 누구예요? – Who is that person on the TV?

    Thank you for everything that you do! TTMIK 사랑해요!!

  • Ha Lam

    제가 자주 먹는 식당 A 에서 이에요.
    The restaurant that I usually eat in is A

    • HSK

      제가 자주 가는 식당은 A예요.

    • Ha Lam

      using “가” will make my sentence more acceptable, thank you!

  • Sejal Jain

    현우씨를 좋아하는 사람 저에요 🙂

  • Chess8Ko

    This song is a song that I like
    이 노래는 제가 촣아하는 너래 예요
    Is there any korean food that you eat often?
    자주 먹는 한국음식 있어요
    Is there a cafe that you often go to?
    자주 가는 카페 있어요?
    Which singer do you like these days
    요즘 촣아하는 가수는 누구예요?
    The foreign language I am studying these days is Japanese
    요즘 공부하고 있는 외국어는 일본어예요
    On a day when it snows I want to see a movie
    눈이 오는 날에는 영화 보고싶어요
    That person who is over there, is it someone that you know?
    저기 있는 사람 아는사람 이에요?
    Anybody hungry?
    배고픈바는 사람?

  • Justyna Kowalska

    As a grammar-nazi, I have to say that these are actually not adjectives rather active adjectival participles. Realizing this made it much easier for me to learn, so I hope it will help others too (especially whose english is not their mother tongue) 🙂