Level 3 Lesson 29 / ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

안녕하세요, 여러분!  In this lesson, we are talking about the “ㅅ” irregular. If you feel like there are many irregular rules in Korean, don’t worry! This is the 4th irregular rule that we are introducing and there aren’t many more left. Have fun!

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Level 3 Lesson 29 / ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙
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  • Esat Armağan Kaymaz

    저는 이거 문장을 지었어요.
    I built this sentence.

    • Seokjin Jin

      When it comes to 문장, 만들어 is used but not 짓다.

      저는 이 문장을 만들었어요.

  • Matt

    그 마녀는 나무하고 뼈로 집 지었어요. = The witch built a house of wood and bone.
    와우, 이거 낫는 것 빠라요. = Wow, this is healing fast.
    언제 웃었는데, 제 심장 녹았어요. = When she smiled, my heart melted.

    감사합니다 for the lesson!

    • Seokjin Jin

      이거 낫는 것 빠라요. > 이거 빨리 나아요.
      언제 웃었는데, 제 심장 녹았어요.
      > 그녀가 웃었을 때, 제 심장이 녹았어요.

    • Matt

      For “그녀가 웃었을 때…” I understand that 때 means “time/moment” and so I suspect that: 웃었을 때… = “the moment [subject] smiled…”.

      Is this a general form => [verb stem] + -을 때 that works for all verbs? Do the following make sense?

      떨어졌을 때 = the time I fell
      소고기를 먹었을 때 = the time I ate beef
      이해했을 때 = the moment I understood

      Can it be used in other tenses as well?
      그녀가 볼 때 = “The moment she sees me.”
      그녀를 볼 거을 때 = “The moment I will see her.”

      감사합니다 for all the corrections! 매우 도움이에요! (Very helpful).

  • 애슐리

    Can you tell me what happened to the verb 나다 if I add

    는데 / -도 ( as in 물어도 ) / -면 / and – ㄹ까 (as in 갈까) ??
    bc you didnt say it… :/ pleasee ~

  • Peter

    제 이름은 아버지가 지었어요. 그리고 제 할아버지의 이름이에요.
    My father gave me my name. And it’s my grandfather’s name (i.e., I was named after my grandfather).

    밥을 먹기 전에 손을 씻으세요.
    Wash your hands before eating a meal.

  • 애슐리

    Can you tell me what happened to the verb 나다 if I add

    는데 / -도 ( as in 물어도 ) / -면 / and – ㄹ까 (as in 갈까) ??
    bc you didnt say it… :/ pleasee ~

    • Duaa

      낫다 + 는데 = 낫는데
      낫다 + -도 = 나어도 > you drop the 다 and add 어도 and because it’s a ㅅ irregular you have to drop the ㅅ too so it becomes: 나어도 = even if ishehe.. get(s) better…
      낫다 + -(으)면 = 나으면 > here because it ends with consonant we add 으면 but this verb is a ㅅ irregular, so we drop the ㅅ and it becomes: 나으면
      낫다 + -(으)ㄹ 까? = 나을까?

  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    1) Wash the fruits before you eat.
    – 과일을 먹기 전에 씻으세요

    2)You have to connect to the Wifi before using it.
    – wifi를 사영하기 전에 이어야 돼요

    3)I washed all my clothes yesterday
    – 어제 제 옷을 다 씻었어요


  • Sanjeeda Masroor

    In irregularities when we use -(아/어/여)요 or do we have to consider the irregular letter(르/브/ㄷ/ㅅ).

    낫다 + (아/어/여)요 = 나아요
    then shouldn’t
    낫다 + (으)ㄹ 거예요 = 날 거예요
    instead of 나을 거예요

    낫다 + (아/어/여)요 = 나아요
    (here we’re considering 나 to decide if we should go with (아/어/여))
    낫다 + (으)ㄹ 거예요 = 날 거예요(but here we are considering ㅅ to decide if we should go with (으/ㄹ)

    설명하 주세요! 감사합니다.

  • TinaMusicFairy

    I want to ask: is there a dictionary that can help us figure out whether a verb follows the irregular rule or not? 감사합니다 ^^

  • Hoang Oanh

    Dear Teacher,
    Audio Lesson 29 is lost and how can I contact with you?
    I am in Gwangju, Korea. Please give me your KKtalk number!

  • 감사합니다

  • why you wrote 잘 저으세요 instead of 잘 저세요 ?

  • 야신

    아버지랑 스페인에서 큰 집을 지을 거예요. (My father and / With my father I will build a big house in Spain).

    My only question is why I still need to add 을 instead of ㄹ after the ㅅ is dropped from the verb. The verb goes from 짓 to 지 and it now ends in a vowel.

    감사합니다 선생님!

  • Harvey Rivas Potot

    – 제 친구는 암을 앓고 있었는데 던분에 다 나았어요.
    – 이 점은 빨간 점에 연필으로 이어 주세요.
    – A씨: 나랑 같이 눈사람을 지을까?
    B씨: 응, 짓자. 재미있을 것 같애.
    – 이건 마시기 전에 잘 저으세요!

  • McKenzie Rodwell

    – 항상 손들을 떠난 후에 욕실에 씻어요. Always wash your hands after leaving the bathroom.
    – 저는 무릎 조금 저번주 다치게 했어요. 그렇지만 지금 나아요! i hurt my knee a little bit last week. But its better now!

  • Dae

    1. 이으면, 천재예요. – If you connect it, you’re a genius
    2. 우유가 저지 마세요. – Please don’t stir the milk
    3. 차기 전에 씻어 주세.요 – Before you go to sleep, please wash up.

    • BTS.-koi

      우유가 저지 마세요. —-> 우유를 저지 마세요.
      차기 전에 씻어 주세요. —-> 자기 전에 씻어 주세요.

    • Dae


  • 이상민

    이 것들 계석 이으면 멋있는 집을 지을 수있어. if you keep connecting these things a cool house can be built.

  • Ha Lam

    레몬주스을 자주 다 저어요 고 마셔요.
    I usually stir lemon juice before drink it

    • HSK

      저는 보통 레몬주스를 마시기 전에 먼저 저어요.

  • Chess8Ko

    Stir it well
    잘 저으세요
    I connected the two
    두 개를 이었어요
    Who built this house?
    이 집을 누가지었어요?
    I’m going to make a good name
    좋은 이름을 지을 거예요
    Did you recover from the cold?
    감기 다 나았어요?

  • ryebun17

    1. 어제는 남편의 신발을 씻고 싶었는데 이미 깔끔했어요.
    2. 두준아, 두통이 나면 영화관 가자!
    3. 이미 애기 이름을 지었어요?
    4. 잠깐만요, 신발 버은 다음에 방에 가요.

    1. As for yesterday, I wanted to wash my husbands shoes, but they were already cleaned.
    2. Dujun, if you have recovered from your headache, let‘s go to the cinema!
    3. Have you already give a name to the baby?
    4. Please wait a moment, after we put off our shoes we can go to my room.

  • 조슈아

    철수: 머리 아파.
    은재: 그 낫고 싶어?
    철수: 어.
    은재: 이것 의학이야. 너는 마시기 전에 저어야 돼.
    철수: 고마워~

    Cheol-soo: I have a headache.
    Eun-jae: Do you want it to be better?
    Cheol-soo: Yes.
    Eun-jae: This is some medicine. You have to stir it before you drink it.
    Cheol-soo: Thanks!

    • Ivis Benavides

      I believe 의학 means ‘medicine’ but in the sense of ‘medical science’ not the medicine you take to get better. That would 약.

  • Yuki

    – 제 할아버지께서 우리 집을 지었어요 (My grandfather built my house)
    – 요리하기 전에 손을 씻어요 (wash your hands before cooking)
    – 난 이미 내 더러운 옷을 벗었어요 소리 지르는 걸 멈추고 (I already took off my dirty clothes stop yelling)
    – 왜 울고 있어요? 웃어 주세요 슬프지 마세요 (Why are you crying? smile don’t be sad)
    – 독감에서 나으면 만약 밖에 가면 조심하세요 따뜻한 옷을 입으세요 (If you get over the flu, be careful when you go outside. Wear warm clothes)

  • Marcin Orlowski

    어제 저는 나았어는데 오늘 옷 벗어요 그리고 적나라한 숲에 가요ㅋㅋㅋㅋ 농담입니다 ㅎㅅㅎ
    I recovered yesterday, so today i’m going naked to forest hehe just kidding xd

    • BTS.-koi

      ㅋㅋㅋㅋ you are so creative:D

  • Mochi Chim

    How to know what are the other exceptions of irregularities?

  • Toni-ann Thompson

    주스를 마시기 전에 저어요.

  • Toni-ann Thompson

    웃으며, 저는 행복해요.

  • BTS.-koi

    예문을 했어요:
    1. 진안주에 감기 있었는데 어제부터 나아요. I had a cold last week but starting from yesterday I feel better.
    2. 매일 아침에 곡식이 저어요. Every morning I stir my cereals.
    3. 진짜? 어제 옷을 다 씻었어! Seriously? I washed all the clothes yesterday! (Angry mom)

    Please leave corrections 감사합니다 ^^