Level 3 Lesson 3 / in front of, behind, on top of, under, next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are looking at how to ask someone where someone or something is and also how to talk about relative locations like “in front of” “behind” “next to” “on top of” and “under”. Listen in to find out more!

And when you memorize new words in a foreign language, what do you do to help the words stick? We tried giving you some mnemonic tips for the words toward the end of the lesson. Let us know what you think!

감사합니다! ^^

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

Download PDF

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Go to the Grammar Curriculum page to see all of our grammar lessons.

We have a dialogue prepared in 100% Korean based on all the lessons in Level 3. If you want to check how much you can understand before studying all of the Level 3 lessons, try listening to the dialogue here.


Level 3 Grammar Textbook and Workbook

We’ve made the Level 3 lessons even better and published them as a grammar textbook! The grammar textbook itself is filled with very effective comprehension questions, but you can practice even further with our workbook for Level 3. Both are available now on our online bookstore.

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Level 3 Lesson 3 / in front of, behind, on top of, under, next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에
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  • nin

    – 캐스 어디 있어요?
    – 캐스? 뭐야? 몰라 그런데 니 침대 위에 고양이가 있어.
    – 캐스예요!
    – 아 진짜? 이름은 너무 이상해, 왜 그래
    만약 모르는 사람은 오면, 그 침대 밑에서 숨고 경찰을 불러야 돼요.
    오늘도 감사합니다!

  • tofik hidayat

    I just wanna say Thank You for TTMIK team. ;D 카르쳐 주셨서 감사합니다. 여기에 한국어를 공부하기 재미 있어요

  • celeste

    나무 밑에서 이민호씨 만났어요 ㅋㅋㅋ

  • 안심

    이고양이가 나무 위에서 자는 거 좋아해요

  • Gilbert Bangsi

    여자친구하고 같이 공원 앞에서 만나요

  • Trinity Pate

    Thank you for this lesson!!

    My practice sentences:

    나의 옆에서 오세요 – Please come to my side

    기차 위에서 매거진을 읽고 싶어요 – I want to read a magazine on the train

    돈이 있고 싶으면 은행 뒤에서 저를 만나야 돼요!! – If you want to have money, you must meet me behind the bank!!

  • 이상민

    너의 차 앞에까지 가줄게 (ill go with you until your car)

  • A.L.

    저는 이카페 뒤에서 제 남자진구랑 다른 여자를 봤어요. = I saw my boyfriend with another girl at the back of this café. (And this is how you know you’ve watched too many dramas, lol.)

    The word order seems kind of strange, though. Could someone please help me correct it if it’s unnatural?

  • Ha Lam

    우리 고양이를 찾고 있어요. 고양이가 자동차 밑에 있어요. 저는 앞에고, 친구1가 차뒤에 고, 두친구가 차옆에 고, 한친구가 친구가 차위에 있어요.
    We are catching a cat. The cat is under a car while I’m in front of it, one of my friends is behind the car, two of them are beside it and one more person is on top of the car.

  • Erika

    침대 위에서 한국어를 공부하고 있어요!

  • ナツ♥

    제가 현우오빠의 목소리 그리워서 2달 후에 한국어를 다시 공부하기 시작했다^^

    우라 강아지가 (아님 -를 인가?? ㅋㅋ) 내 옆에 자고 있어요~

  • Chess8Ko

    When are you going to meet your friend ?
    친구를 어디에서 만날거예요?
    I’m going to meet him in front of the bank
    은행 앞에서 만날거예요
    I’m going to meet him behind the bank
    은행 되에서 만날거예요
    I’m going to meet him beside the bank
    은행 옆에서 만날거예요
    I’m sleeping on the sofa
    소파 위에서 자고 있어요
    I’m reading a book under the tree
    책을 나무 밑에서 읽고 있어요

  • ryebun17

    1. 오늘밤에 나무 밑에서 남자친구를 만날 거예요.
    2. 초록색 풀 위에 소 2마리 있어요.
    3. 하얀색 구름 위에서 천사를 봐요.

    1. Tonight I’m going to meet my boyfriend under the tree.
    2. On the green gras there are two cows.
    3. I see an angel on top of the white cloud.