Level 2 Lesson 2 / object marking particles / 을, 를

안녕하세요. ^^ In this lesson, we are looking at the object marking particles. As we mentioned a few times through our previous lessons, there are different types of particles in Korean, and these particles (subject marking particles, topic marking particles, location marking particles, and so on) are what make it easy to understand Korean sentences, even when the word order changes.
If you have any questions, please feel free, as always, to leave us a comment! 감사합니다.

You can download both the PDF lesson notes and the MP3 audio track for this lesson below, and if you want to learn with our various textbooks and workbooks, you can get them on our online bookstore at MyKoreanStore.com. If you have any questions about this lesson, please leave us comments below!

Download PDF

Download MP3

Go to the Grammar Curriculum page to see all of our grammar lessons.

Level 2 Lesson 2 / object marking particles / 을, 를
Tagged on:             
  • Suga Swag

    친구하고 영화를 볼 거예요. (I will watch a movie with a friend.)
    은식을 만들어요. (I make food.)

    감사합니다!

    • Nana Atmaja

      Food is 은식 or 음식 ???

    • Suga Swag

      Oops that was a typo! It’s 음식.

  • Malori Green

    For the last example (텔레비전(을) 일주일에 몇 번 봐요?), does it matter where the words in between the object and verb go?

    Like, is it the same if I say 텔레비전을 몇 일주일에 번 봐요?

    Or 텔레비전을 몇 번 일주일에 봐요?

    감사합니다~~

    • arti

      In the second example, we know that “몇 번” means “how many times”. Now if we were to add something between the words “how many times” in English, it wouldn’t make sense. It’s the same thing with Korean, “몇 번” has to be together.

      In the third example, it’s understandable, but not correct. The particle “에” has to be written before everything else to be included in that week (일주일). If we were to write, “일주일에” after “몇 번” then we are not including “how many times” to “in a week”.

      I hope that helped.

  • Harvey Rivas Potot

    –> TTMIK책을 주문하고 싶은데 어떻게 하면 좋을까요?

  • Bennett Seacrist

    On the most recent “Running Man”, the team apologized to a former guest by giving him a basket of apples. They said something along the lines of “please accept our apology” and the subtitle mentioned that apology and apple were the same word. The moment I saw that I thought of this lesson. 🙂

  • Yerin

    Yes, “어제 뭐 했어요” is correct.

  • Skate4Ever10

    If I want to say “How many times a week do you exercise?”, would I say it like this 일주일에 몇 번 운동해요?

    • Jessie James

      운동을 일주일에 몇 번 해요. I think it should be like this.

  • Semitic akuma

    감사합니다

  • Zakiah Hafiz

    If I wanna say “How many times a week do you go shopping?”, would this be the right way to say it?

    쇼핑을 일주일에 몇 번 가요?

    • Kim h.t

      Thats right!

  • Towmiiee Famadewa

    Boys over flower . 보아요 고레구 I saw the apple scene and I just had to comment I don’t think I can write the rest in Korean soo but 경은 운니 랑 형우( I’m not sure how to write woo it’s confusing me ) 우빠 사랑해요 가르치오서요 감삽니다

    • Miriam Barattoni

      do you remember which episode?

  • Lei Mons

    한국어를 일주일에 몇 번 공부해요?
    체육관에서 일주일에 몇 번 운동해요?
    일주일에 몇 번 운동해요?

    • Rolando Amir Mirabal Hinojosa

      잘 했어요!
      책을 일요일에 몇 번 읽어요?
      기타를 일요일에 몇 번 연주해요?

  • celeste

    how to differentiate where to use topic marking, subject marking and object marking particles? ><

    • Jessie James

      Yea how? Help us *crying

    • Alicia

      -Subject is what is doing the verb. For example, if you were to say “the book is good,” the verb is to be good and the book is ‘being good’
      -Object is what the object is acting upon. For example, if you were to say “I’m going to eat an apple,” ‘I’ am doing the now so I’d be the subject but the verb, to eat, it being done on the apple.
      -Topic is what the sentence is about. It basically means, “speaking about…” An example would be “hakkyo eseo(neun) Anna(ga) suhak(eul) kongbuhaeyo.” which means “Speaking about what is going on at school, Anna is studying math.”

      Sorry about the Romanization, the Korean keyboard on my laptop isn’t working. I hope this helped if it wasn’t too late

  • Somaᶰᶥᵐ ♥ 希

    내가 피자를 먹걸 거예요. – I’m going to eat Pizza
    집에서 티비를 봐요. – I’m watching TV at home

    책을 읽었어요 – I Read a book

    • A.L.

      내가 is informal while the -요 ending is semi-formal. You’ll want to use 저 instead, unless you want to switch to informal speech.

      Otherwise the sample sentences are fine, but the 를/을 in these cases are not necessary since the meaning is obvious from the word order.

  • Lim Minhyo

    안녕하세요 ~~

  • Ha Lam

    Hello TTMIK, this morning I found the audio file in TTIMK app didn’t show up, could you check and fix it?
    Thank you for lovely lessons. 🙂

  • Alice Star

    I wish the “meeting” example was written up on the worksheet.

    • Sneaky15

      Me too.

    • Vicky Palaisy

      I’m pretty sure this is it, but i’m still learning so if this is not correct, someone please tell me ! ^^
      – 만났어요? // Did you meet ?
      – 누구 만났어요? // Who did you meet ?
      – 어제 여기에서 누구 만났어요? // Who did you meet here yesterday ?
      In this sentence, 누구 and 만났어요 are still close to each other, are still together, so you don’t really have to use an object marking particle. But in a different situation, you might want to emphasize 누구 and use it in another part of the sentence.
      – 어제 누구를 여기에서 만났어요? // Yesterday, who did you meet here ?
      This sentence means the same thing, but since the word order has changed and 누구 is now far away from 만났어요, it’s better to add 를 so that the meaning of the sentence is very clear.

  • Chess8Ko

    What did you do yesterday ?
    어제 뭐를 했어요?
    I watch TV
    티비를 봐요?
    Do you often watch TV?
    티비를 자주 봐요?
    How many times a week do you watch TV?
    티비 일주 일에 몇 번 봐 요?

  • Oh Si Ra

    안녕하세요!. This is my first time commenting here and this is my sample sentence. So if I wanna say I will eat pizza tomorrow then because pizza is the object, I’ll say 저는 내일 피자를 머글 거예요.
    But truly, what I don’t understand is that “ha-da” stuff, I mean what’s the difference between 좌요 and 좌해요?
    Please can you refer me to a lesson if possible, I really need to understand this.
    감사합니다!

    • Pia Crdn

      This is pretty late but here’s my two cents. 🙂 If I were to speak this it would make sense, but reading it, it’s different. 머글 would mean different from 먹을. It’s important to separate the verb stem from the particle. So, the correct form would be 저는 내일 피자를 먹을 거예요.

      Re: 하다 I also had a hard time with this before but I learnt through level 1 lesson 18 (i think) is that 하다 changes a noun to a verb. e.g. 공부 is a noun that means studies, but 공부하다 means “to study”.

      I hope this helps you (or anyone else struggling with this).

      Love these lessons btw! I’ve learnt more here than with the paid lessons that I have.

  • Batty Majdouline

    heyy i actually find these particles difficult
    .저는 그 책을 읽을 거예요
    is this sentence correct
    tnx

  • CDR

    Basically ㄹ/를 if for verbs, 이/가 is for answers/statements and 은/는 is for topic. I also read somewhere that 이/가 is for starting a new sentence/subject and 은/는 is for when you’re going to continue talking about that topic. 은/는 is also for saying “but this one”. Which ones are correct?

  • Ivis Benavides

    Remember that verb stems that end with a ㄹ are just followed by 거예요 so it should be
    “저 텔레비전을 팔 거예요”

    • Sneaky15

      Ohhhhh. Ok. Thanks!

  • 카린

    I really like the funny and sympathic athmosphere in your lessons, so I am going through them really fast and it’s much more fun than school. 🙂 Thank your for that!

  • Pauline

    Hello,
    I’m a little bit lost concerning this part 일주일에 몇 번, in 텔레비전(을) 일주일에 몇 번 봐요? I don’t remember any of that in the previous lessons :'(
    Could anyone break this down for me ? 🙂
    Thank you !

  • Brandon Cw

    저는넷플릭스를일주일에네다섯번봐요.