안녕하세요! This is the Sentence Building Drill (문장 만들기 연습) lesson! In this series, we will look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons. This series will be a good opportunity for you to review what you have learned in the past and also to learn some new vocabulary! Have fun studying!
In this lesson, we are going to look at how to say “sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that” or “sometimes it’s like this, other times it’s like that” in Korean. In order to say this, there are a few things you need to know. First of all, you need to know how to use the -(으)ㄹ 때 ending, which means “when + S + V”, and you also need to know how the topic marker -는 is used to show contrast. Please join us as we explain how to use this structure and topic marker correctly, and don’t forget to talk to us in Korean!
When you want to say something like, “it depends on the situation”, “it depends on the person”, or “it depends on how soon you finish this”, you need to use the structure -에 따라 다르다 [-e tta-ra da-reu-da] or -마다 다르다 [-ma-da da-reu-da]. This is quite different than the verb for “to depend”, which is literally translated to 의지하다 [ui-ji-ha-da] or 의존하다 [ui-jon-ha-da] and is only when you are talking about actually being “dependent” on someone about a certain matter. Learn more and improve your Korean fluency with this lesson!
In our previous lesson, we learned how to use -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다 to say “to think/know that something will happen”. This sentence ending, however, can be also used to express “can”, “to be able to”, or “to know how to”. The same meanings can also be expressed through -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, so through this lesson, let’s find out how these two verb endings are used similarly or differently to express “can” or “to be able to”.