Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

If you are an absolute beginner in the Korean language, this is the best place to start. Don’t worry if you do not know how to read and write in Korean using the Hangeul system yet. We will guide you through every step of learning Korean. In this lesson, you can learn how to say “Hello.” and “Thank you.” in Korean.

안녕하세요. 
= Hello. / Hi. / How are you? / Good afternoon. / Good evening. / etc...

At first, it might be difficult to pronounce this greeting naturally, but after some practice, it will get easier.

안녕           +  하세요       = 안녕하세요. 
[an-nyeong]     [ha-se-yo]

안녕 = well-being, peace, health 
하세요 = you do, do you?, please do 

안녕하세요 is the most common way of greeting someone in Korean. This greeting is in 존댓말 [jon-daet-mal], or polite/formal language. When someone greets you with 안녕하세요, you can simply greet the person back with 안녕하세요.

When you write this greeting, you can write it as “안녕하세요.” (plain sentence) or “안녕하세요?” (question form). Either way is perfectly acceptable. 안녕하세요 was originally a question asking “Are you doing well?”, “Are you at peace?” or “Are you living well?”, but since it is a very common expression, people began to not expect any special answers in reply. For example, when you ask a friend of yours “What’s up?”, do you really expect an honest answer about what’s going on? In this case, you might hear “What’s up?” in reply. 안녕하세요 is exactly like that. 

Sample Conversation

A: 안녕하세요. [an-nyeong-haseyo]  = Hello. 
B: 안녕하세요. [an-nyeong-haseyo]  = Hi. 

In Korean, there are a few levels of politeness, which are commonly called “honorifics” in English. If you’re a beginner, it might seem intimidating at first to learn of the honorifics, but it’s important to know and utilize them. It gets much easier as you learn and practice more, so don’t worry!

You can divide Korean honorifics into two categories that are quite easy to distinguish from each other and learn to use. One category is called 존댓말 [jon-daet-mal], which means polite or formal language. The other is 반말 [ban-mal], which means casual, intimate, or informal language. In Korean, if you hear sentences that end in ‘-요’ [-yo] or ‘-니다’ [ni-da], they are most likely in 존댓말 (polite/formal language.) It is better to learn 존댓말 first because if you speak 존댓말 in a situation when you can use 반말 (intimate/informal language), you are not going to be in much trouble. However, if you use 반말 when you are supposed to use 존댓말, you might get in trouble.


감사합니다. 
= Thank you.

감사       +     합니다         = 감사합니다. 
[gam-sa]        [ham-ni-da]

감사 = appreciation, thankfulness, gratitude
합니다 = I do, I am doing 

감사합니다 is the most commonly used formal way of saying “thank you.” 감사 means “gratitude” and 합니다 means “I do” or “I am doing” in 존댓말 (polite/formal language.) Together, the two mean “thank you.” You can use 감사합니다 whenever you find yourself in a situation where you would want to say “thank you.” 

In English, when you say “thank you,” the expression has the word “you” in it. In Korean, however, people just say 감사합니다, but the word doesn’t have a subject, the word “you,” in it. You don’t have to say “you” in Korean because it’s easy to guess to whom you are offering thanks. As you learn more Korean expressions, you will see that there are many more that need not include the subject within the sentence.  

If you have a Korean friend or live in Korea, but haven’t tried using these expressions, try to use them as often as possible until they become very easy and comfortable to say! 

If you are an absolute beginner in the Korean language, this is the best place to start. Don’t worry if you do not know how to read and write in Korean using the Hangeul system yet. We will guide you through every step of learning Korean. In this lesson, you can learn how to say “Hello.” and “Thank you.” in Korean.
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