Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

In this TTMIK lesson, we are reviewing how to say “I want to” and at the same time going to practice making many sample sentences using the structure -고 싶어요 and also some other verbs.

In our previous lesson, we learned how to say “I want to” in Korean. In this lesson, we will practice using the structure “I want to” in context through more sample conversations. 

First, let’s look at 5 verbs which are very commonly used in Korean. Don’t worry if they are new to you. At this point, knowing how to use them is more important than memorizing each and every one of them. 

하다 [ha-da] = to do
보다 [bo-da] = to see
먹다 [meok-da] = to eat
사다 [sa-da] = to buy
마시다 [ma-si-da] = to drink 

* If you look up a verb in a Korean dictionary, you will see every verb ending in the form “-다”. “-다” is the basic form of all Korean verbs, so all the Korean verbs that you find in a dictionary will be “-다”.

Do you remember how to change a verb into the “I want to + verb” form?

하 + (-다) + -고 싶어요

Yes. -다 [-da] disappears and you add -고 싶어요 [-go si-peo-yo] after the verb.

하다 --> 하고 싶어요 [ha-go si-peo-yo] = I want to do ...
보다 --> 보고 싶어요 [bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to see ...
먹다 --> 먹고 싶어요 [meok-go si-peo-yo] = I want to eat ...
사다 --> 사고 싶어요 [sa-go si-peo-yo] = I want to buy ...
마시다 --> 마시고 싶어요 [ma-si-go si-peo-yo] = I want to drink …

Do you remember how to say “WHAT” in Korean?

뭐 [mwo] = what


Sample conversations:
* Remember: In Korean, objects come before verbs.

A: 뭐 하고 싶어요? [mwo ha-go si-peo-yo?] = What do you want to do?
B: 텔레비전 보고 싶어요. [tel-le-bi-jeon bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to watch TV. 
A: 텔레비전 보고 싶어요? [tel-le-bi-jeon bo-go si-peo-yo?] = You want to watch TV?
B: 네. [ne] = Yeah. 
A: 뭐 보고 싶어요? [mwo bo-go si-peo-yo] = What do you want to watch?
B: 뉴스 보고 싶어요. [nyu-seu bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to watch the news. 

A: 이거 사고 싶어요. [i-geo sa-go si-peo-yo] = I want to buy this. 
B: 이거요? [i-geo-yo?] = This one?
A: 네. 이거 먹고 싶어요. [ne. i-geo meok-go si-peo-yo] = Yeah. I want to eat this. 
B: 이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this?
A: 이거 김밥이에요. [i-geo gim-bap-i-e-yo] = This is gimbap. 


Some more useful verbs and expressions to practice with

읽다 [ilg-da] = to read / 읽고 싶어요 [il-ggo si-peo-yo] = I want to read ...
자다 [ ja-da] = to sleep / 자고 싶어요 [ ja-go si-peo-yo] = I want to sleep. 
놀다 [nol-da] = to hang out, to play / 놀고 싶어요 [nol-go si-peo-yo] = I want to play.
쉬다 [swi-da] = to rest / 쉬고 싶어요 [swi-go si-peo-yo] = I want to rest. 
일하다 [il-ha-da] = to work / 일하고 싶어요 [il-ha-go si-peo-yo] = I want to work. 
영화 보다 [yeong-hwa bo-da] = to watch a movie / 영화 보고 싶어요 [yeong-hwa bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to watch a movie.
김밥 먹다 [gim-bap meok-da] = to eat 김밥 / 김밥 먹고 싶어요 [gim-bap meok-go si-peo-yo] = I want to eat 김밥.

In this TTMIK lesson, we are reviewing how to say “I want to” and at the same time going to practice making many sample sentences using the structure -고 싶어요 and also some other verbs.
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주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
Version: TTMIK v1.2.132-production