Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

In this TTMIK lesson, we are talking about numbers. In Korean there are two sets of numbers, one is native Korean numbers and the other set is sino-Korean numbers. Sino-Korean numbers are numbers that are based on the Chinese language (therefore if you speak Chinese, you will find that the sino-Korean numbers are quite similar to the Chinese numbers), and in this lesson we are introducing numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 100, and 1,000.

In this lesson, we are going to talk about NUMBERS (= 숫자 [sut-jja])! We wish we could say that there is a very easy way to learn the Korean numbers once and never forget them, but the truth is, there isn’t. As far as the numbers are concerned, you will have to keep practicing using them until they stick. As you know, there are two systems of numbers in Korean. There are native Korean numbers and sino-Korean numbers. In this lesson we will introduce the sino-Korean numbers up to 1000. We will get into native Korean numbers in another lesson.

Sino-Korean numbers

We will use the term “sino-Korean” when a Korean word is based on the Chinese language. Since Korea has received a lot of influence from China, many words in the Korean language have their roots in the Chinese language. So over the course of time, Korean people started using both the sino-Korean number system and the native Korean number system. And the situations and the contexts in which each system is used are different, but don’t worry. You will get used to the two systems and how to differentiate between these two by practicing with us!

1 일 [il]               
2 이 [i]
3 삼 [sam]          
4 사 [sa] 

You might have heard about this story of number four being an unlucky number in Korea. This is because the word “사” is actually the same sound as the word as the sino-Korean word for death.

5 오 [o]               
6 륙 [ryuk] or 육 [yuk]

You can either add or drop the little “ㄹ” sound before the “육”. It depends on whether the word “육” comes at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word. When you say “육” on its own, it’s just “육”, and when you say five six together, it’s “오륙”. Somehow, Korean people thought “오륙” was more natural to say rather than “오육”. 

7 칠 [chil]            
8 팔 [pal] 
9 구 [gu]             
10 십 [sip] 

And the rest is easy. In Korean, if you want to say 11, you just say TEN (= 십 [sip]) + ONE (= 일 [il]). If you want to say 33, you just say THREE (= 삼 [sam]) + TEN (= 십 [sip]) + THREE (= 삼 [sam]). If you want to say 99, you say NINE (= 구 [gu]) + TEN (= 십 [sip]) + NINE (= 구 [gu]). 

100 백 [baek] 
1,000 천 [cheon] 


Can you guess how to say 312 in Korean? 

Yes, you are right. 

THREE + HUNDRED + TEN + TWO 
삼 + 백 + 십 + 이 
[sam-baek-sip-i]


Some more examples

1,234 = 1,000 (천) + 2 (이) + 100 (백) + 3 (삼) + 10 (십) + 4 (사) 
512 = 5 (오) + 100 (백) + 10 (십) + 2 (이) 

Note that for 1,000, 100, and 10, you don’t have to say one (일) + thousand (천), 일백, or 일십. 


How to say ZERO

We say 영 or 공. Choose either of them. So you can say 영일이삼사오륙칠팔구십 or 공일이삼사오륙칠팔구십 for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. 

In this TTMIK lesson, we are talking about numbers. In Korean there are two sets of numbers, one is native Korean numbers and the other set is sino-Korean numbers. Sino-Korean numbers are numbers that are based on the Chinese language (therefore if you speak Chinese, you will find that the sino-Korean numbers are quite similar to the Chinese numbers), and in this lesson we are introducing numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 100, and 1,000.
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주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
Version: TTMIK v1.2.132-production