Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

In Korean, as you already know, there are some ‘particles’ which are used to mark the roles of some nouns, and so far, we have learned about subject marking particles (이 [i] and 가 [ga]) and topic marking particles (은 [eun] and 는 [neun]). In this lesson, we are going to have a look at location marking particles, 에 [e] and 에서 [e-seo], and also how to say WHERE in Korean.

In Korean, as you already know, there are some ‘particles’ which are used to mark the roles of some nouns, and so far,  we have learned about subject marking particles (이 [i] and 가 [ga])  and topic marking particles (은 [eun] and 는 [neun]). In this lesson, we are going to have a look at location marking particles, 에 [e] and 에서 [e-seo], and also how to say WHERE in Korean.

First, let’s learn the word for “WHERE” or “WHICH PLACE”.

어디 [eo-di] = where, which place

Now, let’s look at how to ask someone “Where do you want to go?” in Korean.

to go = 가다 [ga-da]
to want to = 고 싶어요 [go si-peo-yo]

Do you remember how to form a sentence using 고 싶어요 [go si-peo-yo]? Yes, you drop the letter ‘다’ at the end of a verb and attach 고 싶어요 after that.

가다 + 고 싶어요 --> 가고 싶어요 [ga-go si-peo-yo] = I want to go.

가고 싶어요 = I want to go.
가고 싶어요? = Do you want to go?

And now, you just add the word 어디 [eo-di] in front of the verb.
어디 가고 싶어요? [eo-di ga-go si-peo-yo?] = Where do you want to go?

WHY USE LOCATION MARKING PARTICLES?

Whereas it is POSSIBLE to make sentences without location marking particles (as in the exam- ple above: 어디 가고 싶어요?), by using the right location marking particles, you can make your message very clear. There are many location marking particles in Korean, but let us look at the  two most basic particles, 에 [e] and 에서 [e-seo].

에 [e] = at, to 

Noun + 에 [e]

에 is a location marking particle, but it is not only used to mark locations. It means “at”, “to” and etc, and it can be used to mark a location, a time, a situation, and many other things, but here, at us just focus on its role of marking locations.

Let us look at how it is used inside a Korean sentence, by looking at some sample sentences.

Sample 1

Let’s say “I went to school.” in Korean.
1. to go = 가다 [ga-da]
     I went = 가 + 았어요 = 갔어요 [ga-sseo-yo]
2. school = 학교 [hak-gyo]
3. to = 에 [e]
I went to school. = 학교에 갔어요. [hak-gyo-e ga-sseo-yo]


Sample 2

Let’s say “I came to Korea.” in Korean.
1. to come = 오다 [o-da]
    I came = 오 + 았어요 = 왔어요 [wa-sseo-yo]
2. Korea = 한국 [han-guk]
3. to = 에 [e]
I came to Korea. = 한국에 왔어요. [han-gug-e wa-sseo-yo]


Sample 3

Let’s say “Where do you want to go?” in Korean.
1. to go = 가다 [ga-da]
    do you want to go = 가 + 고 싶어요 = 가고 싶어요 [ga-go si-peo-yo]
2. where = 어디 [eo-di]
3. to = 에 [e]
Where do you want to go? = 어디에 가고 싶어요? [eo-di-e ga-go si-peo-yo?]


Sample 4

Let’s say “Where are you?” in Korean.
1. to be = 있다 [it-da]
    are you = 있 + 어요 = 있어요 [i-sseo-yo]
2. where = 어디 [eo-di]
3. at = 에 [e]
Where are you? = 어디에 있어요? [eo-di-e i-sseo-yo?]
Where are you now? = 지금 어디에 있어요? [ ji-geum eo-di-e i-sseo-yo?]
어디에 있어요 지금? [eo-di-e i-sseo-yo ji-geum?]


에서 [e-seo] = at, in, from

Noun + 에서 [e-seo]

에서 [e-seo] can express many things, but here let’s look at two of its main roles.


에서 [e-seo] expresses:
1. a location where an action is taking place
(ex. I studied in the library. / I met my friends in Seoul.)
2. the meaning of “from” a place
(ex. I came from Seoul. / This package came from Spain.)


The difference between 에 and 에서.

에 and 에서 can both be translated to “at” in English. How are they different then?

에 expresses a location where something “is” or “exists” or a direction that you are going to-

ward.

Ex) 집에 있어요. = I am at home. 
집에 가요. = I’m going home.

에서 expresses a location where some action is taking place.

Ex) 집에서 일해요. = I work at home.
집에서 뭐 해요? = What are you doing at home?

Some useful verbs and their conjugations to know

가다 [ga-da] = to go
가요 [ga-yo] = I go / you go / s/he goes / they go / let’s go 갔어요 [ga-sseo-yo] = went / to have gone

오다 [o-da] = to come
왔어요 [wa-sseo-yo] = came / to have come

있다 [it-da] = to be, to exist
있었어요 [i-sseo-sseo-yo] = was / to have been

보다 [bo-da] = to see
봤어요 [bwa-sseo-yo] = saw / to have seen

하다 [ha-da] = to do
했어요 [hae-sseo-yo] = did / to have done

In Korean, as you already know, there are some ‘particles’ which are used to mark the roles of some nouns, and so far, we have learned about subject marking particles (이 [i] and 가 [ga]) and topic marking particles (은 [eun] and 는 [neun]). In this lesson, we are going to have a look at location marking particles, 에 [e] and 에서 [e-seo], and also how to say WHERE in Korean.
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