Level 1 Korean Grammar

Unable to find Content type

0 / 26 Lessons
1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

하다 verbs

In this lesson, we are introducing some 하다 [ha-da] verbs. When we introduced the present tense conjugation in Lesson #16, and the past tense in Lesson #17, we mentioned that 하다 [ha-da] is conjugated in a special way, because it is followed by 여요 or 였어요 even though all the other verbs whose verb stems end in ㅏ[a] are followed by 아요 or 았어요.

In Lesson 16, we learned how to make the dictionary form of a verb into the present tense (현재 시제: hyeon-je si-je) and in lesson #17, we learned how to make the past tense (과거 시제: gwa-geo si-je). And we also learned that the verb 하다 [hada] has a very unique way of being conjugated.


하다 [ha-da] = to do

Dicationary from = 하다

Present tense = 하 + 여요 = 해요 [hae-yo]

Past tense = 하 + 였어요 = 했어요


We also mentioned that the verb 하다 is a very powerful and useful word. That is because in Korean there are a lot of verbs that are made by combining a noun with 하다. Many of the Korean nouns that indicate or describe some action or behavior can be combined with 하다. And they become verbs.


Examples

1. 공부 = studying / 공부하다 = to study → 공부해요. → 공부했어요.

2. 일 = work, job / 일하다 = to work → 일해요. → 일했어요.

3. 기억 = memory / 기억하다 = to remember → 기억해요. → 기억했어요.

4. 청소 = cleaning / 청소하다 = to clean → 청소해요. → 청소했어요.

5. 요리 = cooking, dish / 요리하다 = to cook → 요리해요. → 요리했어요.

6. 이사 = moving / 이사하다 = to move, to move into a different house → 이사해요. → 이사했어요.

7. 노래 = song / 노래하다 = to sing → 노래해요. → 노래했어요.

8. 노력 = effort / 노력하다 = to make an effort, to try hard → 노력해요. → 노력했어요.

9. 동의 = agreement, agreeing / 동의하다 = to agree → 동의해요. → 동의했어요.

10. 인정 = admitting, acknowledgement / 인정하다 = to admit → 인정해요. → 인정했어요.

11. 후회 = regret / 후회하다 = to regret → 후회해요. → 후회했어요.

12. 운동 = exercise / 운동하다 = to exercise, to work out → 운동해요. → 운동했어요.

13. 사랑 = love / 사랑하다 = to love → 사랑해요. → 사랑했어요.

14. 말 = words, language / 말하다 = to speak → 말해요. → 말했어요.

15. 생각 = thought, idea / 생각하다 = to think → 생각해요. → 생각했어요.


Making negative sentences with 하다 verbs

In order to make negative sentences using these 하다 verbs (check out Lesson #21 for information on how to make negative sentences in Korean) you need to separate the noun part and the 하다 part again and add 안 in between.


Examples

생각하다 --> 생각 안 하다

노력하다 --> 노력 안 하다 


And if you remember from Lesson #16, there are two ways to make negative sentences in Korean: adding 안 before the verb and using the verb ending 지 않다. If you want to use 지 않다 

with 하다 verbs, you simply conjugate 하다 [ha-da] to 하지 않다 [ha-ji an-ta]. 

In this lesson, we are introducing some 하다 [ha-da] verbs. When we introduced the present tense conjugation in Lesson #16, and the past tense in Lesson #17, we mentioned that 하다 [ha-da] is conjugated in a special way, because it is followed by 여요 or 였어요 even though all the other verbs whose verb stems end in ㅏ[a] are followed by 아요 or 았어요.
Comments
주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
Version: TTMIK v1.2.98-production