Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to … / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Who? / 누구?

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are having a look at the word 누구 [nu-gu], which means “who” or “whom”, and how it is changed when used with the subject marking particle 가 [ga]. Listen in to find out how it changes and also to look at some useful sample sentences using the word 누구.

In this lesson, let us take a look at how to use the word for “who” in context, as well as how the form changes when the word 누구 is used as the subject in the sentence.


누구 [nu-gu] = who


Remember the subject markers and the topic markers? 


Subject markers: 이 [i] / 가 [ga]

Topic markers: 은 [eun] / 는 [neun] 


Subject markers emphasize the subject and shows ‘who’ did something, or ‘what’ is being described, and topic markers emphasize the topic of your sentence and shows ‘what’ or ‘whom’ you are talking about. 


When you want to ask simple questions like “Who did it?” “Who helped her?” or “Who made it?”, you are emphasizing the subject, which is the word “who” here, so you need to use the subject marker 이 [i] or 가 [ga]. 


누구 ends in a vowel so it would have to be followed by 가, but “누구 plus 가” changes to “누가” instead of “누구가”.


누구 [nu-gu] = who

누구 [nu-gu] + 가 [ga] = 누구가 --> 누가 [nu-ga]


Remember that this is ONLY when you are emphasizing ‘who’ as the subject of an action or state.


Compare these examples: 

1.

When you want to ask “Who is it?” in Korean, 

you literally say “it is WHO?” so it becomes:

누구 (who) + 예요 (is) = 누구예요? [nu-gu-ye-yo?] 


2.

When you want to ask “(Among these people, none other than) WHO is Jane?” you can say:

누구 (who) + 가 (subject marker) + 제인 (Jane) + 이에요? (is?) 

= 누가 제인이에요? [nu-ga je-in-i-e-yo?] 


3. 

And when you want to ask “Who did it?”:

누구 (who) + 가 (subject marker) + 했어요? (did?) 

= 누가 했어요? [nu-ga hae-sseo-yo?] 


More sample sentences

1. 누가 전화했어요? [nu-ga jeon-hwa-hae-sseo-yo?] Who called? 

2. 이거 누구예요? [i-geo nu-gu-ye-yo?] Who is this? (This is who?)

3. 어제 누가 왔어요? [eo-je nu-ga wa-sseo-yo?] Who came yesterday?

4. 그거 누가 만들었어요? [geu-geo nu-ga man-deu-reo-sseo-yo?] Who made that? 

5. 누가 샀어요? [nu-ga sa-sseo-yo?] Who bought it?

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are having a look at the word 누구 [nu-gu], which means “who” or “whom”, and how it is changed when used with the subject marking particle 가 [ga]. Listen in to find out how it changes and also to look at some useful sample sentences using the word 누구.
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