Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to … / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

안녕하세요 여러분! In this lesson, we are going to have a look at the interrogatives “why” “how” and also how to say things like “how much” “how fast” “how quickly” and so on. You can also review how to say “what” “who” and “where” in this lesson. Be sure to try making your own sample expressions and share them with us in the comment box!

So far, through our previous lessons, we have learned how to say “what” “where” “when” and “who”. 


What = 뭐 [mwo]

Where = 어디 [eo-di]

When = 언제 [eon-je]

Who = 누구 [nu-gu] 


And today, we are going to learn some more 의문사(interrogatives).


How = 어떻게 [eo-tteo-ke]

Why = 왜 [wae]

How much (money) = 얼마 [eol-ma]

How + adjective/adverb = 얼마나 [eol-ma-na]


Generally, these interrogatives in Korean are used before the verb of a sentence. But as the word order of the sentences is much more flexible (thanks in part to the subject/topic/object markers), they can come in at various parts of sentences, depending on the context or the nuance.


Examples

1. 어떻게 [eo-tteo-ke] = how


어떻게 찾았어요? [eo-tteo-ke cha-ja-sseo-yo?] = How did you find it?
(찾다 = to find, to look for)


어떻게 왔어요? [eo-tteo-ke wa-sseo-yo?] = How did you get here?
(오다 = to come)


2. 왜 [wae] = why


왜 전화했어요? [wae jeon-hwa-hae-sseo-yo?] = Why did you call?
(전화하다 = to call)


왜 안 왔어요? [wae an wa-sseo-yo?] = Why didn’t you come?
(오다 = to come)


3. 얼마 [eol-ma] = how much


얼마예요? [eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is it?

이거 얼마예요? [i-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is this?

저거 얼마예요? [jeo-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is that?

그거 얼마예요? [geu-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is the thing that is near you but far from me?

얼마 냈어요? [eol-ma nae-sseo-yo?] = How much did you pay?
(내다 = to pay)


4. 얼마나 + adjective/adverb = how + [often/fast/early/soon/etc...]


얼마나 자주 와요? [eol-ma-na ja-ju wa-yo?] = How often do you come?
(자주 = often / 오다 = to come)

얼마나 커요? [eol-ma-na keo-yo?] = How big is it?
(크다 = to be big)

얼마나 무거워요? [eol-ma-na mu-geo-wo-yo?] = How heavy is it?
(무겁다 = to be heavy)

안녕하세요 여러분! In this lesson, we are going to have a look at the interrogatives “why” “how” and also how to say things like “how much” “how fast” “how quickly” and so on. You can also review how to say “what” “who” and “where” in this lesson. Be sure to try making your own sample expressions and share them with us in the comment box!
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