Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.
Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?
Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.
I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.
It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?
What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...
This, That, It / 이, 그, 저
It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.
Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가
have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요
Please give me. / 주세요.
It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.
I want to … / -고 싶어요
What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?
Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사
Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요
Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)
Particles for Location / 에, 에서
When / 언제
Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷
Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다
Who? / 누구?
Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?
From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지
Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean
So far, through our previous lessons, we have learned how to say “what” “where” “when” and “who”.
What = 뭐 [mwo]
Where = 어디 [eo-di]
When = 언제 [eon-je]
Who = 누구 [nu-gu]
And today, we are going to learn some more 의문사(interrogatives).
How = 어떻게 [eo-tteo-ke]
Why = 왜 [wae]
How much (money) = 얼마 [eol-ma]
How + adjective/adverb = 얼마나 [eol-ma-na]
Generally, these interrogatives in Korean are used before the verb of a sentence. But as the word order of the sentences is much more flexible (thanks in part to the subject/topic/object markers), they can come in at various parts of sentences, depending on the context or the nuance.
1. 어떻게 [eo-tteo-ke] = how
어떻게 찾았어요? [eo-tteo-ke cha-ja-sseo-yo?] = How did you find it?
(찾다 = to find, to look for)
어떻게 왔어요? [eo-tteo-ke wa-sseo-yo?] = How did you get here?
(오다 = to come)
2. 왜 [wae] = why
왜 전화했어요? [wae jeon-hwa-hae-sseo-yo?] = Why did you call?
(전화하다 = to call)
왜 안 왔어요? [wae an wa-sseo-yo?] = Why didn’t you come?
(오다 = to come)
3. 얼마 [eol-ma] = how much
얼마예요? [eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is it?
이거 얼마예요? [i-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is this?
저거 얼마예요? [jeo-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is that?
그거 얼마예요? [geu-geo eol-ma-ye-yo?] = How much is the thing that is near you but far from me?
얼마 냈어요? [eol-ma nae-sseo-yo?] = How much did you pay?
(내다 = to pay)
4. 얼마나 + adjective/adverb = how + [often/fast/early/soon/etc...]
얼마나 자주 와요? [eol-ma-na ja-ju wa-yo?] = How often do you come?
(자주 = often / 오다 = to come)
얼마나 커요? [eol-ma-na keo-yo?] = How big is it?
(크다 = to be big)
얼마나 무거워요? [eol-ma-na mu-geo-wo-yo?] = How heavy is it?
(무겁다 = to be heavy)