Level 1 Korean Grammar

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0 / 26 Lessons
1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

In this lesson you can review a little bit of what you learned in the previous lesson (very important stuff!). And you can also learn how to say “this” in Korean, how to ask “What is this?” and how to answer with “This is ABC.”

After studying with this lesson, you will be able to say “This is ABC.” and also ask “Is this ABC?” and “What is this?” in polite/formal Korean. 


-이에요/-예요 [-i-e-yo/-ye-yo]


In the previous lesson, you learned how -이에요 [-i-e-yo] and -예요 [-ye-yo] can be placed after a noun to express the meaning of “It is ABC” or “I am DEF.” 


Review / Example

책 [chaek] + -이에요 [-i-e-yo] = 책이에요. [chae-gi-e-yo] = It’s a book.
저 [jeo] + -예요 [-ye-yo] = 저예요. [jeo-ye-yo] = It’s me.
* -이에요 and -예요 have a similar role to that of the English verb “to be”. 


Final consonant + -이에요 [-i-e-yo]
No final consonant (Only vowel) + -예요 [-ye-yo]


How to say “THIS”

이거 [i-geo]  = this, this one 
이 [i] (“this”) + 것 [geot] (“thing”) = 이것 [i-geot] →  이거 [i-geo] 

이거 [i-geo] is originally 이것 [i-geot] and it is a combination of 이 [i] (“this”) and 것 [geot] (“thing”) but it is often used as just 이거 [i-geo] for the ease of pronunciation. 


Sample Sentences

책이에요. [chaek-i-e-yo] = It’s a book.
이거 책이에요. [i-geo chaek-i-e-yo] = This is a book.

카메라예요. [ka-me-ra-ye-yo] = It’s a camera.
이거 카메라예요. [i-geo ka-me-ra-ye-yo] = This is a camera. 

커피예요. [keo-pi-ye-yo] = It’s coffee.
이거 커피예요. [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo] = This is coffee.

사전이에요. [sa-jeon-i-e-yo] = It is a dictionary.
이거 사전이에요. [i-geo sa-jeon-i-e-yo] = This is a dictionary. 

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this?  
이거 마이크예요. [i-geo ma-i-keu-ye-yo] = This is a microphone.

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this?  
이거 핸드폰이에요. [i-geo haen-deu-pon-i-e-yo] = This is a cellphone.  

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this?  
이거 물이에요. [i-geo mul-i-e-yo] = This is water.

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this? 
이거 커피예요. [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo] = This is coffee.


Do you remember how to say “No”? 

이거 커피예요? [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo?] = Is this coffee?
아니요. 이거 물이에요. [a-ni-yo. i-geo mul-i-e-yo] = No. This is water. 


Do you remember how to say “Yes, that’s right”? 

이거 커피예요? [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo?] = Is this coffee?
네. 맞아요. 이거 커피예요. [ne. ma-ja-yo. i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo] = Yes, that’s right. This is coffee.

In this lesson you can review a little bit of what you learned in the previous lesson (very important stuff!). And you can also learn how to say “this” in Korean, how to ask “What is this?” and how to answer with “This is ABC.”
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