Level 1 Korean Grammar

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1

Hello. Thank you. / 안녕하세요. 감사합니다.

2

Yes. No. What? / 네. 아니요. 네?

3

Good-bye. See you. / 안녕히 가세요. 안녕히 계세요. 안녕.

4

I’m sorry. Excuse me. / 죄송합니다. 저기요.

5

It’s me. What is it? / 저예요. 뭐예요?

6

What is this? This is ... / 이거 뭐예요? 이거...

7

This, That, It / 이, 그, 저

8

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

9

Particles for Topic and Subject / 은, 는, 이, 가

10

have, don’t have, there is, there isn’t / 있어요, 없어요

11

Please give me. / 주세요.

12

It’s delicious. Thank you for the food. / 맛있어요. 잘 먹겠습니다. 잘 먹었습니다.

13

I want to ... / -고 싶어요

14

What do you want to do? / 뭐 하고 싶어요?

15

Sino-Korean Numbers / 일, 이, 삼, 사

16

Basic Present Tense / -아요, -어요, -여요

17

Past Tense / -았/었/였어요 (했어요)

18

Particles for Location / 에, 에서

19

When / 언제

20

Native Korean numbers / 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷

21

Negative Sentences / 안, -지 않다

22

하다 verbs

23

Who? / 누구?

24

Why? How? / 왜? 어떻게?

25

From A To B, From C Until D / -에서/부터 -까지

26

Test Your Korean – Level 1 Dialogue in 100% Korean

It’s NOT me. / 아니에요.

In this lesson, we are going to have a look at one way to make a negative sentence. Here, you can learn how to say that something is NOT something, like “It’s not me.” or “It’s not a book.” In Korean, if you want to say that something is NOT something you say the noun and add the expression 아니에요 [a-ni-e-yo] at the end.

In this lesson, you can learn how to say “not” or “something is NOT something”. 

Now, let’s review. Do you remember how to say “this” “that” and “the/it” in Korean?


이 [i] = this (near you) 
이거 [i-geo] or 이것 [i-geot] = this thing, this item, this stuff, this fact

그 [geu] = the / that (near the other person) 
그거 [geu-geo] or 그것 [geu-geot] = the thing, the item, that one, it

저 [ jeo] = that (over there)
저거 [ jeo-geo] or 저것 [ jeo-geot] = that thing over there 

사람 [sa-ram] means a person
이 사람 [i sa-ram] = this person, this man here, this lady here, he, she
그 사람 [geu sa-ram] = the person, that person, he, she 
저 사람 [ jeo sa-ram] = that person over there, he, she  



아니에요  [a-ni-e-yo] = to be not, it is not, you are not

아니에요 [a-ni-e-yo] is the present tense form in the polite/formal language of the verb 아니다 (to be not). So 아니에요 [a-ni-e-yo] means “It’s not.” “I am not.” “You’re not.” “He/she is not.” and etc. 
* As you will notice later on, all the Korean verbs end in “-다” in the dictionaries. When you look up a word and it ends in “-다”, that’s most likely a verb. 

Whenever you want to say that something is NOT something, you can say the subject and then add 아니에요 [a-ni-e-yo]. 


NOUN + 아니에요 = TO BE NOT + NOUN 

Examples:
저 아니에요. [ jeo a-ni-e-yo] = It’s not me.
우유 아니에요. [u-yu a-ni-e-yo] = It’s not milk. 
물 아니에요. [mul a-ni-e-yo] = It’s not water. 

If you want to say “This is not milk.” “I am not a student.” “That’s not a park.” and etc, you can add a word at the beginning of the sentence.

milk = 우유 [u-yu]
not milk = 우유 아니에요. [u-yu a-ni-e-yo]
This is not milk. = 이거 우유 아니에요. [i-geo u-yu a-ni-e-yo]

student = 학생 [hak-saeng]
not a student = 학생 아니에요 [hak-saeng a-ni-e-yo]
I am not a student. = 저 학생 아니에요. [jeo hak-saeng a-ni-e-yo]

liquor = 술 [sul] 
not liquor = 술 아니에요 [sul a-ni-e-yo]
That is not liquor. = 저거 술 아니에요. [jeo-geo sul a-ni-e-yo]

cat = 고양이 [go-yang-i]
not a cat = 고양이 아니에요 [go-yang-i a-ni-e-yo]
It is not a cat. = 그거 고양이 아니에요. [geu-geo go-yang-i a-ni-e-yo]

tiger = 호랑이 [ho-rang-i]
not a tiger = 호랑이 아니에요 [ho-rang-i a-ni-e-yo]
It is not a tiger. = 그거 호랑이 아니에요. [geu-geo ho-rang-i a-ni-e-yo]

In this lesson, we are going to have a look at one way to make a negative sentence. Here, you can learn how to say that something is NOT something, like “It’s not me.” or “It’s not a book.” In Korean, if you want to say that something is NOT something you say the noun and add the expression 아니에요 [a-ni-e-yo] at the end.
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