Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

Welcome to Lesson 11 of Level 6 of Talk To Me In Korean! Just like there are different ways of expressing “I mean…” in English, there are just as many ways in Korean. However, in this lesson, 경은 and 현우 will be breaking down the 4 most common ways to say “I mean…” in Korean.

In this lesson, let’s take a look at how to say, “I mean...” in Korean. There are many ways of saying this expression in Korean, and it has various usages in English, too. Here, we would like to introduce four main ways to express “I mean…” in Korean.


How to Say “to mean” in Korean

Most English-Korean dictionaries will introduce the word “의미하다” as the first translation of the verb “to mean”, but in Korean “의미하다” sounds very formal, so therefore it isn’t used in everyday conversation. When you want to say, “ABC means XYZ”, you can say “ABC + -은/는 + XYZ + -라는 뜻이에요”.


Ex) ABC + -은/는 + XYZ + -라는 뜻이에요.


The word “뜻” is a noun defined as “meaning”, and when used with the verb -이다, it becomes 뜻이다, or “it is the meaning”. When used with -라는, which works as a quoting marker, -라는 뜻이다 means, “it is the meaning of...” or “it has the meaning of...”.


In spoken language, you will hear “뜻” more than “의미”. “의미” is more formal and is used more often in written language.


How to Say “I mean/you mean...” in Korean

1. 그러니까 

When you want to reassure someone of what you are saying or to make your point one more time, you can use 그러니까. In this context, 그러니까 can be translated as, “so...” in English. After you say 그러니까, you summarize what you said before or make a more detailed explanation. Depending on the context, however, in Korean, this can be used to mean “you mean...” when you are checking with the other person on what he or she has said.


2. 제 말 뜻은 or 제 말은

When you want to make sure that the other person can understand what you are saying, and you want to rephrase something you’ve already said, you can say, “제 말 뜻은” (meaning “what I mean is...”) or “제 말은” (meaning “what I’m saying is...”). If you want to say “you mean” you should say the person’s name.

Ex) 현우 씨 말은 ...


3. -(이)라고요 or -(ㄴ/은/는)다고요

When you start a sentence with 그러니까 or 제 말 뜻은, you normally end the sentence with - 라고요 or -다고요. -라고 and -다고 are both verb endings that are used to quote or cite what someone has said. Since you are delivering your point one more time with “I mean...”, you need to use the endings -라고 or -다고. The word -요 at the end is, as you know, used to make your sentence polite. -(이)라고요 is used after nouns and -다고요 is used after verb stems. If your sentence after “I mean...” is an imperative sentence, you should use -(으)라고요.


4. (-(이)라는/-다는) 말이에요

In addition to -라고요 and -다고요, another commonly used sentence ending for saying “I mean...” in Korean is (-(이)라는/-다는) 말이에요. Here, the word 말 means “words” or “phrases”, and -라는 or -다는 is used to quote or cite what someone has said. -라는 is used after nouns, and -다는 is used after verb stems.


Sample Sentences

정지훈, 그러니까, “비” 좋아해요? 

= Do you like Jihoon Jeong, I mean, Rain?


그러니까 이거 저 준다고요?

= You mean you are giving this to me?

= I mean, you are giving this to me?

= So (I mean/you mean) you are giving this to me?


그러니까, 벌써 다 했다고요.

= I mean, I already finished it.

* If you say “벌써 다 했어요”, you are missing the nuance that you are upset or annoyed. 


그러니까 제 말은, 이 일에는 이 사람이 최고라고요.

= I mean, for this work, this person is the best.


그러니까 혼자 간다는 말이에요? 

= You mean you are going there alone?

= I mean, you are going there alone?


Using “I mean...” to Correct What You’ve Said

When you want to say “I mean” in the middle of a sentence to correct yourself, you can say “아니” in Korean.


Ex)

I went there last Saturday, I mean, Sunday. 

= 지난 주 토요일에, 아니, 일요일에 갔어요.

Give me this one, I mean, this one. 

= 이거, 아니, 이거 주세요.


How to Say “I mean it.” in Korean

When “I mean it.” is used as a fixed expression, the most commonly used equivalent in Korean is “진짜예요.” or “진심이에요.”

Welcome to Lesson 11 of Level 6 of Talk To Me In Korean! Just like there are different ways of expressing “I mean…” in English, there are just as many ways in Korean. However, in this lesson, 경은 and 현우 will be breaking down the 4 most common ways to say “I mean…” in Korean.
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