How about …? / ~ 어때요?
What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?
One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나
Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?
I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요
Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님
One way or the other / 어차피
I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.
While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에
Sentence Building Drill 6
I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요
What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?
Word Builder 10 - 과(過)
“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸
The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것
let me tell you… / -거든(요)
Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면
To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2
Sentence Building Drill 7
Passive Voice – Part 1
Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)
Passive Voice – Part 2
I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다
Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다
I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다
Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다
It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요
Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요
Sentence Building Drill 8
Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning and understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자. Though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal through these lessons is to understand how words are formed and then remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!
In this lesson, we are looking at the key word element 과. When 과 is written in Hanja as “過”, it means “to surpass”, “to go over”, “to pass”, or “too much”.
과 (to surpass, too much) + 식 (eat) = 과식 過食 = eating too much, overeating
과 (to surpass, too much) + 음 (drink) = 과음 過飮 = drinking too much, excessive drinking
Ex) 과음하지 마세요. = Don’t drink too much.
과 (to surpass, too much) + 속 (to be fast) = 과속 過速 = speeding
통 (to go through) + 과 (to pass) = 통과 通過 = pass, passing
through, passing (a test)
* Passing a big exam such as a college entrance exam is called “합격”, which means “pass”. When it is a simple quiz or physical test, you will hear “통과”.
Ex) 터널을 통과하다 = to pass through a tunnel
간 (to see) + 과 (to pass) = 간과 看過 = failure to notice, passing over
과 (too much) + 민 (agile, quick) = 과민 過敏 = being hypersensitive
과민 반응 過敏 反應 = overreaction
Ex) 과민 반응 하지 마. = Don’t overreact.
과 (too much) + 로 (labor) = 과로 過勞 = working too much, too much labor
Ex) 과로하지 마세요. = Don’t work too hard.
과 (to pass) + 거 (to go) = 과거 過去 = the past
과거 시제 過去 時制 = the past tense.
과 (to surpass, too much) + 대 (to be big) = 과대 過大 = too big, oversized
* This is used with other words, not on its own.
과대 포장 過大 包裝 = oversized package
과대 평가 過大 評價 = overestimate
과 (to pass) + 정 (way, limit) = 과정 過程 = process
과 (to surpass, too much) + 소비 (consumption) = 과소비 過消費
= overspending, excessive consumption
소비자 消費者 = consumer
과 (too much) + 신 (to believe) = 과신 過信 = overconfidence