Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

안녕하세요! Welcome to the 10th installment in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning and understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자. Though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal through these lessons is to understand how words are formed and then remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!


In this lesson, we are looking at the key word element 과. When 과 is written in Hanja as “過”, it means “to surpass”, “to go over”, “to pass”, or “too much”.


과 (to surpass, too much) + 식 (eat) = 과식 過食 = eating too much, overeating 

과 (to surpass, too much) + 음 (drink) = 과음 過飮 = drinking too much, excessive drinking 

Ex) 과음하지 마세요. = Don’t drink too much.


과 (to surpass, too much) + 속 (to be fast) = 과속 過速 = speeding 

통 (to go through) + 과 (to pass) = 통과 通過 = pass, passing 

through, passing (a test)

* Passing a big exam such as a college entrance exam is called “합격”, which means “pass”. When it is a simple quiz or physical test, you will hear “통과”. 

Ex) 터널을 통과하다 = to pass through a tunnel


간 (to see) + 과 (to pass) = 간과 看過 = failure to notice, passing over 

과 (too much) + 민 (agile, quick) = 과민 過敏 = being hypersensitive 


Related Vocabulary

과민 반응 過敏 反應 = overreaction

Ex) 과민 반응 하지 마. = Don’t overreact.


과 (too much) + 로 (labor) = 과로 過勞 = working too much, too much labor 

Ex) 과로하지 마세요. = Don’t work too hard.


과 (to pass) + 거 (to go) = 과거 過去 = the past 


Related Vocabulary

과거 시제 過去 時制 = the past tense.


과 (to surpass, too much) + 대 (to be big) = 과대 過大 = too big, oversized

* This is used with other words, not on its own.


Related Vocabulary

과대 포장 過大 包裝 = oversized package

과대 평가 過大 評價 = overestimate 


과 (to pass) + 정 (way, limit) = 과정 過程 = process 


과 (to surpass, too much) + 소비 (consumption) = 과소비 過消費 

= overspending, excessive consumption 


Related Vocabulary

소비자 消費者 = consumer


과 (too much) + 신 (to believe) = 과신 過信 = overconfidence

안녕하세요! Welcome to the 10th installment in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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