Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we will look at the commonly used verb ending, -거든(요). It has a very subtle meaning, and when used correctly and appropriately, it can make your Korean sound much more natural and fluent. Learn how to use this ending with teachers 현우 and 경은!

In this lesson, let’s take a look at the commonly used verb ending, -거든(요). It has a very subtle meaning, and when used correctly and appropriately, it can make your Korean sound much more natural and fluent.


Usages of -거든(요)

1. -거든(요) can be used to express a reason or some background explanation for something, except -거든(요) forms a separate sentence from the sentence expressing a result. Other expressions that can express reasons for something are -아/어/여서, -(으)니까, and -기 때문에, but these are used in the same sentence with the result. However, -거든(요) is mostly added separately to your statement about what happened or will happen.

Ex)

저도 모르겠어요. 저 방금 왔거든요. 

= I don’t know either. I just got here.


You could say, “저 방금 왔어요.” but by adding “-거든요”, you are adding flavor to your sentence and making it sound more natural. It is also showing a reason for your answer.

If you use -아/어/여서, -(으)니까, or -기 때문에 to say “because” or “since”, the clause that explains the reason comes before your answer; with -거든요,  the result usually comes first and the sentence that explains the reason comes next. 

Ex) 

저 방금 와서 저도 모르겠어요.

= I just got here so I don’t know.


People sometimes say the “-거든요” part of the sentence alone just to explain the reason for something, as long as the result is clear.

Ex)  

저 방금 왔거든요. = Because I just got here.


2. -거든(요) can also be used when you are implying that your story is continued. When you mention one thing in a sentence that ends with -거든(요), the other person will expect you to mention another thing that’s related to what you just said in the next sentence.

Ex)

제가 지금 돈이 없거든요. 만 원만 빌려주세요.

= I don’t have any money now. (So...) Please lend me just 10,000 won.


“제가 지금 돈이 없어요. 만 원만 빌려 주세요.” has the same meaning but by using “-거든요”, you are implying that you aren’t finished with your story.


Sample Sentences

제가 지금 좀 바쁘거든요.

= I’m a little busy now, so…


아까 효진 씨 만났거든요. 그런데 이상한 말을 했어요.

= I met Hyojin earlier. But she said something strange.

* If someone ends a sentence with, “-거든요”, you don’t want to interrupt them as they want to say more. 


아직 말할 수 없어요. 비밀이거든요.

= I can’t tell you yet. (Because) It’s a secret.


지난 주에 제주도에 갔거든요. 그런데 계속 비가 왔어요.

= I went to Jeju Island last week. But it kept raining.


내일은 안 바빠요. 오늘 일을 다 끝냈거든요.

= I’m not busy tomorrow. (Because) I finished all the work today.


Generally, -거든요 is used when you want to soften your speech or express a reason for something indirectly, but sometimes when you are upset, you can use -거든요 as the sentence ending to express the reason that supports or explains your anger.


Sample Sentences

필요 없거든요!

= I don’t need it!


이미 늦었거든요!

= It’s already too late!


됐거든요!

= It’s over. / I don’t need that.

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we will look at the commonly used verb ending, -거든(요). It has a very subtle meaning, and when used correctly and appropriately, it can make your Korean sound much more natural and fluent. Learn how to use this ending with teachers 현우 and 경은!
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