Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

Remember how to say “to become + adjective”? Some descriptive verbs in Korean used so commonly in this manner that they are almost used as independent words. Let us take a look at some of those words and learn how to say “to improve”, “to change”, “to increase”, etc.

In Level 4 Lesson 28, we introduced the verb ending -아/어/여지다 and how it is used to express “to become + adjective”.

Examples:

예쁘다 = to be pretty 

예뻐지다 = to become pretty


조용하다 = to be silent 

조용해지다 = to become silent


Some adjective words (or descriptive verbs) are so commonly used in the -아/어/여지다 form though that they are almost considered as independent verbs and have a single-word translation in English as well.


1. 달라지다

다르다 = to be different

다르 → 달라 + -아지다 = 달라지다 = to change, to become different


Sample Sentences

여기 많이 달라졌어요.

= This place has changed a lot.


뭔가 달라진 것 같아요.

= I feel like something has changed.


2. 좋아지다

좋다 = to be good, to be likeable

좋 → 좋 + -아지다 = 좋아지다 = to get better, to improve, to be enhanced, to start to like


Sample Sentences

이 가수가 좋아졌어요.

= I started to like this singer. = I like this singer now.

* The verb literally means “to become better”, but in this sentence, that doesn’t really make sense. Therefore, you can say, “I like this singer now.”


노래 실력이 좋아졌어요.

= My singing skills have improved.

* It could mean going from bad to good, but in most cases, it tends to mean going from good to better.


3. 많아지다

많다 = to be a lot, to be abundant 

많 → 많 + -아지다 = 많아지다 = to increase


Sample Sentences

한국으로 여행 오는 사람들이 많아졌어요.

= The (number of) people who come to Korea for tourism have increased.

* 증가하다 also means to increase, however, this word isn’t used as commonly as 많아지다.


학생이 많아졌어요.

= The (number of) students have increased.


4. 없어지다

없다 = to be not there, to not exist, to not have 

없 → 없 + -어지다 = 없어지다 = to disappear


Sample Sentences

제 핸드폰이 없어졌어요.

= My cellphone has disappeared.


아까 여기 있었는데 없어졌어요.

= It was here earlier but it disappeared.

Remember how to say “to become + adjective”? Some descriptive verbs in Korean used so commonly in this manner that they are almost used as independent words. Let us take a look at some of those words and learn how to say “to improve”, “to change”, “to increase”, etc.
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