How about …? / ~ 어때요?
What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?
One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나
Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?
I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요
Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님
One way or the other / 어차피
I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.
While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에
Sentence Building Drill 6
I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요
What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?
Word Builder 10 - 과(過)
“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸
The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것
let me tell you… / -거든(요)
Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면
To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2
Sentence Building Drill 7
Passive Voice – Part 1
Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)
Passive Voice – Part 2
I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다
Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다
I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다
Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다
It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요
Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요
Sentence Building Drill 8
In Level 4 Lesson 28, we introduced the verb ending -아/어/여지다 and how it is used to express “to become + adjective”.
예쁘다 = to be pretty
예뻐지다 = to become pretty
조용하다 = to be silent
조용해지다 = to become silent
Some adjective words (or descriptive verbs) are so commonly used in the -아/어/여지다 form though that they are almost considered as independent verbs and have a single-word translation in English as well.
다르다 = to be different
다르 → 달라 + -아지다 = 달라지다 = to change, to become different
여기 많이 달라졌어요.
= This place has changed a lot.
뭔가 달라진 것 같아요.
= I feel like something has changed.
좋다 = to be good, to be likeable
좋 → 좋 + -아지다 = 좋아지다 = to get better, to improve, to be enhanced, to start to like
이 가수가 좋아졌어요.
= I started to like this singer. = I like this singer now.
* The verb literally means “to become better”, but in this sentence, that doesn’t really make sense. Therefore, you can say, “I like this singer now.”
노래 실력이 좋아졌어요.
= My singing skills have improved.
* It could mean going from bad to good, but in most cases, it tends to mean going from good to better.
많다 = to be a lot, to be abundant
많 → 많 + -아지다 = 많아지다 = to increase
한국으로 여행 오는 사람들이 많아졌어요.
= The (number of) people who come to Korea for tourism have increased.
* 증가하다 also means to increase, however, this word isn’t used as commonly as 많아지다.
= The (number of) students have increased.
없다 = to be not there, to not exist, to not have
없 → 없 + -어지다 = 없어지다 = to disappear
제 핸드폰이 없어졌어요.
= My cellphone has disappeared.
아까 여기 있었는데 없어졌어요.
= It was here earlier but it disappeared.