How about …? / ~ 어때요?
What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?
One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나
Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?
I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요
Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님
One way or the other / 어차피
I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.
While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에
Sentence Building Drill 6
I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요
What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?
Word Builder 10 - 과(過)
“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸
The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것
let me tell you… / -거든(요)
Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면
To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2
Sentence Building Drill 7
Passive Voice – Part 1
Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)
Passive Voice – Part 2
I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다
Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다
I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다
Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다
It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요
Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요
Sentence Building Drill 8
Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning and understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자. Though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal through these lessons is to understand how words are formed and then remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!
Today’s keyword element is 무.
The Chinese character for this is 無.
The word 무 is related to “none”, “nothing”, and “non-existence”.
무 (none) + 공해 (pollution) = 무공해 無公害 = pollution-free, clean
무 (none) + 료 (fee) = 무료 無料 = free of charge
공짜 空- = free
* 짜 is not based on a Chinese character.
요금 料金 = fee
* 料 is pronounced as 요 when it comes at the beginning of a word.
무 (none) + 시 (to see) = 무시 無視 = to overlook, to neglect, to disregard
시력 視力 = eyesight
무시하지 마세요. = Don’t ignore me.
무 (none) + 책임 (responsibility) = 무책임 無責任 = irresponsibility
무 (none) + 조건 (condition) = 무조건 無條件 = unconditionally
무 (none) + 죄 (sin, guilt) = 무죄 無罪 = innocent, not guilty
유죄 有罪 = guilty
무 (none) + 능력 (ability) = 무능력 無能力 = incapability, incompetence
무능하다 無能-- = to be incompetent
유능하다 有能-- = to be competent
무 (none) + 한 (limit) = 무한 無限 = infinite, limitless
무 (none) + 적 (enemy) = 무적 無敵 = unbeatable, invincible
무 (none) + 사고 (accident) = 무사고 無事故 = no accident
무 (none) + 관심 (interest) = 무관심 無關心 = indifference, showing no interest
무 (none) + 명 (name) = 무명 無名 = not popular, unknown
이름 = name
* 이름 is a native Korean word.
성명 姓名 = surname, family name
무 (none) + 인 (person) = 무인 無人 = unmanned, uninhabited
무인도 無人島 = uninhabited island