Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

Have you ever found yourself wanting to express the ease of difficulty of doing something in Korean? Perhaps you’ve gotten a new high-tech Korean cellphone and want to say, “this is difficult to use!”, or you are super-tech savvy and want to show off by exclaiming “This is easy!” In this lesson, 현우 and 경은 will help you learn what sentence structure to use when you want to say something like this!

In this lesson, let’s take a look at how to say that something is easy or difficult to do. To say this, you need to use the noun form of verbs, ending with -기.


To be easy to + V = -기 쉽다


Ex)

하기 쉽다 = to be easy to do

잊기 쉽다 = to be easy to forget

먹기 쉽다 = to be easy to eat

사기 쉽다 = to be easy to buy


To be difficult to + V = -기 어렵다


Ex)

하기 어렵다 = to be difficult to do

찾기 어렵다 = to be difficult to find


“Verb stem + -기” is a noun form; in principle, there has to be a marker after it, but in the forms above, the marker is dropped.


Q: Which markers were dropped?

A: It depends on the context, but -기 쉽다/어렵다 can be written either as -기에 쉽다/어렵다 or -기가 쉽다/어렵다.


-기에 쉽다/어렵다

When you use the marker -에, it means that something is easy/difficult FOR + V-ing.


-기가 쉽다/어렵다

When you use the marker -가, it means that “DOING something” is easy/difficult.


Let’s look at some examples.


Example #1

제 이름은 발음하기(가) 어려워요.

= My name is difficult to pronounce.

= As for my name, pronouncing it is difficult.


Example #2

이건 만들기(가) 어려워요.

= This is difficult to make.

= As for this, making it is difficult.


Example #3

이건 어린이가 사용하기(에) 어려워요.

= This is difficult for a child to use.

= Using this is difficult for a child.

* In this example, since the subject of the verb 사용하다 is 어린이 and 어린이 is followed by - 가, the subject marker, it sounds rather repetitive to use -가 again, so in this kind of sentence, people tend to use -에 instead of -가 before 쉬워요/어려워요.


Example #4

사용하기가 쉬워요. 

= It’s easy to use.


사용하기에 쉬워요. 

= Using it is easy.


* In this case, -가 쉬워요 and -에 쉬워요 both work because the sentences are short.


In all of the above sentences, you can drop -가 or -에 from -기가 or -기에.

1. 제 이름은 발음하기가 어려워요. --> 제 이름은 발음하기 어려워요.

2. 이건 만들기가 어려워요. --> 이건 만들기 어려워요.

3. 이건 어린이가 사용하기에 어려워요. --> 이건 어린이가 사용하기 어려워요. 

4. 사용하기가 쉬워요. --> 사용하기 쉬워요.

5. 사용하기에 쉬워요. --> 사용하기 쉬워요.


Other words can also be used with “Verb stem + -기(가/에)”.


Examples

-기(가) 편리하다 / -기(에) 편리하다

= to be convenient to + V / to be convenient for + V-ing


-기(가) 좋다 / -기(에) 좋다

= to be good to + V / to be good for + V-ing


-기(가) 불편하다 / -기(에) 불편하다

= to be inconvenient to + V / to be inconvenient for + V-ing

Have you ever found yourself wanting to express the ease of difficulty of doing something in Korean? Perhaps you’ve gotten a new high-tech Korean cellphone and want to say, “this is difficult to use!”, or you are super-tech savvy and want to show off by exclaiming “This is easy!” In this lesson, 현우 and 경은 will help you learn what sentence structure to use when you want to say something like this!
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주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
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