Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

가장 ~ 중의 하나 is a common way to express “one of the most…” and used to construct phrases such as “He’s one of my closest friends.”, “It’s one of the most popular places in Seoul.”, etc…

In this lesson, let us take a look at how to say “one of the most...” in Korean. After studying with this lesson, you will be able to say things such as, “He’s one of my closest friends.”, “It’s one of the most popular places in Seoul.”, etc.


Now before we talk about how to say this in Korean, we’d like to point out that this expression actually came into widespread use as a result of Korean people being exposed to the English language. At first there were some who tried not to use this expression because it sounded too much like a “translated” sentence, but now it is so commonly used that not many people actually care.


One of the most... = 가장 ... 중의 하나


First of all, let’s break down the phrase word by word.


One = 하나 

of = -의 

* 의 is pronounced as [e] in spoken Korean. Even though it is easier to pronounce it this way when speaking, you should write “의” and not “에”, like it sounds. 

the = It is not translated into Korean in this case.

* The word order for this phrase is different than in English, plus the word “the” is not used since you don’t need it in Korean. You only need it when you want to specify “that person” or “that one” and would use “그”.

most + ADJECTIVE + NOUN = 가장 + ADJECTIVE + NOUN

* If you’d like to review 가장 (= most), go back to Level 4 Lesson 18. 


1. Word order difference between Korean and English for “-의 / of”

In Korean, -의 is the particle that shows possession, belonging, origin or characteristics, and it basically means “of”. The word order, however, is very different for -의 or “of” in these two languages. If you say “A of B”, in Korean you need to switch it to “B의 A”. To make it simpler, you can just think of “-의” as <’s>, as in “my friend’s house”, “my teacher’s name”, etc.


It is the same for the expression in this lesson; in English, the word “one” comes at the beginning, but in Korean, 하나 (= one) comes at the end.


2. 하나 can be replaced by other words

하나 is the most basic form of saying “one” but depending what you are counting, you can use different counting units. Let’s take a look at some of the most commonly used ones.


Person = 한 사람, 한 명, or 한 분 (honorific) 

Place = 한 곳, 한 군데

Thing, Kind, Type = 한 가지

* Go back to Level 2 Lesson 9 to review the lesson on counters. 


If you want to stick to the most neutral expression, you can use “하나”. 


3. To understand how to use 가장 with adjectives or verbs, there are three lessons that you need to have studied.

- Level 4 Lesson 18 (on how to say “best” or “most” using the superlatives “가장” and “제일”) 

- Level 3 Lesson 13 + 14 (on how to make adjectives out of descriptive and action verbs in Korean)

 

Examples:

가장 + 예쁘다 → 가장 예쁜 

가장 + 좋다 → 가장 좋은

가장 + 괜찮다 → 가장 괜찮은

* 괜찮다 originally means “to be okay,” but it can also be used to mean “to be good”.

가장 + 친하다 → 가장 친한

* 친하다 means “to be close with someone” or “to be close friends”.


You should always include a noun as it doesn’t make sense to only use a verb.


가장 예쁜 친구 = the prettiest friend

가장 좋은 책 = the best book

가장 괜찮은 카페 = the best café

가장 친한 친구 = the best friend


4. How to use 중 as “among” or “of”

중 literally means “middle” or “center”, but when used after a noun and followed by -의, it means “among” or “(one) of (the...)”.


Noun (plural or singular) + 중


Examples:

가장 예쁜 친구 = the prettiest friend

가장 예쁜 친구들 = the prettiest friends

among my prettiest friends = 가장 예쁜 친구들 중(의) = 가장 예쁜 친구 중(의)  

one of my prettiest friends = 가장 예쁜 친구들 중의 하나 = 가장 예쁜 친구 중의 하나

(You can even drop “의” and just say “가장 예쁜 친구 중 하나”.)


method/solution = 방법

the best method = 가장 좋은 방법

the best methods = 가장 좋은 방법들

among the best methods = 가장 좋은 방법들 중(의) = 가장 좋은 방법 중(의)

one of the best methods = 가장 좋은 방법들 중의 하나 = 가장 좋은 방법 중의 하나

(You can even drop “의” and just say “가장 좋은 방법 중 하나”.)


Now let us look at some examples of the entire structure.

가장 ... 중의 하나


가장 좋은 웹사이트들 중의 하나

= 가장 좋은 웹사이트 중의 하나

= 가장 좋은 웹사이트 중 하나 

= one of the best websites


가장 빠른 길들 중의 하나

= 가장 빠른 길 중의 하나

= 가장 빠른 길 중 하나

= one of the fastest ways/paths


가장 자주 만나는 친구들 중의 한 명 

= 가장 자주 만나는 친구 중의 한 명 

= 가장 자주 만나는 친구 중 한 명

= one of the friends that I meet most often

* Note that you cannot always drop whatever word you want in Korean. However, you can do it if the phrase is commonly used and can still be understood. If you use the word “하나”, you are talking about many things and then picking just one of them, so you don’t need the plural suffix.


Sample Sentences

1. 여기가 제가 제일 자주 오는 카페 중(의) 하나예요. = This is one of the cafés that I visit most often.

* Since “café” is a place, you can change 하나 to 한 곳/한 군데.

Ex) 여기가 제가 제일 자주 오는 카페 중의 한 곳이에요.

** In spoken Korean, “제일” is used more often but in written Korean, use “가장”.


2. 제가 가장 좋아하는 가수들 중(의) 한 명이에요.

= He/She is one of my favorite singers.

= He/She is one of the singers I like the most.


3. 한국에서 가장 인기 있는 영화 중(의) 하나예요.

= It’s one of the most popular movies in Korea.

가장 ~ 중의 하나 is a common way to express “one of the most…” and used to construct phrases such as “He’s one of my closest friends.”, “It’s one of the most popular places in Seoul.”, etc…
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