Level 6 Korean Grammar

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1

How about …? / ~ 어때요?

2

What do you think about …? / 어떻게 생각하세요? / 어떤 것 같아요?

3

One of the most … / 가장 ~ 중의 하나

4

Do you mind if I …? / -아/어/여도 돼요?

5

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

6

Word Builder Lesson 9 / -님

7

One way or the other / 어차피

8

I’m not sure if … / -(으/느)ㄴ지 잘 모르겠어요.

9

While you are at it / -(으)ㄴ/는 김에

10

Sentence Building Drill 6

11

I mean… / 그러니까, 제 말 뜻은, -라고요, 말이에요

12

What do you mean? What does that mean? / 무슨 말이에요?

13

Word Builder 10 - 과(過)

14

“/ (slash)” or“and” / -(으)ㄹ 겸

15

The thing that is called, what they call … / -(이)라는 것

16

Suffix -겠-

17

let me tell you… / -거든(요)

18

Either A or B, Or / -거나, -(이)나, 아니면

19

To improve, to change, to increase / -아/어/여지다 Part 2

20

Sentence Building Drill 7

21

Passive Voice – Part 1

22

Word Builder 11 / 무 (無)

23

Passive Voice – Part 2

24

I DID do it, I DO like it / -기는 하다

25

Easy/difficult to + V / -기 쉽다/어렵다

26

I thought I would …, I didn’t think you would … / -(으)ㄴ/ㄹ 줄 알다

27

Can, to be able to, to know how to / -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, -(으)ㄹ 줄 알다

28

It depends on … / -에 따라 달라요

29

Sometimes I do this, sometimes I do that / 어떨 때는 -고, 어떨 때는 -아/어/여요

30

Sentence Building Drill 8

I’m in the middle of …-ing / -는 중이에요

In this lesson at TalkToMeInKorean.com, we will be looking at how to say “I am in the middle of…-ing.” We introduced the structure -고 있다 in Level 2, Lesson 10 to say “I am…-ing”, and with the addition of 1 little word, 중, you can say things such as “I am in the middle of studying” or “What were you in the middle of doing?”

In this lesson, let’s learn how to say that you are “in the middle of doing” something in Korean. In Level 2 Lesson 10, we introduced the structure -고 있다 as the plain present progressive, and now let us take a look at some other ways of expressing the present progressive by using the word 중.


중 = middle, center, medium


The word 중 can be used with many other words to form various meanings that are related to middle, center or medium. 

Ex)

중학교 = middle school

중간고사 = midterm exam

중앙 = central


When you want to say, “I am in the middle of doing something”, you can use 중 in the form of “-고 있는 중이다”.


-고 있는 중이다 = to be in the middle of + Verb-ing


The basic form of the present progressive is -고 있다. 

Ex)

먹고 있다 = I’m eating.

뭐 먹고 있어요? = What are you eating?


You can add the ending -는 to change the verb into an adjective to modify the noun “중”. 

→ -고 있 (progressive) + -는 중 (in the middle of Verb-ing)

→ -고 있는 중 + -이다 (to be)

→ -고 있는 중이다 (to be in the middle of Verb-ing)


You only conjugate the verb -이다 at the end to express the tense of the sentence.

Ex)

Present: -고 있는 중이에요.

Past: -고 있는 중이었어요.

Future: -고 있는 중일 거예요.


Sample Sentences

가고 있는 중이에요.

= I am on my way.

= I am in the middle of going.

* You can say 가고 있어요 to mean the same thing, but -는 중 emphasizes the fact that you are doing something right at this very moment.


뭐 하고 있는 중이었어요?

= What were you doing?

= What were you in the middle of doing?


열쇠를 찾고 있는 중이었어요.

= I was in the middle of looking for the key.

* For all the sentences above, you can change -고 있는 중 to -는 중 to mean the same thing.


가고 있는 중이에요. → 가는 중이에요.

뭐 하고 있는 중이에요? → 뭐 하는 중이에요?

열쇠를 찾고 있는 중이었어요. → 열쇠를 찾는 중이었어요.


Sample Mini Dialogues

1. 

A:  공부해요! 언제 공부할 거예요? = Study! When are you going to study?

B:  *하는 중이에요! = I am!


* You can say 하는 중이에요 in other forms as well.

Ex)

하고 있어요.

하고 있는 중이에요.


If you are upset, you can add -잖아요.

Ex)

하는 중이잖아요.

 

2.

A:  뭐 하는 중이었어요? = What were you doing?

B:  아무것도 안 했어요. = I didn’t do anything.

 

3.

A:  다 샀어요? = Did you buy everything?

B:  아직 고르는 중이에요. = I am still in the middle of choosing.

In this lesson at TalkToMeInKorean.com, we will be looking at how to say “I am in the middle of…-ing.” We introduced the structure -고 있다 in Level 2, Lesson 10 to say “I am…-ing”, and with the addition of 1 little word, 중, you can say things such as “I am in the middle of studying” or “What were you in the middle of doing?”
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