Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja]. Though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there.  You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!


Today’s keyword is 기.

The Chinese character for this is 機. There are many other Chinese characters (or Hanja letters) that are used for 기, so keep in mind that not all the words that have 기 in them have related meanings.


The word 기 (機) is related to “frame", "machine" or "loom".


기 (frame) + 계 (machine) = 기계 機械 [gi-gye] = machine

기 (frame) + 회 (to meet) = 기회 機會 [gi-hoe] = opportunity, chance

비 (to fly) + 행 (to go about) + 기 (machine) = 비행기 飛行機 [bi-haeng-gi] = airplane

기 (airplane) + 내 (inside) + 식 (food, meal) = 기내식 機內食 [gi-nae-sik] = in-flight meal

세 (to wash) + 탁 (to wash) + 기 (machine) = 세탁기 洗濯機 [se-tak-gi] = washing machine

전 (electricity) + 화 (to talk, dialog) + 기 (machine) = 전화기 電話機 [jeon-hwa-gi] = telephone

기 (frame) + 관 (relations) = 기관 機關 [gi-gwan] = organization


교육 (education) + 기관 (organization) = 교육 기관 敎育 機關 [gyo-yuk gi-gwan] = educational organization

언론 (press) + 기관 (organization) = 언론 기관 言論 機關 [eon-lon gi-gwan] = the media, the press

정부 (government) + 기관 (organization) = 정부 기관 政府 機關 [jeong-bu gi-gwan] = government organization


복 (to overlap) + 사 (to copy) + 기 (machine) = 복사기 複寫機 [bok-sa-gi] = copying machine

선 (fan) + 풍 (wind) + 기 (machine) = 선풍기 扇風機 [seon-pung-gi] = electric fan

자 (automatic, self) + 판 (to sell) + 기 (machine) = 자판기 自販機 = vending machine

계 (to count) + 산 (to count) + 기 (machine) = 계산기 計算機 calculator

발 (to generate, to develop) + 전 (electricity) + 기 (machine) = 발전기 發電機 = electricity generator

사 (to copy) + 진 (real) + 기 (machine) = 사진기 寫眞機 = camera

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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