Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

여러분, 안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are going to look at how you can use the endings -다니까(요)/-라니까(요) to repeat or emphasize what you’ve already said to someone who seems to have ignored it the first time. This is not a very polite expression, even by adding a 요, because it has the nuance of being slightly annoyed and “talking back”.

In this lesson, let us take a look at how to say things like "I said so!", "I told you!", "I told you that this is...", or "I said that I am ..." in Korean, repeating and emphasizing what you have already said before. In Korean, the key ending you need to use to express this is -다니까(요)/-라니까(요). This is not only used to repeat what you have said before, but also to make your point clear by emphasizing it one more time. For a review of how to say "I said that I ..." in a more neutral tone, check out Level 6, Lesson 11.


Using -다니까(요) with Verbs

In the present tense, descriptive verbs and action verbs are followed by different endings.


After descriptive verbs, you just add -다니까(요).


Ex)

바쁘다 [ba-ppeu-da] = to be busy

바쁘 + 다니까요 [ba-ppeu-da-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I'm busy. / I said I'm busy.


- 바쁘다니까요! (polite/formal)

- 바쁘다니까! (casual)


After action verbs, you add -(느)ㄴ다니까(요). You add -는다니까(요) after a verb stem ending with a consonant and -ㄴ다니까(요) after a verb stem ending with a vowel.


Ex)

모르다 [mo-reu-da] = to not know

모르 + -ㄴ다니까요 [mo-reun-da-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I don't know. / I said I don't know.


- 모른다니까요! (polite/formal)

- 모른다니까! (casual)


먹다 [meok-da] = to eat

먹 + -는다니까요 [meok-neun-da-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I am going to eat. / I said I'm eating.


- 먹는다니까요! (polite/formal)

- 먹는다니까! (casual)


In the past tense, both descriptive verbs and action verbs are followed by the same suffixes, -았/었/였 and then -다니까(요).


Ex)

몰랐다니까요. [mol-lat-da-ni-kka-yo.] = I said I didn't know.

벌써 다 했다니까요. [beol-sseo da haet-da-ni-kka-yo.] = I told you I already did it all.

진짜 맛있었다니까요. [jin-jja ma-si-sseot-da-ni-kka-yo.] = I told you it was really delicious.


Using -(이)라니까(요) with Nouns

After nouns, you need to add -(이)라니까(요). You add -이라니까(요) after nouns ending with a consonant and -라니까(요) after nouns ending with a vowel. Since the future tense is expressed through "verb stem + -을 거" and the word 거 is a noun, the future tense is also followed by -라니까(요).


Ex)

학생 [hak-saeng] = student

학생 + -이라니까요 [hak-saeng-i-ra-ni-kka-yo] = I said I'm a student.


가다 [ga-da] = to go

갈 거예요 [gal geo-ye-yo] = I will go.

갈 거라니까요 [gal geo-ra-ni-kka-yo] = I told you I'm going to go.


Using -(으)라니까(요) with Imperative

With imperatives, you need to add -(으)라니까(요) after the verb stem. You add -으라니까(요) after verb stems ending with a consonant and -라니까(요) after verb stems ending with a vowel.


Ex)

보다 [boda] = to look

보 + -라니까(요) = I said look!


잡다 [jap-da] = to grab

잡 + -(으)라니까(요) = I said grab it!


Sample Sentences

1. 빨리 오라니까요. [ppal-li o-ra-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said, come here quickly!


2. 알았다니까요! [a-rat-da-ni-kka-yo!]

= I said I got it!

= I said I understood!


3. 제가 안 했다니까요. [je-ga an haet-da-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said I didn't do it!


4. 저는 죄가 없다니까요. [jeo-neun joe-ga eop-da-ni-kka-yo.]

= I told you I'm innocent.


5. 혼자 갈 거라니까요. [hon-ja gal geo-ra-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said I'm going alone!


6. 저는 정말 몰랐다니까요. [jeo-neun jeong-mal mol-lat-da-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said I really didn't know.


7. 매일 운동한다니까요. [mae-il un-dong-han-da-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said I exercise everyday.


8. 다음달부터 열심히 공부할 거라니까요. [da-eum-dal-bu-teo yeol-si-mi gong-bu-hal geo-ra-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said I'm going to study hard starting next month!


9. 그럴 수도 있다니까요. [geu-reol su-do it-da-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said it's possible too.


10. 공부 좀 하라니까요. [gong-bu jom ha-ra-ni-kka-yo.]

= I said, “do some studying!”

여러분, 안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are going to look at how you can use the endings -다니까(요)/-라니까(요) to repeat or emphasize what you’ve already said to someone who seems to have ignored it the first time. This is not a very polite expression, even by adding a 요, because it has the nuance of being slightly annoyed and “talking back”.
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