Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

In our previous lesson, we learned how to say “they say…”, or “I hear that…” in Korean in order to re-tell someone what you’ve heard from someone else. The structures used for saying these are -(ㄴ/는)대(요) and -(이)래(요). In this lesson, we are going to look at how to say the same thing, but imply that you want a reaction or a response from the person you are telling the information to by using -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요.

In the previous lesson, we learned how to say “They say …”, or “I hear that …” in Korean in order to re-tell someone what you’ve heard from someone else. The structures used for saying these are -(ㄴ/는)대(요) and -(이)래(요). 

Let’s review a little bit.


1.

제 친구가 지금 바빠요. = My friend is busy now. 

→ 제 친구가 지금 바쁘대요. = My friend says that she is busy now.


2.

이게 제일 좋은 거예요. = This is the best one.

→ 이게 제일 좋은 거래요. = They say that this is the best one. 


And in this lesson, we are looking at the following structures:

1. -(ㄴ/는)다던데(요)

2. -(이)라던데(요)


Both of these are very similar to the structures introduced in the previous lesson. -(느)ㄴ다던데(요) is similar to -(ㄴ/는)대(요) (from the first review sentence above) and -(이)라던데(요) is similar to -(이)래(요). Just like -(ㄴ/는)대(요) is an abbreviation of -(ㄴ/는)다고 해(요), -(ㄴ/는)다던데(요) is an abbreviation of -(ㄴ/는)다고 하던데(요). The same applies to -(이)래(요) and -(이)라던데(요).


Difference between -(ㄴ/는)대(요) and -(ㄴ/는)다던데(요)

Whereas -(ㄴ/는)대(요) is used to mainly just re-tell a story or deliver certain information, when you use -(ㄴ/는)다던데(요), you imply that you want some kind of reaction or response from the listener. 


지금 와요. = She’s coming now.

지금 온대요. = She says she’s coming now. 

지금 온다던데요. = She says she’s coming now. (+ (ex) Should we wait?/What do you think?) 


유명해요. = He’s famous. 

유명하대요. = They say he’s famous. 

유명하다던데요. = They say he’s famous. (+ (ex) But you said otherwise, right?)


* The same applies to -(이)래(요) and -(이)라던데(요).


학생이에요. = He’s a student. 

학생이래요. = He says he’s a student. 

학생이라던데요. = He says he’s a student. (+ (ex) What shall we do then?)


공원이에요. = They are at a park. / It is a park. 

공원이래요. = They say they are at a park. 

공원이라던데요. = They say they are at a park. (+ (ex) Shall we go there?) 


Difference between -(ㄴ/는)다던데(요) and -(ㄴ/는)다는데(요)

There is a slight difference in nuance between -던데 and -는데, and it’s based on the fact that -던 is usually associated with the past tense whereas -는 is associated with the present tense. We are going to look at -던 in a more detail in a future lesson, so please just note the difference for now. 


지금 온다던데요. = They said that they would come here now. 

지금 온다는데요. = They are saying that they will come here now. 


유명하다던데요. = I heard that she’s famous. 

유명하다는데요. = He is saying that she’s famous. 


* The same applies to -(이)래(요), -(이)라던데(요) and -(이)라는데(요).


학생이라던데요. = They told me that they were students. 

학생이라는데요. = They say that they are students. 


공원이라던데요. = They said that they were at a park.

공원이라는데요. = They say that they are at a park. 


Sample Sentences

1. 여기 위험하다던데요. 

[yeo-gi wi-heom-ha-da-deon-de-yo.]

= I heard that this place is dangerous. (+ (ex) What do you think?)


2. 혼자 갈 거라던데요. 

[hon-ja gal geo-ra-deon-de-yo.]

= She said she would go there alone. (+ (ex) Shall I talk to her again? / You can’t go with her.)


3. 그 사람도 모른다던데요.

[geu sa-ram-do mo-reun-da-deon-de-yo.]

= He said that he doesn’t know either. (+ (ex) So why keep asking him?)


4. 벌써 다 끝났다던데요.

[beol-sseo da kkeut-nat-da-deon-de-yo.]

= They said that it was already all over. (+ (ex) There was nothing I could do.)


5. 한국에 겨울에 가면 많이 춥다던데요. 

[han-gu-geo gyeo-u-re ga-myeon ma-ni chup-da-deon-de-yo.]

= I heard that it’s very cold in Korea if you go there in winter. (+ (ex) Perhaps you should pack more clothes.)

In our previous lesson, we learned how to say “they say…”, or “I hear that…” in Korean in order to re-tell someone what you’ve heard from someone else. The structures used for saying these are -(ㄴ/는)대(요) and -(이)래(요). In this lesson, we are going to look at how to say the same thing, but imply that you want a reaction or a response from the person you are telling the information to by using -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요.
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