Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

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No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

Making reported questions / -냐고

Just as in the last few lessons, this type of structure is used when you are reporting to someone what another person has said to/asked you. In this lesson, we will be looking at how to use the ending -냐고 [-nya-go] to form reported questions such as,” I asked him when he was going to finish his work” and “He asked me how old I was.”

In this lesson, let’s take a look at how to make reported questions in Korean. Reported questions are questions within sentences such as, “I asked him when he was going to finish his work”; “He asked me how old I was”; etc. In writing, you can quote the actual questions word for word, but when you speak with others, it is more natural to form reported question sentences. Let’s learn how to do that in Korean. 


Construction

To make a reported question, you use the ending -냐고 [-nya-go] and add a question-related word. 


Verb stem + -냐고 + Question related word


Examples of question related words

1. 묻다 [mut-da] = to ask

2. 물어보다 [mu-reo-bo-da] = to ask 

3. 말하다 [ma-ra-da] = to say 

4. 질문하다 [jil-mu-na-da] = to ask a question


Examples of reported questions

1. 

학생이에요? 

= Are you a student?


→ 학생 + -이 (verb stem) + -냐고 

→ 학생이냐고 

→ 학생이냐고 물어봤어요. 

= They asked me if I was a student. / I asked her if she was a student.


2. 

뭐예요? 

= What is it?


→ 뭐 + -이 (verb stem) + -냐고 

→ 뭐(이)냐고 → 뭐냐고 

→ 뭐냐고 물어봤어요. 

= She asked what this is. / I asked what it is. / They asked what that is.


3. 

누가 그렇게 말했어요? 

= Who said so? 


→ 누가 + 그렇게 + 말하 (verb stem) + -았/었/였 (past tense suffix) + -냐고 

→ 누가 그렇게 말했냐고 

→ 누가 그렇게 말했냐고 물었어요.

= I asked who said so. / They asked who said such a thing.


* After a noun, you need to add 이다 (= to be) to make it a verb, but when the noun ends with a vowel and without the last consonant, you can omit -이. For example, 누구 is followed by 이다, but when also followed by -냐고, it changes to 누구냐고 instead of 누구이냐고. 


Sample Sentences

1. 몇 시에 올 거냐고 물어보세요.

[myeot si-e ol geo-nya-go mu-reo-bo-se-yo.]

= Ask him what time he will come here.


2. 왜 안 왔냐고 물어봤는데, 대답을 안 해요.

[wae an wat-nya-go mu-reo-bwat-neun-de, dae-da-beul an hae-yo.]

= I asked him why he didn’t come here, but he won’t answer.


3. 저한테 어디 가냐고 말했어요.

[jeo-han-te eo-di ga-nya-go ma-rae-sseo-yo.]

= He asked me where I was going.


4. 저는 몇 살이냐고 물어보는 게 제일 싫어요.

[jeo-neun myeot sa-ri-nya-go mu-reo-bo-neun ge je-il si-reo-yo.]

= I hate it the most when people ask me how old I am.


5. 저도 가야 되냐고 물어봐 주세요. 

[jeo-do ga-ya doe-nya-go mu-reo-bwa ju-se-yo.]

= Please ask them if I have to come along, too.

Just as in the last few lessons, this type of structure is used when you are reporting to someone what another person has said to/asked you. In this lesson, we will be looking at how to use the ending -냐고 [-nya-go] to form reported questions such as,” I asked him when he was going to finish his work” and “He asked me how old I was.”
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