Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

Sentence Building Drill 10

In this series, we look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons.

In this series, we focus on how you can use the grammatical rules and expressions that you have learned so far to train yourself to make more Korean sentences more comfortably and more flexibly.

We will start off with THREE key sentences, and practice changing parts of these sentences so that you don’t end up just memorizing the same three sentences. We want you to be able to be as flexible as possible with the Korean sentences you can make. 


Key Sentence #1

어제 효진 씨를 만났는데, 머리를 빨간 색으로 염색했더라고요. 

[eo-je hyo-jin ssi-reul man-nat-neun-de, meo-ri-reul ppal-gan sae-geu-ro yeom-sae-kaet-deo-ra-go-yo.]

= I met Hyojin yesterday and I saw that she had dyed her hair red. 


Key Sentence #2

경화 씨는 일 끝난 다음에 친구 만난대요. 

[kyeong-hwa ssi-neun il kkeut-nan da-eu-me chin-gu man-nan-dae-yo.]

= Kyung-hwa says she is going to meet her friends after her work finishes. 


Key Sentence #3

아무리 피곤해도 지금 자면 안 돼요.

[a-mu-ri pi-gon-hae-do ji-geum ja-myeon an dwae-yo.]

= No matter how tired you are, you shouldn’t sleep now.



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #1


0. Original Sentence:

어제 효진 씨를 만났는데, 머리를 빨간색으로 염색했더라고요. 

= I met Hyojin yesterday and you know what, I saw that she had dyed her hair red. 


1.

어제 효진 씨를 만났는데 = I met Hyojin yesterday, and you know what, 

어제 친구들이랑 영화를 봤는데 = I saw a movie with my friends yesterday, and you know what,

저도 그 책 읽었는데 = I read that book too, and you know what,

석진 씨한테 물어봤는데 = I asked Seokjin, and you know what, 

집에 가서 냉장고 문을 열었는데 = I went home and opened the refrigerator door, and you know what, 


2.

머리를 빨간색으로 염색했더라고요. = I saw that she had dyed her hair red.

사람이 정말 많더라고요. = (I saw that) there were so many people there.

이게 제일 좋더라고요. = (I know from my experience that) this one is the best.

정말 재미있더라고요. = I found it a lot of fun. 

생각보다 어렵더라고요. = I found it more difficult than I had thought.



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #2


0. Original Sentence:

경화 씨는 일 끝난 다음에 친구 만난대요. 

= Kyung-hwa says she is going to meet her friends after her work finishes. 


1. 

일 끝난 다음에 = after work finishes

책 다 읽은 다음에 = after you finish reading the book

영화 본 다음에 = after we watch the movie

이메일 답장 한 다음에 = after I reply to the email

집에 간 다음에 = after you go home


2. 

친구 만난대요 = she says that she’s going to meet a friend 

오늘 서울은 날씨가 춥대요. = I hear that the weather is cold in Seoul today.

경화 씨가 오늘 효진 씨 만날 거래요. = Kyung-hwa says that she will meet Hyojin today.

여기 스파게티 정말 맛있대요. = I hear that the spaghetti here is really delicious.

윤아 씨 오늘 바쁘대요. = Yoona says that she’s busy today. 



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #3


0. Original Sentence:

아무리 피곤해도 지금 자면 안 돼요.

= No matter how tired you are, you shouldn’t sleep now.


1. 

아무리 피곤해도 = no matter how tired you are

아무리 어려워도 = no matter how difficult it is

아무리 화가 나도 = no matter how upset you are

날씨가 아무리 추워도 = no matter how cold the weather is

책을 아무리 많이 읽어도 = no matter how many books you read


2. 

지금 자면 안 돼요 = you shouldn’t sleep now

이거 잃어버리면 안 돼요 = you shouldn’t lose it

혼자 가면 안 돼요 = you shouldn’t go there alone

늦으면 안 돼요 = you shouldn’t be late

술 너무 많이 마시면 안 돼요 = you shouldn’t drink too much alcohol 

In this series, we look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons.
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