Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

In this lesson, you can add a little more ‘oomph’ to your Korean reported speech by studying how to use -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요. By learning to use this phrase, you’ll be combining the things you learned in Level 5 Lesson 27 with some of the things you learned in our 4 more recent lessons.

In the past few lesson, we have looked at various ways of making reported speech sentences. In this lesson, let us take a look at the verb ending -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요. We introduced a similar ending, -잖아요, in Level 5 Lesson 27, which is used to express “Don’t you see that …”, “Come on, isn’t it …”, etc. By adding the -(ㄴ/는)다/-라 before -잖아요, you add a ‘reported speech’ function to it. 


Review of -잖아요

1. 석진 씨 지금 여기 없어요. = Seokjin is not here now. 

→ 석진 씨 지금 여기 없잖아요. = Don’t you see that Seokjin is not here now?


2. 오늘 일요일이에요. = Today is Sunday.

→ 오늘 일요일이잖아요. = Come on, it’s Sunday.


Usage of -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

The construction is the same as in other structures that have -(ㄴ/는)다 or -라. In the present tense, you add -ㄴ/는다 for action verbs and just -다 with descriptive verbs. With nouns, you add -이 from 이다 and add -라. 


The meaning of this structure is the combination of -(ㄴ/는)다고/-라고 (reported speech, quotation) and -잖아요. Therefore, you can use this structure when you want to say “Don’t you see that...” or “Come on …” while quoting someone. 


Ex) 

좋아요. = It’s good.

좋잖아요. = Come on, it’s good. / Isn’t it good?

좋다잖아요. = Come on, they say it’s good. / Come on, they say they like it. 


여기 없어요. = He’s not here.

여기 없잖아요. = Don’t you see he’s not here?

여기 없다잖아요. = Didn’t you hear them say he’s not here?


혼자 가요. = I go there by myself.

혼자 가잖아요. = You know I go there alone.

혼자 간다잖아요. = Don’t you hear me saying that I’m going there alone?


친구 만날 거예요. = He will meet a friend.

친구 만날 거잖아요. = You know he will meet a friend.

친구 만날 거라잖아요. = Come on, he says he will meet a friend. 


Sample Sentences

1. 싫다잖아요. 하지 마세요.

[sil-ta-ja-na-yo. ha-ji ma-se-yo.]

= She says she doesn’t like it. Don’t do it.


2. 효진 씨 지금 바쁘다잖아요.

[hyojin ssi ji-geum ba-ppeu-da-ja-na-yo.]

= Come on, Hyojin says she is busy now. 

= Don’t you hear Hyojin saying she’s busy now?


3. 실수였다잖아요. 용서해 줘요.

[sil-su-yeot-da-ja-na-yo. yong-seo-hae jwo-yo.]

= He says it was a mistake. Forgive him.


4. 아니라잖아요. 왜 그 사람 말을 안 믿어요?

[a-ni-ra-ja-na-yo. wae geu sa-ram ma-reul an mi-deo-yo?]

= Don’t you hear him saying it’s not true? Why do you not believe what he says?


5. 맞다잖아요!

[mat-da-ja-na-yo!]

= You see? He says it’s true!

In this lesson, you can add a little more ‘oomph’ to your Korean reported speech by studying how to use -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요. By learning to use this phrase, you’ll be combining the things you learned in Level 5 Lesson 27 with some of the things you learned in our 4 more recent lessons.
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