I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요
To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다
To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다
Like + N / -같이, -처럼
As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼
Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)
Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자
I saw that ... so / -길래
Because I was... / -느라고
Sentence Building Drill 9
Making Things Happen (Causative)
I saw that... / -더라(고요)
Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)
No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도
What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?
I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)
They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요
They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요
Making reported questions / -냐고
Sentence Building Drill 10
Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요
Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)
No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나
Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state
To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다
On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가
As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면
The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것
So that …, to the point where … / -도록
Sentence Building Drill 11
In the previous lesson (Level 7 Lesson 24), we looked at how you can combine the Passive Voice form with -어 있다 to express a “resultant state”. In this lesson, we are looking at a similar, yet fixed, structure using the verb 되다.
되다 = to become, to be done
되다 can be the verb “to become”, but it can also work as the passive voice of the verb 하다 and mean “to be done”.
-게 되다 = to get to do something, to gradually do something
-게 되다 (Level 4 Lesson 29) expresses how someone or something happens, comes to be in or becomes a certain state
-게 되어 있다 = to be destined to do something, to be bound to be in a certain state
“Passive Voice + -어 있다” expresses a “resultant state” of things, therefore when you say -게 되어 있다, you mean that something is “bound” to be in a certain state or “destined” to happen in a certain way.
알다 = to know
알게 되다 = to get to know,
알게 되어 있다 = to be in a situation where you are bound to know or find out
보이다 = to be seen
보이게 되다 = to become visible
보이게 되어 있다 = can’t help but be visible
하다 = to do
하게 되다 = to get to do
하게 되어 있다 = to be bound to do, to have no other choice but to do
1. 공부는 정말 필요하면 열심히 하게 되어 있어요.
[gong-bu-neun jeong-mal pi-ryo-ha-myeon yeol-sim-hi ha-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]
= As for studying, if it’s really necessary, you are bound to study hard.
2. 아무리 게을러도, 손님이 오면 청소를 하게 되어 있어요.
[a-mu-ri ge-eul-leo-do, son-ni-mi o-myeon cheong-so-reul ha-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]
= No matter how lazy you are, you are bound to clean the house when a guest comes.
3. 아무리 바빠도, 데이트 시간은 생기게 되어 있어요.
[a-mu-ri ba-ppa-do, de-i-teu si-ga-neun saeng-gi-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]
= No matter how busy you are, you somehow always find time for dating.
4. 영원한 비밀은 없어요. 사람들이 알게 되어 있어요.
[yeong-won-han bi-mi-reun eop-seo-yo. sa-ram-deu-ri al-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]
= There is no eternal secret. People will eventually find out.
5. 재미있게 공부하면 성적도 좋아지게 되어 있어요.
[jae-mi-it-ge gong-bu-ha-myeon seong-jeok-do jo-a-ji-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]
= If you have fun while studying, your grades are bound to get better.