Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

In the previous lesson (Level 7 Lesson 24), we looked at how you can combine the Passive Voice form with -어 있다 to express a “resultant state”. In this lesson, we are looking at a similar, yet fixed, structure using the verb 되다. Come join us as we discuss how to use this structure to make your Korean sound more fluent and natural!

In the previous lesson (Level 7 Lesson 24), we looked at how you can combine the Passive Voice form with -어 있다 to express a “resultant state”. In this lesson, we are looking at a similar, yet fixed, structure using the verb 되다. 


되다 = to become, to be done

되다 can be the verb “to become”, but it can also work as the passive voice of the verb 하다 and mean “to be done”.


-게 되다 = to get to do something, to gradually do something

-게 되다 (Level 4 Lesson 29) expresses how someone or something happens, comes to be in or becomes a certain state


-게 되어 있다 = to be destined to do something, to be bound to be in a certain state

“Passive Voice + -어 있다” expresses a “resultant state” of things, therefore when you say -게 되어 있다, you mean that something is “bound” to be in a certain state or “destined” to happen in a certain way. 


Examples

1. 

알다 = to know

알게 되다 = to get to know, 

알게 되어 있다 = to be in a situation where you are bound to know or find out


2. 

보이다 = to be seen

보이게 되다 = to become visible

보이게 되어 있다 = can’t help but be visible


3. 

하다 = to do

하게 되다 = to get to do 

하게 되어 있다 = to be bound to do, to have no other choice but to do 


Sample Sentences

1. 공부는 정말 필요하면 열심히 하게 되어 있어요.

[gong-bu-neun jeong-mal pi-ryo-ha-myeon yeol-sim-hi ha-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]

= As for studying, if it’s really necessary, you are bound to study hard. 


2. 아무리 게을러도, 손님이 오면 청소를 하게 되어 있어요.

[a-mu-ri ge-eul-leo-do, son-ni-mi o-myeon cheong-so-reul ha-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]

= No matter how lazy you are, you are bound to clean the house when a guest comes. 


3. 아무리 바빠도, 데이트 시간은 생기게 되어 있어요.

[a-mu-ri ba-ppa-do, de-i-teu si-ga-neun saeng-gi-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]

= No matter how busy you are, you somehow always find time for dating.


4. 영원한 비밀은 없어요. 사람들이 알게 되어 있어요.

[yeong-won-han bi-mi-reun eop-seo-yo. sa-ram-deu-ri al-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]

= There is no eternal secret. People will eventually find out. 


5. 재미있게 공부하면 성적도 좋아지게 되어 있어요.

[jae-mi-it-ge gong-bu-ha-myeon seong-jeok-do jo-a-ji-ge doe-eo i-sseo-yo.]

= If you have fun while studying, your grades are bound to get better.

In the previous lesson (Level 7 Lesson 24), we looked at how you can combine the Passive Voice form with -어 있다 to express a “resultant state”. In this lesson, we are looking at a similar, yet fixed, structure using the verb 되다. Come join us as we discuss how to use this structure to make your Korean sound more fluent and natural!
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