Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

In this TTMIK lesson, we will introduce the verb ending -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가. By adding this ending to a verb stem, you will be able to say “In addition to -verb-…” or “On top of -verb-…”, allowing you to construct sentences such as “In addition to being smart, Kyunghwa is also really pretty” or “Hyunwoo is an author on top of being a business owner also”. With this verb ending, the possibilities are endless and your Korean sentences will sound much more fluent.

In this lesson, let us take a look at how to say “in addition to + V-ing” or “on top of + V-ing” in Korean. The structure we are looking at is “-(으/느)ㄴ 데다가". 


How it is formed

“데” by itself means “a place” or “a spot” , but it is always attached another Korean word, like in “아픈 데", which means a place that hurts (on your body).


-(에)다가 means “adding to this” or “to this place” as in, “put it over here” (“여기에다가 놓으세요”) or “I left it at home” (“집에다가 두고 왔어요”). 


By adding 데 to -(에)다가 , 데다가 is formed, which means “on the place of...” or “adding to the spot where...”. When -(으/느)ㄴ is used, it connects other verbs with 데다가. All together, -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가 means “on top of …” or “in addition to …” 


Construction

[Present tense]

Action verb + -는 데다가 

Ex) 먹다 → 먹는 데다가 


Descriptive verb + -(으)ㄴ 데다가 

Ex) 예쁘다 → 예쁜 데다가 


[Past tense]

Verb stem + -(으)ㄴ 데다가 

Ex) 먹다 → 먹은 데다가 


Examples

1. 

예쁘다 = to be pretty

예쁜 데다가 = in addition to being pretty


2. 

바쁘다 = to be busy

바쁜 데다가 = in addition to being busy


3. 

비싸다 = to be expensive

비싼 데다가 = in addition to being expensive


When using -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가 in a sentence, it is usually followed by a clause that is consistent with the previous. Therefore, the two clauses in the sentence should be consistent with each other, and -도 (also) is often used in the second clause.


Sample Sentences

1. 석진 씨는 잘생긴 데다가 키도 커요. 

[seok-jin ssi-neun jal-saeng-gin de-da-ga ki-do keo-yo.]

In addition to being handsome, Seokjin is also tall. 


2. 효진 씨는 똑똑한 데다가 공부도 열심히 해요.

[hyo-jin ssi-neun ttok-tto-kan de-da-ga gong-bu-do yeol-si-mi hae-yo.]

In addition to being smart, Hyojin studies hard too.


3. 경은 씨는 예쁜 데다가 성격도 좋아요. 

[gyeong-eun ssi-neun ye-ppeun de-da-ga seong-gyeok-do jo-a-yo.]

In addition to being pretty, Kyeong-eun also has a nice personality.


4. 이 식당은 시끄러운 데다가 맛도 없어요.

[i sik-dang-eun si-kkeu-reo-un de-da-ga mat-do eop-seo-yo.]

In addition to being noisy, this restaurant’s food is also not good.


5. 경화 씨는 친구가 많은 데다가 하는 일도 많아서 만나기 어려워요. 

[gyeong-hwa ssi-neun chin-gu-ga ma-neun de-da-ga ha-neun il-do ma-na-seo man-na-gi eo-ryeo-wo-yo.]

In addition to having a lot of friends, Kyung-hwa also does lots of things, so it’s difficult to meet her.

In this TTMIK lesson, we will introduce the verb ending -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가. By adding this ending to a verb stem, you will be able to say “In addition to -verb-…” or “On top of -verb-…”, allowing you to construct sentences such as “In addition to being smart, Kyunghwa is also really pretty” or “Hyunwoo is an author on top of being a business owner also”. With this verb ending, the possibilities are endless and your Korean sentences will sound much more fluent.
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