I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요
To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다
To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다
Like + N / -같이, -처럼
As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼
Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)
Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자
I saw that ... so / -길래
Because I was... / -느라고
Sentence Building Drill 9
Making Things Happen (Causative)
I saw that... / -더라(고요)
Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)
No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도
What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?
I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)
They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요
They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요
Making reported questions / -냐고
Sentence Building Drill 10
Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요
Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)
No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나
Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state
To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다
On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가
As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면
The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것
So that …, to the point where … / -도록
Sentence Building Drill 11
In Level 6 Lesson 15, we looked at the structure -(이)라는 것, which can be used to express what you think is the definition or the nature of something. You can do the same with verbs, except with a slightly different structure.
Let’s review a little bit first.
Noun + -(이)라는 것
= What I call “Noun” is ...
= (I think that) “Noun” is …
평화라는 것은 …
= (I think that) Peace is …
우정이라는 것은 …
= (In my opinion, the nature of) Friendship is …
And in order to express the same thing with verbs, you need to use the structure, -(ㄴ/는)다는 것.
Verb stem + -(ㄴ/는)다는 것
-(ㄴ/는)다는 것 originally comes from -(ㄴ/는)다고 하는 것, which means “the thing that is called + Verb” and it is used to express what you think the definition or the nature of a certain action/state/verb.
배우다 = to learn
배우 + -ㄴ다는 것 --> 배운다는 것 = the act of learning
배운다는 것은 언제나 즐거운 일이에요. = Learning is always a pleasant thing to do.
살다 = to live
사 + -ㄴ다는 것 --> 산다는 것 = the act of living, life
외국에 산다는 것은 가끔 힘들 때도 있어요. = The nature of living overseas is that there are sometimes hard times.
** Sometimes, -(ㄴ/는)다는 것 can be combined with the following particle and shortened to -(느/는)다는 건 (combined with -은) or -(느/는)다는 게 (-이).
하다 --> 한다는 것이 = 한다는 게
하다 --> 한다는 것은 = 한다는 건
1. 혼자 공부한다는 것은 생각만큼 쉽지 않아요.
[hon-ja gong-bu-han-da-neun geo-seun saeng-gak-man-keum swip-ji a-na-yo.]
= Studying alone is not as easy as you think.
2. 주말에도 회사에 가야 한다는 건 정말 슬픈 일이에요.
[ju-ma-re-do hoe-sa-e ga-ya han-da-neun geon jeong-mal seul-peun i-ri-e-yo.]
= Having to go to work on the weekend is so sad.
3. 아이를 키운다는 건 참 힘든 일이에요.
[a-i-reul ki-un-da-neun geon cham him-deun i-ri-e-yo.]
= Raising a child is very tough.
4. 한국에서 유명한 가수가 된다는 건 정말 어려운 일이에요.
[han-gu-ge-seo yu-myeong-han ga-su-ga doen-da-neun geon jeong-mal eo-ryeo-un i-ri-e-yo.]
= Becoming a famous singer in Korea is a very difficult thing.
5. 장학금을 받는다는 것은 정말 대단한 일이에요.
[jang-hak-geu-meul bat-neun-da-neun geo-seun jeong-mal dae-da-nan i-ri-e-yo.]
= Receiving scholarship is (an) amazing (achievement).