Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

In Level 6 Lesson 15, we looked at the structure -(이)라는 것, which can be used to express what you think is the definition or the nature of something. You can do the same with verbs, except with a slightly different structure. Be sure to check out all the sample sentences and practice by making your own sentences in the comment!

In Level 6 Lesson 15, we looked at the structure -(이)라는 것, which can be used to express what you think is the definition or the nature of something. You can do the same with verbs, except with a slightly different structure. 

Let’s review a little bit first.


Noun + -(이)라는 것

= What I call “Noun” is ...

= (I think that) “Noun” is …


Ex)

평화라는 것은 …

= (I think that) Peace is …


우정이라는 것은 … 

= (In my opinion, the nature of) Friendship is …


And in order to express the same thing with verbs, you need to use the structure, -(ㄴ/는)다는 것. 


Verb stem + -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

-(ㄴ/는)다는 것 originally comes from -(ㄴ/는)다고 하는 것, which means “the thing that is called + Verb” and it is used to express what you think the definition or the nature of a certain action/state/verb. 


Examples:

배우다 = to learn

배우 + -ㄴ다는 것 --> 배운다는 것 = the act of learning 

배운다는 것은 언제나 즐거운 일이에요. = Learning is always a pleasant thing to do.


살다 = to live

사 + -ㄴ다는 것 --> 산다는 것 = the act of living, life

외국에 산다는 것은 가끔 힘들 때도 있어요. = The nature of living overseas is that there are sometimes hard times. 

** Sometimes, -(ㄴ/는)다는 것 can be combined with the following particle and shortened to -(느/는)다는 건 (combined with -은) or -(느/는)다는 게 (-이). 


Ex)

하다 --> 한다는 것이 = 한다는 게

하다 --> 한다는 것은 = 한다는 건 


Sample Sentences

1. 혼자 공부한다는 것은 생각만큼 쉽지 않아요. 

[hon-ja gong-bu-han-da-neun geo-seun saeng-gak-man-keum swip-ji a-na-yo.]

= Studying alone is not as easy as you think.


2. 주말에도 회사에 가야 한다는 건 정말 슬픈 일이에요. 

[ju-ma-re-do hoe-sa-e ga-ya han-da-neun geon jeong-mal seul-peun i-ri-e-yo.]

= Having to go to work on the weekend is so sad.


3. 아이를 키운다는 건 참 힘든 일이에요.

[a-i-reul ki-un-da-neun geon cham him-deun i-ri-e-yo.]

= Raising a child is very tough.


4. 한국에서 유명한 가수가 된다는 건 정말 어려운 일이에요. 

[han-gu-ge-seo yu-myeong-han ga-su-ga doen-da-neun geon jeong-mal eo-ryeo-un i-ri-e-yo.]

= Becoming a famous singer in Korea is a very difficult thing.


5. 장학금을 받는다는 것은 정말 대단한 일이에요.

[jang-hak-geu-meul bat-neun-da-neun geo-seun jeong-mal dae-da-nan i-ri-e-yo.]

= Receiving scholarship is (an) amazing (achievement).

In Level 6 Lesson 15, we looked at the structure -(이)라는 것, which can be used to express what you think is the definition or the nature of something. You can do the same with verbs, except with a slightly different structure. Be sure to check out all the sample sentences and practice by making your own sentences in the comment!
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