Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

Do you know how to say that something is like something? Yes, you use the expression 같아요. But how about when you want to say “to do” something “like something” (i.e. to walk like a robot)? You need to use -같이 or -처럼 to form an adverb. Listen to this lesson to find out more about these expressions!

In this lesson, we are looking at the words -같이 and -처럼. They are both particles (used after nouns) that mean “like + N”. When you use -같이 or -처럼 after a word, the word group works like an adverb in a sentence. (i.e. “like a robot”, “like a Korean girl”, etc.)

Many people make the mistake of using -같이 and 처럼 with the verb for “to be”, but more on that later in this lesson. 


Noun + -같이/처럼 = like + N, as + N

1. 종이 + -처럼 = 종이처럼 [jong-i-cheo-reom] = like paper

2. 로봇 + -처럼 = 로봇처럼 [ro-bot-cheo-reom] = like a robot

→ 종이처럼 가볍다 = to be light like paper

→ 로봇처럼 걷다 = to walk like a robot


Examples

1. 저처럼 해 보세요. 

[jeo-cheo-reom hae bo-se-yo.]

= Try doing it like I do.


2. 그 사람은 한국어를 한국 사람처럼 잘해요.

[geu sa-ra-meun han-gu-geo-reul han-guk sa-ram-cheo-reom ja-rae-yo.]

= He speaks Korean well like a Korean person. 


3. 제가 어제 말한 것처럼 했어요?

[je-ga eo-je ma-ran geot-cheo-reom hae-sseo-yo?]

= Did you do it like I said yesterday?


All the sentences above can be written with -같이 in the place of -처럼, too, but only some of them are “very” natural. 

→ 저같이 해 보세요.

→ 그 사람은 한국어를 한국 사람같이 잘해요.

→ 제가 어제 말한 것같이 했어요?

** -처럼 and -같이 are interchangeable in most cases and which sounds more natural depends on the person’s opinion. 


같이 and -같이

Even though they are basically the same word, there is a difference in the meaning between when you say -같이 after a noun and 같이 independently. When 같이 is used independently as an adverb, it means “together”. In this case, you would often need the particle -와 or -(이)랑 that means “with”. 


Ex) 

저 사람같이 하세요

[jeo sa-ram-ga-chi ha-se-yo.]

= Do like that person does.


저 사람이랑 같이 하세요.

[jeo sa-ra-mi-rang ga-chi ha-se-yo.]

= Do it together with that person.


-같이 and 같은

When you add -같이 after a noun, it works as an adverb. And when you want to make the expression work as an adjective, you can add 같은 instead of -같이. This does not apply to -처럼.


Ex)

저 같은 사람 

[jeo ga-teun sa-ram]

= a person like me

= somebody like me


Sample Sentences

1. 강아지가 곰처럼 생겼어요.

[gang-a-ji-ga gom-cheo-reom saeng-gyeo-sseo-yo.]

= The puppy looks like a bear.


2. 오늘은 일요일 같은 월요일이에요.

[o-neu-reun i-ryo-il ga-teun wo-ryo-i-ri-e-yo.]

= Today is a Monday (that feels) like a Sunday.


3. 제 친구는 미국인인데 영어를 영국 사람처럼 해요.

[je chin-gu-neun mi-gu-gi-nin-de yeong-eo-reul yeong-guk sa-ram-cheo-reom hae-yo.]

= My friend is American but s/he speaks English like a British person.


4. 왜 집을 요새처럼 만들었어요?

[wae ji-beul yo-sae-cheo-reom man-deu-reo-sseo-yo?]

= Why did you make your house like a fortress?


5. 바보처럼 정말 그 말을 믿었어요?

[ba-bo-cheo-reom jeong-mal geu ma-reul mi-deo-sseo-yo?]

= Did you really believe that like a fool?

Do you know how to say that something is like something? Yes, you use the expression 같아요. But how about when you want to say “to do” something “like something” (i.e. to walk like a robot)? You need to use -같이 or -처럼 to form an adverb. Listen to this lesson to find out more about these expressions!
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