I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요
To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다
To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다
Like + N / -같이, -처럼
As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼
Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)
Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자
I saw that ... so / -길래
Because I was... / -느라고
Sentence Building Drill 9
Making Things Happen (Causative)
I saw that... / -더라(고요)
Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)
No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도
What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?
I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)
They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요
They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요
Making reported questions / -냐고
Sentence Building Drill 10
Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요
Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)
No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나
Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state
To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다
On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가
As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면
The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것
So that …, to the point where … / -도록
Sentence Building Drill 11
Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja]. Though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!
Today’s keyword is 원.
These Chinese character for this is 院.
There are many other Chinese characters (or Hanja letters) that are used for 원, so keep in mind that not all the words that have 원 in them have related meanings.
The word 원 (院) is related to “house” and “institute”.
대 (big) + 학 (study) + 원 (house) = 대학원 大學院 [dae-ha-gwon] = graduate school
병 (sickness) + 원 (house) = 병원 病院 [byeong-won] = hospital
원 (house) + 장 (head) = 원장 院長 [won-jang] = head of an organization or an institute of which name ends with -원
학 (study) + 원 (house) = 학원 學院 [ha-gwon] = private school, institute
연수 (training, education) + 원 (house) = 연수원 硏修院 [yeon-su-won] = training institute
퇴 (to retreat, to go back) + 원 (house) = 퇴원 退院 [toe-won] = leaving the hospital
입 (to enter) + 원 (house) = 입원 入院 [i-bwon] = being hospitalized, hospitalization
법 (law) + 원 (house) = 법원 法院 [beo-bwon] = court of law
연구 (research) + 원 (house) = 연구원 硏究院 [yeon-gu-won] = research center
고 (lonely) + 아 (child) + 원 (house) = 고아원 孤兒院 [go-a-won] = orphanage