Level 7 Korean Grammar

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1

I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요

2

To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다

3

To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다

4

Like + N / -같이, -처럼

5

As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼

6

Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)

7

Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자

8

I saw that ... so / -길래

9

Because I was... / -느라고

10

Sentence Building Drill 9

11

Making Things Happen (Causative)

12

I saw that... / -더라(고요)

13

Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)

14

No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도

15

What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?

16

I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)

17

They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요

18

They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요

19

Making reported questions / -냐고

20

Sentence Building Drill 10

21

Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요

22

Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)

23

No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나

24

Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state

25

To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다

26

On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가

27

As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면

28

The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것

29

So that …, to the point where … / -도록

30

Sentence Building Drill 11

I saw that ... so / -길래

Learn how to use the verb ending -길래 to form sentences like “I saw that you like chocolate, so I bought some for you.” in Korean. -길래 is similar to -아/어/여서 and -(으)니까, but is more commonly used when you want to express your decision to do something based on your observation of a state or situation.

In this lesson, let's look at the structure -길래. -길래 basically expresses a reason that an action is done, but mostly when you have intentionally done something as a result of observing and judging a situation.

You can use -길래 mainly when you are talking about (1) doing something as a result of observation, (2) doing something as a result of judging a situation and (3) asking the reason/background for a decision. And since you usually talk about the reason for an action and the reason, too, the sentence is usually in the past or present tense.


Structure

Verb stem + -길래 + <result action>


Usages

1. Doing something as a result of observation


비가 오다 (= to rain)

--> 비가 오길래

--> 비가 오길래 우산을 가져왔어요.

(= It was raining so I brought my umbrella.)


맛있다 (= to be delicious)

--> 맛있길래

--> 맛있길래 더 사왔어요.

(= It was delicious so I bought some more.)


사람이 많다 (= to be crowded)

--> 사람이 많길래

--> 사람이 많길래 그냥 나왔어요.

(= There were a lot of people so I just left the place.)


2. Doing something as a result of judging a situation


비가 올 것 같다 (= to seem like it's going to rain)

--> 비가 올 것 같길래

--> 비가 올 것 같길래 그냥 집에 있었어요.

(= It looked like it was going to rain, so I just stayed at home.)


곧 문을 닫을 것 같다 (= to seem like they will close the door soon)

--> 곧 문을 닫을 것 같길래

--> 서점이 곧 문을 닫을 것 같길래 그냥 돌아왔어요.

(= The bookstore looked like it was going to close soon so I just came back.)


3. Asking the reason/background for a decision


어디에 있다 (= to be where)

--> 어디에 있길래

--> 지금 어디에 있길래 이렇게 시끄러워요?

(= Where are you now? It's so noisy (as a result of that)!)


뭐 했다 (= to have done what)

--> 뭐 했길래

--> 뭐 했길래 이렇게 지쳤어요?

(= What did you do to be so tired?)


뭐라고 말했다 (= to have said what)

--> 뭐라고 말했길래

--> 경화 씨가 뭐라고 말했길래 이렇게 신났어요?

(= What did Kyung-hwa say to make you so excited?)


Sample Sentences

1. 무슨 이야기를 들었길래 그렇게 열심히 공부해요?

[mu-seun i-ya-gi-reul deu-reot-gil-lae geu-reo-ke yeol-si-mi gong-bu-hae-yo?]

= What kind of story did you hear to study so hard?

= What did they tell you? Why are you studying so hard?


2. 어디에 가길래 그렇게 짐을 많이 싸요?

[eo-di-e ga-gil-lae geu-reo-ke ji-meul ma-ni ssa-yo?]

= Where are you going to be packing so much?

= Where are you going? You're packing so much stuff!


3. 누구를 만나길래 그렇게 화장을 열심히 해요?

[nu-gu-reul man-na-gil-lae geu-reo-ke hwa-jang-eul yeol-si-mi hae-yo?]

= Who are you meeting to be putting on so much make-up?

= Why are you making so much effort on your make-up? Who are you meeting?


4. 너무 피곤하길래 그냥 집에 있었어요.

[neo-mu pi-go-na-gil-lae geu-nyang ji-be i-sseo-sseo-yo.]

= I was too tired, so I just stayed at home.

= I realized I was too tired, so I just stayed at home.


5. 효진 씨가 스폰지밥을 좋아하길래, 스폰지를 사 줬어요.

[hyo-jin ssi-ga seu-pon-ji-ba-beul jo-a-ha-gil-lae, seu-pon-ji-reul sa jweo-sseo-yo.]

= I saw that Hyojin likes SpongeBob, so I bought her some sponge.

Learn how to use the verb ending -길래 to form sentences like “I saw that you like chocolate, so I bought some for you.” in Korean. -길래 is similar to -아/어/여서 and -(으)니까, but is more commonly used when you want to express your decision to do something based on your observation of a state or situation.
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