I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요
To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다
To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다
Like + N / -같이, -처럼
As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼
Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)
Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자
I saw that ... so / -길래
Because I was... / -느라고
Sentence Building Drill 9
Making Things Happen (Causative)
I saw that... / -더라(고요)
Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)
No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도
What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?
I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)
They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요
They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요
Making reported questions / -냐고
Sentence Building Drill 10
Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요
Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)
No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나
Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state
To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다
On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가
As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면
The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것
So that …, to the point where … / -도록
Sentence Building Drill 11
In this lesson, let's look at the structure -길래. -길래 basically expresses a reason that an action is done, but mostly when you have intentionally done something as a result of observing and judging a situation.
You can use -길래 mainly when you are talking about (1) doing something as a result of observation, (2) doing something as a result of judging a situation and (3) asking the reason/background for a decision. And since you usually talk about the reason for an action and the reason, too, the sentence is usually in the past or present tense.
Verb stem + -길래 + <result action>
1. Doing something as a result of observation
비가 오다 (= to rain)
--> 비가 오길래
--> 비가 오길래 우산을 가져왔어요.
(= It was raining so I brought my umbrella.)
맛있다 (= to be delicious)
--> 맛있길래 더 사왔어요.
(= It was delicious so I bought some more.)
사람이 많다 (= to be crowded)
--> 사람이 많길래
--> 사람이 많길래 그냥 나왔어요.
(= There were a lot of people so I just left the place.)
2. Doing something as a result of judging a situation
비가 올 것 같다 (= to seem like it's going to rain)
--> 비가 올 것 같길래
--> 비가 올 것 같길래 그냥 집에 있었어요.
(= It looked like it was going to rain, so I just stayed at home.)
곧 문을 닫을 것 같다 (= to seem like they will close the door soon)
--> 곧 문을 닫을 것 같길래
--> 서점이 곧 문을 닫을 것 같길래 그냥 돌아왔어요.
(= The bookstore looked like it was going to close soon so I just came back.)
3. Asking the reason/background for a decision
어디에 있다 (= to be where)
--> 어디에 있길래
--> 지금 어디에 있길래 이렇게 시끄러워요?
(= Where are you now? It's so noisy (as a result of that)!)
뭐 했다 (= to have done what)
--> 뭐 했길래
--> 뭐 했길래 이렇게 지쳤어요?
(= What did you do to be so tired?)
뭐라고 말했다 (= to have said what)
--> 뭐라고 말했길래
--> 경화 씨가 뭐라고 말했길래 이렇게 신났어요?
(= What did Kyung-hwa say to make you so excited?)
1. 무슨 이야기를 들었길래 그렇게 열심히 공부해요?
[mu-seun i-ya-gi-reul deu-reot-gil-lae geu-reo-ke yeol-si-mi gong-bu-hae-yo?]
= What kind of story did you hear to study so hard?
= What did they tell you? Why are you studying so hard?
2. 어디에 가길래 그렇게 짐을 많이 싸요?
[eo-di-e ga-gil-lae geu-reo-ke ji-meul ma-ni ssa-yo?]
= Where are you going to be packing so much?
= Where are you going? You're packing so much stuff!
3. 누구를 만나길래 그렇게 화장을 열심히 해요?
[nu-gu-reul man-na-gil-lae geu-reo-ke hwa-jang-eul yeol-si-mi hae-yo?]
= Who are you meeting to be putting on so much make-up?
= Why are you making so much effort on your make-up? Who are you meeting?
4. 너무 피곤하길래 그냥 집에 있었어요.
[neo-mu pi-go-na-gil-lae geu-nyang ji-be i-sseo-sseo-yo.]
= I was too tired, so I just stayed at home.
= I realized I was too tired, so I just stayed at home.
5. 효진 씨가 스폰지밥을 좋아하길래, 스폰지를 사 줬어요.
[hyo-jin ssi-ga seu-pon-ji-ba-beul jo-a-ha-gil-lae, seu-pon-ji-reul sa jweo-sseo-yo.]
= I saw that Hyojin likes SpongeBob, so I bought her some sponge.