I see that …, I just realized that … / -(는)구나 / -(는)군요
To pretend to + V / -(으/느)ㄴ 척하다/체하다
To be doable/understandable/bearable / -(으)ㄹ 만하다
Like + N / -같이, -처럼
As much as / -((으)ㄹ) 만큼
Word Builder 12 / 원 (院)
Even if …, there is no use / -아/어/여 봤자
I saw that ... so / -길래
Because I was... / -느라고
Sentence Building Drill 9
Making Things Happen (Causative)
I saw that... / -더라(고요)
Word Builder 13 / 기 (機)
No matter how… / 아무리 -아/어/여도
What was it again? / 뭐더라?, 뭐였죠?
I said … / -다니까(요), -라니까(요)
They say …/-(느)ㄴ대요/-(이)래요
They say … / -(느)ㄴ다던데요/-(이)라던데요
Making reported questions / -냐고
Sentence Building Drill 10
Didn’t you hear him say … / -(ㄴ/는)다잖아요/-라잖아요
Word Builder 14 / 정 (定)
No matter whether you do it or not / -(으)나 마나
Passive Voice + -어 있다 / To have been put into a certain state
To be bound to + V / -게 되어 있다
On top of …, in addition to … / -(으/느)ㄴ 데다가
As long as / -(느)ㄴ 한, -기만 하면
The thing that is called + Verb / -(ㄴ/는)다는 것
So that …, to the point where … / -도록
Sentence Building Drill 11
In this lesson, we are taking a look at the verb ending -느라고, which is used to link two verbs or actions as reason and result. There are other expressions in Korean that you can use to talk about the reason for a result, but -느라고 is used specifically when the result is somewhat negative and you want to mention an excuse or reason.
Action + -느라고 + action/state
The verb that comes before -느라고 should be an action.
(ex. 먹다, 잡다, 읽다, 일하다, etc.)
The verb that comes after -느라고, however, can be either an action or a state.
일하다 + -느라고 + 못 가다
(work) + -느라고 + (can't go)
일하느라고 못 갔어요.
[i-ra-neu-ra-go mot ga-sseo-yo.]
= I couldn't go because I was working.
= I was working so I couldn't go.
Here, 일하다 is your excuse/reason for not being able to go somewhere.
-느라고 is usually associated with negative or undesirable results, but you can sometimes use it in a more neutral sense, to mention a goal or an objective.
시험 준비 하느라고 바빠요.
[si-heom jun-bi ha-neu-ra-go ba-ppa-yo.]
= I'm busy preparing for an exam.
먹을 것을 찾느라고 잠깐 냉장고를 열었어요.
[meo-geul geo-seul chat-neu-ra-go jam-kkan naeng-jang-go-reul yeo-reo-sseo-yo.]
= I opened the refrigerator for a little bit to look for something to eat.
The tense of the entire sentence is expressed through the second verb, so you can only use -느라고 with the verb stem of the first verb.
준비 했느라고 (x) 준비 하느라고 (o)
가겠느라고 (x) 가느라고 (o)
1. 운동하느라고 전화 온 줄 몰랐어요.
[un-dong-ha-neu-ra-go jeon-hwa on jul mol-la-sseo-yo.]
= I was working out so I didn't know that you were calling.
= I was working out so I didn't know I received a phone call.
2. 청소하느라고 계속 집에 있었어요.
[cheong-so-ha-neu-ra-go gye-sok ji-be i-sseo-sseo-yo.]
= I was cleaning so I stayed at home all along.
= I stayed at home all day because I was cleaning.
3. 뭐 하느라고 이렇게 늦었어요?
[mwo ha-neu-ra-go i-reo-ke neu-jeo-sseo-yo.]
= What were you doing to be so late?
= Why are you so late?
4. 그때 아마 일 하느라 바쁠 거예요. 그래도 연락해 보세요.
[geu-ttae a-ma il ha-neu-ra ba-ppeul geo-ye-yo. geu-rae-do yeol-la-ke bo-se-yo.]
= At that time, I will probably be busy working. But still try calling me.
5. 학비를 내느라고 돈을 다 썼어요.
[hak-bi-reul nae-neu-ra-go do-neul da sseo-sseo-yo.]
= I spent all the money paying for my tuition fees.
Instead of the full -느라고, you can also use -느라.
(ex. 운동하느라, 청소하느라, 뭐 하느라, 일 하느라, 학비 내느라, etc.)
Two more things to remember:
1. The subject of the two verbs should be the same when you use -느라고.
친구가 일하느라, 저는 여기 있었어요. (x)
친구가 일해서, 저는 여기 있었어요. (o)
2. You can't make an imperative or a "let's" sentence using -느라고.
지금 쇼핑 하느라, 같이 가자. (x)
지금 쇼핑 할 거니까, 같이 가자. (o)