Level 8 Korean Grammar

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1

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 1

2

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 2

3

Right after + V-ing / -기가 무섭게, -기가 바쁘게

4

N + that (someone) used to + V / -던

5

Advanced Situational Expressions: Refusing in Korean

6

It means … / -(ㄴ/는)다는 뜻이에요

7

Word Builder 15 / 점 (點)

8

I hope …, I wish … / -(으)면 좋겠어요

9

Past Tense (Various Types) / 과거시제 총정리

10

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 귀 (ear)

11

Sentence Building Drill 12

12

Present Tense (Various Types) / 현재시제 총정리

13

Word Builder 16 / 주 (主)

14

Advanced Situational Expressions: Agreeing

15

Future Tense (Various Types) / 미래시제 총정리

16

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 가슴 (chest, heart, breast)

17

If only it’s not … / -만 아니면

18

In the same way that …, just like someone did … / -(으)ㄴ 대로

19

Even if I would have to, even if that means I have to / -는 한이 있더라도

20

Sentence Building Drill 13

21

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 머리 (head, hair)

22

Word Builder 17 / 상 (上)

23

Advanced Situational Expressions: Making Suggestions in Korean

24

It is just that …, I only … / -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

25

Advanced Situational Expressions: Defending in Korean

26

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 몸 (body)

27

Advanced Situational Expressions: Complimenting in Korean

28

despite, in spite of / -에도 불구하고

29

Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Feel Happy

30

Sentence Building Drill 14

Future Tense (Various Types) / 미래시제 총정리

We’ve compiled some of the various types of Korean future tense structures into one lesson! Yay! We’ve already covered some of the structures in our previous lessons, so if you haven’t fully learned how to use these structures and would like a full explanation, go back and check out the related lessons. Happy studying!

This lesson is a review and summary of the various types of future tense structures in the Korean language.  There are mainly two basic future tense structures, -(으)ㄹ 거예요 and -(으)ㄹ게요, but by using other structures, you can add more specific meanings to your sentences. 


1. Basic Future Tense with "-(으)ㄹ 거예요" (Level 2 Lesson 1)

Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ 거예요


Ex) 

사다 = to buy 

→ 사 + -(으)ㄹ 거예요 = 살 거예요 = I (or someone else) will buy it.


주다 = to give

→ 주 + -(으)ㄹ 거예요 = 줄 거예요 = I (or someone else) will give (something to someone).  


2. Basic Future Tense with "-(으)ㄹ게요" (Level 3 Lesson 6)

Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ게요

Ex) 

보다 = to see

→ 보 + -(으)ㄹ게요 = 볼게요 = I will check.


기다리다 = to wait

→ 기다리 + -(으)ㄹ게요 = 기다릴게요 = I will wait. 


3. -(으)ㄹ 계획이에요

계획 means “plan” or “scheme”, so if you say “Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ 계획이에요”, it means you plan to do something or you are planning to do something. 


Ex) 

번역하다 = to translate

→ 번역하 + -(으)ㄹ 계획이에요 = 번역할 계획이에요 = I’m planning to translate. 


옮기다 = to move to a different spot

→ 옮기 + -(으)ㄹ 계획이에요 = 옮길 계획이에요 = I’m planning to move (something to a different spot).


4. -(으)ㄹ 예정이에요

예정 means “schedule” or “being scheduled” so it is similar to 계획, but 예정 is used in more formal situations. 


Ex)

시작되다 = to begin, to be started

→ 시작되 + -(으)ㄹ 예정이에요 = 시작될 예정이에요 = It is scheduled to begin; It is going to start.


방문하다 = to visit (formal)

→ 방문하 + -(으)ㄹ 예정이에요 = 방문할 예정이에요 = I am scheduled to visit; It’s in his schedule to visit. 


5. -(으)ㄹ 것 같아요 (Level 4 Lesson 27)

When you say “Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ 것 같아요", it means you think that something will happen or you will do something, but you are not completely sure. -(으)ㄹ 것 같아요 is usually the Korean translation of the English expression “I think”. 


Ex)

곧 도착하다 = to arrive soon

→ 곧 도착하 + -(으)ㄹ 것 같아요 = 곧 도착할 것 같아요 = I think we’ll arrive soon.


잘 되다 = to go well

→ 잘 되 + -(으)ㄹ 것 같다 = 잘 될 것 같아요 = I think it will go well.


6. -(으)ㄹ지도 몰라요 and -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요 (Level 3 Lesson 22)

When you say “Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ지도 몰라요" or “Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요", it means that you MIGHT do something or something MIGHT happen. The two expressions are very similar and almost always interchangeable.


Ex) 

안 가다 = to not go

→ 안 가 + -(으)ㄹ지도 몰라요 = 안 갈지도 몰라요. = I might not go.

→ 안 가 + -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요 = 안 갈 수도 있어요. = I might not go.


7. -(으)ㄹ까 생각 중이에요

In this structure, the -(으)ㄹ까 part is like a question for oneself. And “Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ까” is followed by 생각 중이에요, which means “I am thinking” or “I am in the middle of a thought”. 


Ex)

일본어를 배우다 = to learn Japanese

→ 일본어를 배우 + -(으)ㄹ까 생각 중이에요 = 일본어를 배울까 생각 중이에요. = I’m thinking of learning Japanese.


8. -(으)ㄹ까 해요

-(으)ㄹ까 해요 has the same meaning as -(으)ㄹ까 생각 중이에요. Since the -(으)ㄹ까 part itself is usually sufficient to express that the person is asking oneself, the following part doesn’t always have to be 생각 중이에요. It can be 고민 중이에요, 생각하고 있어요, or other phrases, but the most commonly used short form is 해요. 


Ex) 

일본어를 배울까 생각 중이에요. → 일본어를 배울까 해요. = I’m thinking of learning Japanese.

집에 갈까 생각 중이에요. → 집에 갈까 해요. = I’m thinking of going home. 


9. -(으)려고 해요 (Level 5 Lesson 8)

-(으)려고 해요 is used after verb stems to express one’s intention to do something or when something seems about to occur. 


Ex)

포스터가 떨어지다 = the poster falls off

→ 포스터가 떨어지 + -(으)려고 해요 = 포스터가 떨어지려고 해요 = The poster is about to fall off.

We’ve compiled some of the various types of Korean future tense structures into one lesson! Yay! We’ve already covered some of the structures in our previous lessons, so if you haven’t fully learned how to use these structures and would like a full explanation, go back and check out the related lessons. Happy studying!
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