Level 8 Korean Grammar

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0 / 30 Lessons
1

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 1

2

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 2

3

Right after + V-ing / -기가 무섭게, -기가 바쁘게

4

N + that (someone) used to + V / -던

5

Advanced Situational Expressions: Refusing in Korean

6

It means … / -(ㄴ/는)다는 뜻이에요

7

Word Builder 15 / 점 (點)

8

I hope …, I wish … / -(으)면 좋겠어요

9

Past Tense (Various Types) / 과거시제 총정리

10

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 귀 (ear)

11

Sentence Building Drill 12

12

Present Tense (Various Types) / 현재시제 총정리

13

Word Builder 16 / 주 (主)

14

Advanced Situational Expressions: Agreeing

15

Future Tense (Various Types) / 미래시제 총정리

16

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 가슴 (chest, heart, breast)

17

If only it’s not … / -만 아니면

18

In the same way that …, just like someone did … / -(으)ㄴ 대로

19

Even if I would have to, even if that means I have to / -는 한이 있더라도

20

Sentence Building Drill 13

21

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 머리 (head, hair)

22

Word Builder 17 / 상 (上)

23

Advanced Situational Expressions: Making Suggestions in Korean

24

It is just that …, I only … / -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

25

Advanced Situational Expressions: Defending in Korean

26

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 몸 (body)

27

Advanced Situational Expressions: Complimenting in Korean

28

despite, in spite of / -에도 불구하고

29

Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Feel Happy

30

Sentence Building Drill 14

Word Builder 17 / 상 (上)

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja]. Though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there.  You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!


Today’s keyword is 상.

The Chinese character for this is 上. There are many other Chinese characters (or Hanja letters) that are used for 상, so keep in mind that not all the words that have 상 in them have related meanings.

The word 상 (上) is related to “up”, “high”, or “on”.


상 (high) + 하 (low) = 상하 (上下) = above and below, 1st and 2nd volumes of a book

상 (up) + 경 (Seoul) = 상경 (上京) = going (up) to Seoul 

상 (high) + 위 (rank, position) = 상위 (上位) = high rank

상 (high) + 반 (half) + 기 (period) = 상반기 (上半期) = first half of the year

상 (high) + 사 (be in charge) = 상사 (上司) = boss

상 (up) + 장 (market, yard) = 상장 (上場) = go public and be listed on the stock market

상 (high) + 급 (grade) = 상급 (上級) = advanced, higher level

상 (up) + 공 (empty, air) = 상공 (上空) = sky (above a certain place)

상 (up) + 승 (go up) = 상승 (上昇) = increase, rise, climb

상 (high) + 류 (flow) = 상류 (上流) = upper class, upper region of a river

북 (north) + 상 (go up) = 북상 (北上) = going north (e.g. typhoon)

사 (history) + 상 (on) = 사상 (史上) = in history, all-time

업무 (work) + 상 (on) = 업무상 (業務上) = for work, for business

조 (grandfather) + 상 (high) = 조상 (祖上) = ancestor

상 (up) + 의 (clothes) = 상의 (上衣) = (clothes) one’s top

정 (top) + 상 (on) = 정상 (頂上) = top, summit

세 (humanity) + 상 (on) = 세상 (世上) = world

옥 (house) + 상 (on) = 옥상 (屋上) = rooftop

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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