Level 8 Korean Grammar

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1

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 1

2

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 눈 (eye) – Part 2

3

Right after + V-ing / -기가 무섭게, -기가 바쁘게

4

N + that (someone) used to + V / -던

5

Advanced Situational Expressions: Refusing in Korean

6

It means … / -(ㄴ/는)다는 뜻이에요

7

Word Builder 15 / 점 (點)

8

I hope …, I wish … / -(으)면 좋겠어요

9

Past Tense (Various Types) / 과거시제 총정리

10

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 귀 (ear)

11

Sentence Building Drill 12

12

Present Tense (Various Types) / 현재시제 총정리

13

Word Builder 16 / 주 (主)

14

Advanced Situational Expressions: Agreeing

15

Future Tense (Various Types) / 미래시제 총정리

16

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 가슴 (chest, heart, breast)

17

If only it’s not … / -만 아니면

18

In the same way that …, just like someone did … / -(으)ㄴ 대로

19

Even if I would have to, even if that means I have to / -는 한이 있더라도

20

Sentence Building Drill 13

21

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 머리 (head, hair)

22

Word Builder 17 / 상 (上)

23

Advanced Situational Expressions: Making Suggestions in Korean

24

It is just that …, I only … / -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

25

Advanced Situational Expressions: Defending in Korean

26

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 몸 (body)

27

Advanced Situational Expressions: Complimenting in Korean

28

despite, in spite of / -에도 불구하고

29

Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Feel Happy

30

Sentence Building Drill 14

It is just that …, I only … / -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

In this lesson, we are taking a look at how to use the sentence ending “-(으)ㄹ 따름이다”. This is used to express the meaning of “only” as in “we can only …” or “what I did is just …”. This is a somewhat formal ending and can be found in many official (usually apologetic) statements as well as contexts where the speaker is expressing hope or regret, such as “I only did what he told me, but …” or “we can only wait for the result now”.

In this lesson, we are taking a look at how to use the sentence ending "-(으)ㄹ 따름이다". This is used to express the meaning of "only" as in "we can only ..." or "what I did is just ...". This is a somewhat formal ending and can be found in many official (usually apologetic) statements as well as contexts where the speaker is expressing hope or regret, such as "I only did what he told me, but ..." or "we can only wait for the result now". 


Construction 

Present / Future Tense:

  • Verb stem + -(으)ㄹ 따름이다


Past Tense:

  • Verb stem + -았/었/였 + -(으)ㄹ 따름이다 


Ex) 

기다리다 (= to wait)

--> 기다리 + -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

--> 기다릴 따름입니다. (= I can only wait.) 


말해 주다 (= to tell someone) 

--> 말해 주 + -었 + -(으)ㄹ 따름이다

--> 말해 줬을 따름입니다. (= I did nothing but tell them about it.) 


Sample Sentences

1. 부끄러울 따름입니다.

[bu-kkeu-reo-ul tta-reu-mim-ni-da]

= I'm just ashamed of it/my mistake/what I did/what happened.

(I have nothing else to say; I can't say anything but this; I can't think of anything else but this.)


2. 제가 이 상을 받을 수 있게 도와 주신 모든 분들께 감사할 따름입니다.

[je-ga i sang-eul ba-deul su it-ge do-wa ju-sin mo-deun bun-deul-kke gam-sa-hal tta-reu-mim-ni-da.]

= I'm just grateful to everybody who helped me receive this award. 


3. 정말 놀라울 따름입니다. 

[jeong-mal nol-la-ul tta-reu-mim-ni-da.]

= All I can say is that I'm surprised. 

= It's really shocking. That's all I can say. 


4. 저는 해야 할 일을 했을 따름입니다.

[jeo-neun hae-ya hal i-reul hae-sseul tta-reu-mim-ni-da.]

= I just did what I had to do. 


5. 이런 일이 생겨서, 저희는 정말 당황스러울 따름입니다. 

[i-reon i-ri saeng-gyeo-seo jeo-hui-neun jeong-mal dang-hwang-seu-reo-ul tta-reu-mim-ni-da.]

= We are just really embarrassed that something like this happened. 


Difference between 따름입니다 and 뿐입니다

뿐입니다 also has the same meaning, but 뿐입니다 is commonly used in spoken Korean and in a lighter, less formal setting. For example, “저는 해야 할 일을 했을 따름입니다” (Sample Sentence #4) can be changed to “저는 해야 할 일을 했을 뿐이에요” to be made less formal.

In this lesson, we are taking a look at how to use the sentence ending “-(으)ㄹ 따름이다”. This is used to express the meaning of “only” as in “we can only …” or “what I did is just …”. This is a somewhat formal ending and can be found in many official (usually apologetic) statements as well as contexts where the speaker is expressing hope or regret, such as “I only did what he told me, but …” or “we can only wait for the result now”.
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